Hyboptera tiputini Erwin & Henry

Erwin, Terry L. & Henry, Shasta C., 2017, Hyboptera Chaudoir, 1872 of the Cryptobatida group of subtribe Agrina: A taxonomic revision with notes on their ways of life (Insecta, Coleoptera, Carabidae, Lebiini), ZooKeys 714, pp. 61-127: 88-93

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.714.15113

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BC4DF927-F547-446C-ACD3-F2B065E0842E

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/04C99837-BEFF-4F3E-BE65-69CA3562A4A0

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:04C99837-BEFF-4F3E-BE65-69CA3562A4A0

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Hyboptera tiputini Erwin & Henry
status

sp. n.

Hyboptera tiputini Erwin & Henry  sp. n. Tiputini humps-backed beetle Figs 4A, 5D, 11

Holotype.

Male. Ecuador, Orellana, Yasuni National Park (edge), 95.43 km E (heading 101.46°) Coca, Tiputini Biodiversity Station, Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 4, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 8 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135781).

Derivation of specific epithet.

The specific epithet, " tiputini  " is used as a noun in apposition and is based on the Tiputini Biodiversity Station in the Yasuni area of eastern Ecuador in reference to one of the places in which members of this species are found.

Proposed English vernacular name.

Tiputini humps-backed beetle.

Diagnosis.

With the attributes of the genus and angulicollis  species group as described above and adults with patches of bright metallic green para-medially on pronotum, elytra markedly shiny, violaceous, some individuals with hint of metallic green near basal margin, broad, with markedly arcuate lateral margin.

Description.

(Figs 4A, 5D). Size: See Appendix 1. Length (SBL) long for genus, ABL = 4.21-5.64 mm, SBL = 3.33-4.72 mm, TW = 1.868-2.92 mm.

Color: See diagnosis, above.

Luster: Matte with a few green reflections, markedly iridescent.

Microsculpture: Mostly irregular isodiametric, often stretched, shallowly impressed, cells especially stretched around elytral tubercles.

Head: Rugae moderately coarse, transverse. Eye very large, sub-hemispheric, evenly rounded anteriorly, subtly more prolonged posteriorly. Antenna short, barely reaching humerus. Labrum rectangulate, shallowly bilobed, anterior margin slightly emarginate. Neck finely transversely rugose.

Prothorax: Pronotum markedly broad, disc medially shallowly depressed along midline, and with dense transverse rugae. Lateral margins broadly explanate and obtusely angulate medially then subtlely arcuate to obtuse hind angle, base medially produced and rounded posteriorly.

Pterothorax: Normal for Agrina  , fully winged. Elytron interval 3 with 7(8) and interval 5 with 5 unisetiferous tubercles, other intervals shallowly to moderately convex, side margin broadly explanate laterally only at middle third. Elytron broad and short, slightly narrower than the pronotum at the broadest part, apex truncate, slightly rounded with distal corner broadly and obtusely rounded, disc not significantly convex, basal third slightly depressed. All interneurs well-impressed.

Legs: Femur dorso-ventrally moderately depressed, tibia coequal in length, more depressed; tarsus less than half the length of the tibia, fourth tarsomere markedly bilobed and with tarsal pad of setae.

Abdomen: Sparsely setiferous; normal ambulatory setae on sterna 3-5; female with two pairs of ambulatory setae on sternum 6, medial pair of setae less than the length of lateral pair; males unknown.

Male genitalia: Phallus (Fig. 5D) with ostium of 1/5 its length, catopic, apex moderately long, narrowly rounded, broad in dorsal aspect; endophallus with flagellum (mid-part obvious in illustration), flagellum not barbed. Parameres asymmetric, right very small, left larger.

Female genitalia: Not investigated, likely similar to that of H. lucida  (Fig. 8).

Dispersal potential.

These beetles are macropterous and probably capable of flight. They are moderately swift and agile runners.

Way of life.

Adults are common in the lowlands and lower midlands (20 to 900 m a.s.l.) and appear to be generalists in a variety of rainforest biotopes including terra firme, várzea, and igapó. In these forests, they are commonly found in big trees with vines and epiphytes, in suspended dry leaves, in dry Astrocaryum chambira  Burret palm frond skirts. Individuals can be found in January-November, in both the rainy and dry seasons. Member of this species have been recorded from the canopy of the following tree species using insecticidal fogging techniques: Pseudolmedia laevis  ; Iriartea deltoidea  ; Castilla ulei  cf.; Sorocea steinbachii  cf.; Matisia malacocalyx  cf. Swartzia león; Eschweilera coriacea  cf.; Mouriri guapira  ; Trichilia solitudinis  ; Eriotheca globosa  cf.; Sloanea  1; Vismia  weedy; Tabebuia moby  ; Pourouma bicolor ssp. bicolor  cf.; Alchornea triplinervia  cf.?; Naucleopsis krukovii  cf.; Hyeronima oblonga  ; Clarisia biflora  ; Pouteria baehniana  cf.; Inga cuadra  ; Maquira calophylla  ; Brownea grandiceps  cf.; Talisia  bitter; Virola decorticans  cf.; Pouteria cuspidata ssp. robusta  cf.; Diospyros sericea  ; Guarea silvatica  ; Scheelea  sp.

