Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers.

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 120

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.102.24380

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BE5D5E59-C978-2066-4E14-7ACE7C97DBE4

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers.
status

 

Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers. 

Names.

Myanmar: hsin-doan manwai, sindon-ma-nwe. English: heart-leaved moonseed.

Range.

Tropical Asia. Naturalized and cultivated throughout tropical and subtropical regions of Pakistan, India, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. Found growing naturally throughout Myanmar in damp forests and on hills.

Uses.

Whole plant: Hot, spicy, bitter, and astringent in taste, the five parts (root, stem, leaf, flower and fruit) are known for promoting strength and longevity, "calming the blood", stimulating appetite, promoting digestion, and controlling fevers, sores, and urinary disorders. A decoction reduced to one-third the starting volume is taken to neutralize poisons. The plant can be mixed and boiled together with myin-hkwar ( Centella asiatica  ) leaves to alleviate heart palpitations and anxiety. Thin slices of the plant are eaten frequently to stop vomiting of blood; a decoction can be reduced to one-fourth its starting volume is used to ease chronic joint inflammation; plant also used in making medicines to treat gas and bile problems, urinary tract infections, menstrual disorders, earaches, and phlegm imbalances. Stem, Leaf: Used as stomachic and cholagogue. Leaf: Juice from crushed leaves is slightly warmed and used as an ear wash to alleviate earaches. A mixture of the leaves with equal parts of lauk thay ( Desmodium triquetrum  ), ohn hnwai ( Aerva javanica  ), thinbaw maizali ( Senna alata  ), and kone hti-kayone ( Mimosa pudica  ) leaves is made into a tea to promote longevity and prevent illnesses.

Note.

The medicinal uses of this species in India are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991).

References.

Nordal (1963), Agricultural Corporation (1980), Forest Department (1999).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

ORDO

Family

FAMILIA

Genus

Tinospora