Peltis O. F. Mueller , 1764

Kolibac, Jiri, 2013, Trogossitidae: A review of the beetle family, with a catalogue and keys, ZooKeys 366, pp. 1-194: 82-85

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.366.6172

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/BE84E972-4312-C435-6835-EFEA2AC91D57

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ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Peltis O. F. Mueller , 1764
status

 

Genus Peltis O. F. Mueller, 1764  Figs 2, 9, 15; Map 7

Peltis  Müller, O. F. 1764: 13.

Type species.

Silpha grossa  Linnaeus, 1758 [designated by Hope 1840]

Bacianskas, V. 2009: 30 (biology). Barron, J. R. 1971: 24. Barron, J. R. 1996: 193 (Nearctic species). Kolibáč, J. 2005: 76. Kolibáč, J. 2006: 111. Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366. Noreika, N. 2009: 68 (distribution). Spahr, U. 1981: 74 (amber and copal fossils)

Gaurambe  C. G. Thomson, 1862 [type species: Silpha ferruginea  Linnaeus, 1758]

Barron, J. R. 1971: 24. Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366. Lafer, G. Sh. 1992: 83. Silfverberg, H. 1978: 117

Ostoma  Laicharting, 1781 [type species: Silpha ferruginea  Linnaeus, 1758]

Léveillé, A. 1910: 30. Downie, N. M. & Arnett, R. H. Jr. 1996: 935 (key). Barron, J. R. 1971: 23. Crowson, R. A. 1964a: 295 ( Peltis  Kugel, 1791). Kolibáč, J. 2005: 76 (synonymized). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366. Larsson, S. G. 1978: 150 (fossil, Baltic amber). Lafer, G. Sh. 1992: 83. Reitter, E. 1876: 61

Zimioma  Gozis, 1886 [type species: Silpha grossa  Linnaeus, 1758]

Léveillé, A. 1910: 29 [ Ostoma (Zimioma)  Gozis, 1886]. Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366

Description.

Body size: about 7.5-23.0 mm. Body shape flat. Gular sutures wide, subparallel. Frontoclypeal suture broadly emarginate. Frons: longitudinal groove or depression absent. Cranium ventrally: tufts of long setae at sides absent. Submentum: ctenidium absent. Antennal groove present. Eyes: size moderate. Eyes number: two. Epicranial acumination moderate. Lacinial hooks: one. Galea: shape elongate. Galea: ciliate setae absent. Mediostipes-Lacinia partially fused. Palpifer: outer edge even. Mandibular apical teeth number: two, horizontally situated. Mola present. Penicillus (at base) absent. Pubescence above mola or cutting edge absent. Ventral furrow absent. Basal notch moderate. Labrum-Cranium not fused. Epipharyngial sclerite absent. Lateral tormal process: projection curved downwards, processes with bridge ( Peltis  ). Ligula: ciliate setae absent. Ligula membranous, not retroflexed, deeply emarginate. Hypopharyngeal sclerite consisting of two separate parts. Antenna 11-segmented. Antennal club symmetrical, sensorial fields absent. Front coxal cavities externally open, internally open. Pronotum transverse. Prepectus present. Middle coxal cavities open. Elytra: long hairs absent. Epipleuron moderate. Elytral interlocking mechanism absent, carinae conspicuous. Elytral punctation regular, scales absent. Wing: radial cell oblong (or reduced), wedge cell small ( Peltis  ), cross vein MP3-4 present, cross vein AA1+2-3+4 absent. Front tibiae: spines along side moderate. Hooked spur present. Claws: denticle absent. Spiculum gastrale absent. Tegmen composed of three parts. Coxitae divided.

Larva: Frontal arms Y-shaped. Epicranial stem present. Endocarina absent. Gular sutures inconspicuous. Gula: anterior apodemes present. Paragular sclerites absent. Hypostomal rods present. Stemmata number: 3. Mandibular apical teeth number: two, horizontally situated. Lacinia mandibulae absent. Mola reduced. Maxillary palpi 3-segmented. Palpifer present. Pedunculate seta absent. Mala simple. Mala: bidentate protrusion present. Cardo-Stipes not fused. Cardo: size much smaller than stipes. Ligula present. Labial palpi 2-segmented. Prementum in two parts, anterior margin even. Torma: two separate lateral sclerites. Antennal joints 1 and 2 elongate. Sensory appendix very small. Thoracic sclerites pattern (dorsally) 0+0+0. Thoracic sclerites pattern (ventrally) 0+0+0. Trochanter oblong. Abdominal segment IX not divided. Tergite IX flat. Urogomphi minute; median process absent.

Biology.

Fungivorous. The adults live under the bark of dead or dying deciduous and coniferous trees and feed on fungi. Larvae can be found in rotten or decaying wood, for example at the base of old trees or inside stumps.

Distribution.

Holarctic temperate zones: North America from Arizona to Alaska, Europe including British Isles and Scandinavia, Siberia, Korea, Japan.

