Palustra uruguayensis Berg, 1886: 212

Beccacece, Hernan M., Vincent, Benoit & Navarro, Fernando R., 2014, The type-material of Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) described by Burmeister and Berg in the collection of the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia (Buenos Aires, Argen, ZooKeys 421, pp. 65-89: 80

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scientific name

Palustra uruguayensis Berg, 1886: 212


Taxon classification Animalia Lepidoptera Erebidae

Palustra uruguayensis Berg, 1886: 212  Fig. 25

Current identity.

Paracles uruguayensis  (Berg, 1886) is a junior synonym of Paracles vulpina  ( Hübner, [1825]).


Described on the basis of a single female specimen from Respublica uruguayensis [Republic of Uruguay] Montevideo (Uruguay).

Type locality.

Montevideo [Uruguay].


In the Berg collection there is a female specimen with a white label which reads "Montev[ideo] Arechavaleta col," a red label with the inscription “TYPUS,” a white label with the inscription “Typus,” a white label that reads " Palustra uruguayensis  arctiadae" (handwritten by Berg) and a red label with the inscription "Holotype ♀ Palustra uruguayensis  Berg." According to the original description, this female is the holotype. We labelled it and herewith recognize it as the holotype [MACN]. It is in good overall condition (Fig. 25).


This species was synonymized with Paracles vulpina  ( Hübner, [1825]) by Hampson (1901: 448). Superficially, the figures of Antarctia vulpina  Hübner and the holotype of Paracles uruguayensis  Berg have quite different appearances. The head and thorax of the male Antarctia vulpina  are bright red brown, the axis of the antenna is white; the abdomen has an orange dorsum. The forewing is bright red brown, the costal edge is yellowish white, and the cilia are white at the tips. The hindwings are white, the base of the inner area has some orange hair, the costa and veins towards the apex are brownish. The forewing of the female has a slightly paler costa, and the cilia are not white at the tips. The hindwing is pale brown (Hampson, 1901). The holotype female of Paracles uruguayensis  Berg has a pale grey-yellow color pattern. The species is similar to Paracles laboulbeni  (Bar, 1873). Therefore, we propose the two taxa are valid species with the following recombination: Paracles uruguayensis  (Berg, 1886), sp. rev.