Pholcus matutum Huber

Bernard A. Huber, Joseph K. H. Koh, Amir-Ridhwan M. Ghazali, Kamil A. Braima, Olga M. Nuñeza, Charles Leh Moi Ung & Booppa Petch, 2016, New leaf- and litter-dwelling species of the genus Pholcus from Southeast Asia (Araneae, Pholcidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 200, pp. 1-45: 40-42

publication ID 10.5852/ejt.2016.200

publication LSID

persistent identifier

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scientific name

Pholcus matutum Huber

sp. nov.

Pholcus matutum Huber  sp. nov.

Figs 138–139View Figs 131 – 139, 157–160View Figs 157 – 160, 164–166View Figs 161 – 166


Distinguished from most similar known relative ( P. domingo Huber  sp. nov.) by morphology of male palps ( Figs 157–158View Figs 157 – 160; shorter procursus with longer dorsal process; shorter and more pointed appendix); females of these two species are difficult to separate (internal genitalia relatively longer in P. domingo Huber  sp. nov.; compare Figs 144View Figs 140 – 144 and 160View Figs 157 – 160).


The species name is derived from the type locality; noun in apposition.

Material examined


PHILIPPINES: ♂, ZFMK ( Ar 15729), Mindanao, Mt. Matutum , Kawit Forest, ‘site 1’ (6.338°N, 125.104°E), 950 m a.s.l., along brook, on leaf, 13 Feb. 2014 (B.A. Huber, E. Mondejar)GoogleMaps  .

Other material

PHILIPPINES: 4 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, 1 juv., ZFMK ( Ar 15730–31),GoogleMaps  and 1 ♂, 1 ♀, MSU-IIT, same data as holotypeGoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, 3 juvs, in absolute ethanol, in ZFMK ( Phi 269), same dataGoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, RMNH, Mindanao, Davao, Mt. Apo Nature Reserve [~ 7.03°N, 125.40°E?], 800 m a.s.l., on wild coffee leaf in secondary forest, 26 Apr. 1982 [R. Deeleman]GoogleMaps  .


Male (holotype)

MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 4.4, carapace width 0.9. Leg 1: 36.9 (8.8 + 0.4 + 8.8 + 17.3 + 1.6), tibia 2: 5.4, tibia 3: 3.2, tibia 4: 4.6; tibia 1 L/d: 108. Distance PME-PME 260 µm, diameter PME 100×120 µm, distance PME-ALE ~30 µm; distance AME-AME 50 µm, diameter AME 15 µm.

COLOR. Carapace pale ochre, without dark pattern (only small internal medio-posterior structure visible through cuticle), ocular area also dark, clypeus pale ochre, only proximally darker; sternum whitish; legs ochre-yellow with dark brown patellae and tibia-metatarsus joints; abdomen pale ochre-gray with black marks dorsally and laterally, monochromous ventrally except pair of small brown spots in book-lung area.

BODY. Habitus as in Fig. 138View Figs 131 – 139; ocular area slightly raised, each triad on additional short hump; carapace without median furrow; clypeus unmodified; sternum wider than long (0.60/0.50), unmodified.

CHELICERAE. As in P. domingo Huber  sp. nov. (cf. Fig. 142View Figs 140 – 144), barely modified, with indistinct lateral humps proximally.

PALPS. As in Figs 157–158View Figs 157 – 160; coxa unmodified; trochanter with very long curved ventral apophysis; femur with ventral and retrolatero-dorsal processes (slightly different shapes than in P. domingo Huber  sp. nov.); tibia very large (relative to femur); procursus rather simple, with strong ventral ‘knee’ and distinctive long dorsal process distally; bulb with long semitransparent embolus and large sclerotized process (putative appendix) densely covered with scales on retrolateral surface, with lighter prolateral branch proximally (appendix with more pointed tip than in P. domingo Huber  sp. nov.; prolateral branch with more rounded tip).

LEGS. Without spines and curved hairs; few vertical hairs; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 3%; prolateral trichobothrium absent on tibia 1, present on other tibiae; tarsus 1 with>20 pseudosegments, only distally a few fairly distinct.

Male (variation)

Some males with pair of small darker marks posteriorly on carapace (similar to P. domingo Huber  sp. nov.). Tibia 1 in 5 other males: 8.3–9.3 (mean 8.7).


In general similar to male ( Fig. 139View Figs 131 – 139), carapace pattern different: most females with two pairs of light brown to orange marks, one pair near median line posteriorly, one pair laterally; one female with same carapace pattern as P. domingo Huber  sp. nov. (posterior half of carapace largely covered by light brown to orange pattern). Eye triads slightly closer together than in males (PME-PME distance: 230 µm). Tibia 1 in 4 females: 6.6, 6.9, 6.9, 7.2. Sternum whitish as is males (not brown as in P. domingo Huber  sp. nov. females). Epigynum very simple, weakly sclerotized ( Fig. 164View Figs 161 – 166), with transverse ridges and finger-shaped posterior ‘knob’ ( Fig. 159View Figs 157 – 160); internal genitalia as in Figs 160View Figs 157 – 160, 165, 166View Figs 161 – 166.

Natural history

The spiders were found in very fine, barely visible webs tightly attached to the leaf surface of live leaves.


Known from two localities in southern Mindanao ( Fig. 1View Fig. 1). The single female specimen from Epol Falls assigned tentatively to P. domingo Huber  sp. nov. might actually belong to this species.


Germany, Bonn, Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koenig"


Netherlands, Leiden, Nationaal Natuurhistorische Museum ("Naturalis") [formerly Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie]


USA, Florida, Gainesville, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History, Allyn Museum