Species:

Peltis columbiana  Casey, 1924; widespread USA, Canada (from Alaska) (JRB)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 30

Peltis constulata  Heyden, 1862; Germany: Rott, Siebengebirge; Tertiary: Upper Oligocene (varA)

Ponomarenko, A. G. & Kireichuk A. G. 2005-2008: http://www.zin.ru/animalia/Coleoptera/rus/paleosy2.htm. Schmied, H. et al. 2009: 24

Peltis ferruginea  Linnaeus, 1758; Europe, Siberia, Japan, North Korea, USA, Canada (JK)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 30 ( Ostoma  ). Bahillo de la Puebla P. & López-Colón, J. I. 1999: 13 ( Ostoma  ). Sarikaya, O. & Avci, M. 2009: 129 ( Ostoma  )

Barron, J. R. 1971: 28 (syn. Ostoma cassidoides  Lepechin, 1774); Russia (JRB)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 28 (syn. Ostoma cimicoides  Degeer, 1774; not binominal). Barron, J. R. 1971: 28 ( Ostoma  )

Barron, J. R. 1971: 28 (syn. Ostoma fraternus  Randall, 1838); USA: Maine (JRB)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 28 (syn. Ostoma nigricans  Dalla Torre, 1879); Oberösterreich (JRB)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 28 (syn. Ostoma nigrina  Casey, 1916); Canada: British Columbia (JRB)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 28 (syn. Ostoma rubicunda  Laicharting, 1781); Germania (JRB)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 28 (syn. Ostoma septentrionalis  Randall, 1838); USA: Maine (JRB)

Borowiec, L. 1983: 13 ( Ostoma  ). Burakowski, B. et al. 1986: 122 ( Ostoma  )

Klausnitzer, B. 1976: 7 ( Ostoma  ). Klausnitzer, B. 1996: 155 ( Ostoma  , larva). Kolibáč, J. 1993a: 21 ( Ostoma  ). Kolibáč, J. 1993b: 90 ( Ostoma  ). Kolibáč, J. 1999b: 12 ( Ostoma  ). Kolibáč, J. 2006: 108 (larva). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366 (syn. Peltis cimicoides  DeGeer, 1774). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366 (syn. Peltis fraterna  Randall, 1838). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366 (syn. Peltis nigricans  Dalla Torre, 1879). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366 (syn. Peltis nigrina  Casey, 1916). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366 (syn. Peltis rubicunda  Laicharting, 1781). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366 (syn. Peltis septentrionalis  Randall, 1838). Krasutskii, B. V. 1996: 274 ( Ostoma  ). Lafer, G. Sh. 1992: 84 ( Ostoma  ). Mitter, H. 1998: 561 ( Ostoma  ). Nakane, T. et al. 1963: 181 ( Ostoma  ). Pileckis, S. & V. Monsevičius 1995: 272 ( Ostoma  ). Reitter, E. 1876: 62 ( Ostoma  ). Vogt, H. 1967: 17 ( Ostoma  )

Peltis gigantea  Reitter, 1882; East Siberia, Far East, Japan, China: Northeast Territory (JK)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 29 ( Ostoma  subgen. Zimioma  ). Esaki, T. et al. 1951: 1062 ( Ostoma  ). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366. Lafer, G. Sh. 1992: 84 ( Zimioma  ). Nakane, T. et al. 1963: 181 ( Zimioma  )

Peltis grossa  Linnaeus, 1758; Europe (JK)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 29 ( Ostoma  subgen. Zimioma  )

Léveillé, A. 1910: 30 (syn. Ostoma (Zimioma) lunata  Fabricius, 1787); Europe (AL)

Bahillo de la Puebla P. & López-Colón, J. I. 1999: 13 ( Zimioma  ). Sarikaya, O. & Avci, M. 2009: 129 ( Ostoma  ). Borowiec, L. 1983: 12. Burakowski, B. et al. 1986: 121 ( Zimioma  ). Cunev, J. 1999: 76. Fjellberg, A. & Hansen, S. O. 1997: 77 (biology). Karalius, S. & Monsevičius, V. 1992: 5 (distribution). Klausnitzer, B. 1976: 7 ( Zimioma  ). Klausnitzer, B. 1978: 176. Klausnitzer, B. 1996: 156 (larva). Kolibáč, J. 1993a: 21. Kolibáč, J. 1993b: 90. Kolibáč, J. 2005: 139 (redescription). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366. Krasutskii, B. V. 2006: 763 (biology). Mamaev, B. M. 1976: 1656 (larva). Mitter, H. 1998: 560 ( Zimioma  ). Pileckis, S. & Monsevičius, V. 1995: 272. Ratti, E. 1997: 178. Reitter, E. 1876: 62 ( Ostoma  ). Šablevičius, B. & Ferenca, R. 1995: 146. Svitra, G. & Aliukonis, A. 2009: 72 (distribution, biology). Vogt, H. 1967: 17 ( Zimioma  )

Peltis jakowlewi  Semenov, 1898; Russia: South European Territory (JK)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 30 ( Ostoma  subgen. Zimioma  ). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366

Peltis laminata  Wickham, 1910; USA: Colorado, Florissant; Tertiary: Lower Oligocene (JRB, varA)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 120. Ponomarenko, A. G. & Kireichuk, A. G. 2005-2008: http://www.zin.ru/animalia/Coleoptera/rus/paleosy2.htm. Schmied, H. et al. 2009: 24. Wickham, H. F. 1910: 48

Peltis minuscula  Pilton, 1935; France: Cantal; Tertiary: Upper Miocene, Messinian (varA)

Deuve, P. 1988: ii (exact reference unknown). Ponomarenko, A. G. & Kireichuk, A. G. 2005-2008: http://www.zin.ru/animalia/Coleoptera/rus/paleosy2.htm. Pilton, 1935: ii (exact reference unknown). Schmied, H. et al. 2009: 24

Peltis pippingskoeldi  Mannerheim, 1852; western states of USA, Canada: British Columbia (JRB)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 31 ( Ostoma  ). Barron, J. R. 1971: 25 ( Ostoma  ). Dajoz, R. 1997: 44 ( Ostoma  ) (biology). Reitter, E. 1876: 62 ( Ostoma  )

Peltis valida  Lewis, 1894; Japan (JK)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 30 ( Ostoma  subgen. Zimioma  ). Kolibáč, J. 2007a: 366