Cerianthus filiformis Carlgren, 1924

Stampar, Sergio N., Reimer, James D., Maronna, Maximiliano M., Lopes, Celine S. S., Ceriello, Hellen, Santos, Thais B., Acuna, F, 2020, Ceriantharia (Cnidaria) of the World: an annotated catalogue and key to species, ZooKeys 952, pp. 1-63: 1

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.952.50617

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:96103618-0C3A-4DE9-BCC1-9AE0A824B9D8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BA515290-0FB4-5201-9F7C-0D360FDE947C

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Cerianthus filiformis Carlgren, 1924
status

 

10 Cerianthus filiformis Carlgren, 1924 

In part Cerianthus orientalis  Verrill 1865: 151

Cerianthus  sp. 1 Wassilieff 1908: 46

Cerianthus  sp. 2 Wassilieff 1908: 46

Cerianthus filiformis  Carlgren, 1924: 169-173; Uchida 1979: 195-197; Song 1986: 79-87; Song and Lee 1998: 239-240; Song 1998: 195-198; Pei 1998: 179-180; Song 2000: 324-326; Uchida and Soyama 2001: 127, 150, 152

Cerianthus misakiensis  Nakamoto, 1923: 167

Type locality.

Aburatsubo Bay, Miura, Japan.

Distribution.

South Japan, South Korea, Korea (East China Sea), and China (Yellow Sea), at 1-50 m depth.

Remarks.

There are some detailed descriptions about this species (e.g., Nakamoto 1923; Carlgren 1924). Uchida (1979) described the color variation of specimens from Japan (Kushimoto) and some ecological aspects. The same author also compared C. filiformis  to other specimens described from the same area and concluded that all specimens belonged to the same species. This assumption includes the specimen from Okinose Bank, Sagami Bay (Kanagawa, Japan) described by Wassilieff as C. orientalis  Verril, 1865. This specimen is deposited in the Zoologische Staatssammlung München (ZSM; 173/D65) and does not belong to the genus Cerianthus  but to Ceriantheomorphe  (S. Stampar pers. obs.). It is not very well preserved, but the overall organization of the mesenteries is quite consistent with that of Ceriantheomorphe ambonensis  (Kwietniewski, 1898). The occurrence of Ceriantheomorphe  in Japanese waters was also discussed by Molodtsova (2001b).

Type material.

Lund Museum of Zoology - MZLU L930/3095b (Syntype).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Spirularia

Family

Cerianthidae

Genus

Cerianthus

Loc

Cerianthus filiformis Carlgren, 1924

Stampar, Sergio N., Reimer, James D., Maronna, Maximiliano M., Lopes, Celine S. S., Ceriello, Hellen, Santos, Thais B., Acuna, F 2020
2020
Loc

Cerianthus filiformis

Carlgren 1924
1924
Loc

Cerianthus orientalis

Verrill 1866
1866
Loc

Cerianthus

Delle Chiaje 1841
1841
Loc

Cerianthus

Delle Chiaje 1841
1841