Other specimens examined.

Colombia, Amazonas, PNN Amacayacu, Mocagua, 3.84°S, 70.22°W, 76m, 14-21 August 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: AvH-E-73764, ADP145179, female paratype), 12-19 March 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: AvH-E-2971, ADP145201, female paratype), 19-26 June 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: AvH-E-73760, ADP145205, ADP145213, female paratypes), 2-8 May 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: AvH-E-73762, ADP145199, female paratype), 29 May - 6 June 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: AvH-E-73759, ADP145207, female paratype), 3-9 April 2000 (A Parente) (IAvH: AvH-E-73758, ADP145185, female paratype); Chocó, Ensenada de Utría Cocalito, 6.046°N, 77.352°W, 20m, 1 August - 10 October 2000 (S Sarria) (IAvH: IAvH-E-10943, ADP145168, female paratype); Valle del Cauca, PPN Farallones de Cali, 3.527°N, 76.848°W, 650-900m, 1 August - 10 October 2000 (S Sarria) (IAvH: IAvH-E-3531, ADP145212, male paratype, IAvH-E-10942, ADP145208, IAvH-E-40743, ADP145216, female paratypes). Ecuador, Orellana, Reserva Ethnica Huaorani, 39 km S Pompeya, Estación Científica Yasuní - Onkone Gare Camp, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 4-14 October 1995 (GE Ball, D.Shpeley)( UASM: ADP135771, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 9, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 15 January 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP138483, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 2, station 8, 0.6581°S, 76.4513°W, 220-250m, 20 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135847, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 9, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 25 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135954, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 9, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 12 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137319, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 10, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137341, male paratype, ADP137377, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, station 1, 0.6540°S, 76.4453°W, 220-250m, 8 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135950, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 8, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 7 February 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137389, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 4, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 21 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137323, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 5, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 22 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137738, male paratype, ADP137349, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 1, station 9, 0.6586°S, 76.4521°W, 220-250m, 30 September 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137337, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 10, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 2 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137750, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 8, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135857, female paratype); Yasuni National Park (edge), 95.43 km E (heading 101.46°) Coca, Tiputini Biodiversity Station, Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 6, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 218m, 23 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135902, ADP135874, female paratypes), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 9, 0.63327°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 24 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135843, female paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 9, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 26 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135850, male paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 8, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 5 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135844, male paratype, ADP135853, ADP135898, female paratypes), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 7, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 7 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135849, male paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 4, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 8 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135851, ADP135845, male paratypes), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 9, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 25 October 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135916, female paratype). Perú, Loreto, Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, 1 km E Hamburgo, Boca del Ingles Camp, 0,5226°S, 75.1192°W, 125m, 10 May 1990 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005785, female paratype); Río Samiria (South Branch), Camp Terry, 5.6951°S, 75.2243°W, 129m, 12 May 1990 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005786, female paratype); Madre de Dios, Manu Reserved Zone, Río Manu, BIOLAT Biological Station, Pakitza, 11.9446°S, 71.2831°W, 356m, 7 September 1988 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005778, ADP005779, male paratypes), 9 September 1988 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005763, female paratype), 12 September 1988 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005776, male paratype), 15 February 1990 (TL Erwin, GP Servat)( NMNH: ADP005777, male paratype), 21 September 1991 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005764, male paratype), 16 October 1991 (TL Erwin, MG Pogue)( NMNH: ADP007444, male paratype), Reserva Nacional Tambopata, 30 km (air) SW Puerto Maldonado, Explorer’s Inn, 12.8364°S, 69.2936°W, 209m, 14 September 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005781, female paratype), 25 October 1982 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005798, female paratype), 5-6 November 1982 (R Wilkerson)( NMNH: ADP067693, male paratype), 30 April 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005784, male paratype), 8 September 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005783, female paratype), 14 September 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005782, male paratype).

Geographic distribution

(Fig. 11). This species is currently known from the type locality and other localities in Ecuador and various localities in Colombia and Perú.

Notes.

The holotype will be deposited in Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador and is currently held in trust until the completion of studies at NMNH.