Hesione horsti,

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I., 2018, Revision of Hesione Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (Annelida, Errantia, Hesionidae), Zoosystema 40 (12), pp. 227-325: 263-265

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5252/zoosystema2018v40a12

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6CBF9039-7E4D-4938-909A-2DB5113C8D35

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3810262

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C17687BD-FFFD-FFD9-FE8C-FD54DB39F804

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Hesione horsti
status

n. sp.

Hesione horsti  n. sp.

( Figs 21View FIG, 22View FIG)

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:58221603-3923-4EA5-AFDF-3E05B2196059

Hesione intertexta  – Horst 1924: 192-193 (partim, non Grube, 1878).

TYPE MATERIAL. — Indonesia. Holotype, RMNH 19913View Materials, East Timor , South coast, at anchorage, RV Siboga Exped. Stat.  285 (08°39.1’S, 127°04.4’E), 34 m depth, dredge, muddy bottom and coral, 18.I.1900.GoogleMaps 

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL. — Indonesia. Four specimens, RMNH 431.4View Materials, Sulawesi, RV Siboga Exped. Stat.  205, Buton Strait, Lohio Bay , 22 m depth, dredge, sand, muddy bottom, 20.IX.1899 [15-20 mm long, 1-2 mm wide; colorless, even aciculae being honey-colored instead of blackish; integument smooth; acicular lobe single; neurochaetal blades variable in length, upper ones longer, bidentate, teeth minute, directed upwards, smaller ones in a lower position, bidentate, subdistal tooth smaller or as large as distal one, guard approaching subdistal tooth, rarely approaching distal tooth]  . — 1 specimen, RMNH 431.5View Materials, Irian Jaya, RV Siboga Exped. Stat.  273, Aru Islands (06°10’S, 134°30’E), Pearl Banks, anchorage off Pulu Jedan, 13 m depth, trawl, dredge and divers, sand and shells, 23-26.XII.1899 [23 mm long, 2 mm wide; macerated, many neurochaetal blades lost; integument smooth; acicular lobe single, tapered; neurochaetal blades bidentate, guard approaching distal tooth]GoogleMaps  . — 2 specimens, RMNH 1277View Materials, Sulawesi, RV Siboga Exped. Stat.  213, Saleyer (Selayar Island, 06°00’00”S, 120°30’00”E), anchorage, 36 m depth, coral reef expl., muddy bottom, sand, 26 Sep.1899 [27-36 mm long, 4-5 mm wide; dorsal surface rugose].GoogleMaps 

Papua New Guinea. 1 specimen, AM 48557, North side of Rasch Pass , Madang, coral substrate, 3.VII.1987, P. A. Hutchings coll. [25 mm long, 3 mm wide; complete, slightly macerated; midventral longitudinal depression reddish; anterior eyes as long as wide; pygidium granulose, reddish; acicular lobe single; blades bidentate, guard approaching distal tooth; dorsal cirrophore short; ventral cirri articulated]GoogleMaps  .

Australia. 2 specimens, AM W.2938, Great Barrier Reef Expedition, Sta. 14, Queensland, 1.2 km SE off Lizard Island , 35 m, Great Barrier Reef Expedition , 9.III.1929 [29-30 mm long, 3-4 mm wide; bent laterally, integument smooth to annulated, right parapodium of chaetiger 10 removed from 1 specimen, and right parapodium of chaetiger 3 and left one from chaetiger 14 of the other, removed for observation (kept in separate vials); anterior eyes as long as wide (set at the prostomial margin), about twice larger than posterior ones; acicular lobe single, tapered; neurochaetal blades bidentate, anterior chaetigers and upper bundle chaetae with long blades, teeth small, directed distally, others with teeth larger, directed laterally, guard approaching distal tooth]  . — 1 specimen, AM G.11250, Port Molle , Queensland, no further data [dried-out, stiff, dark gray, bent laterally, integument smooth, most tentacular and dorsal cirri lost, most chaetal blades lost, body 5 mm long, 1.2 mm wide; prostomium distorted; antennae tapered, 3-4 times as long as wide; anterior eyes marginal, as long as wide, twice larger than posterior ones; acicular lobe single, tapered; chaetal blades not seen, parapodia not dissected to avoid further damage]  . — 1 specimen, BMNH 1931.7.1.21, Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1929, N Direction Island, no further data [body slightly bent dorsally, integument smooth, some dorsal cirri lost, most without tips; right parapodia of chaetigers 8 and 9 previously removed; body 32 mm long, 3 mm wide; prostomium as long as wide; antennae tapered, 3-4 times as long as wide; anterior eyes marginal, as long as wide, twice larger than posterior ones; acicular lobe single, tapered; chaetal blades not seen, parapodia not dissected to avoid further damage]  . — 1 specimen, ZMB 5280View Materials, Hamurger SW-Australien Expedition 1905, SW Australia, Sharks Bay, 10 km S Denham, Sta. 8, 1905, Michaelsen & Hartmeyer coll. [18 mm long, 2 mm wide; slightly distorted, partially dehydrated; integument smooth, except in pygidium; antennae digitate, 4 times as long as wide, longer than interocular distance; anterior eyes as long as wide, of the same width than posterior ones; neuraciculae blackish, tapered; acicular lobe single, basally swollen, tip tapered; neurochaetae about 20 per bundle; blades bidentate, upper chaetae with smaller teeth; guard approaching distal tooth; pygidium granulose]  .

Japan. 1 specimen, NHMW 576, Enoshima, 1877, Drasche coll. [40 mm long, 5.5 mm wide; partially dehydrated; body pale brown without pigmentation pattern; pharynx exposed; antennae minute, smaller than posterior eyes diameter; acicular lobe single, massive, tips probably eroded; most neurochaetal blades broken; lateral cushions dehydrated, with longitudinal wrinkes resembling granular surface as seen in other specimens]  . — 1 specimen, SMF 11220View Materials, Boso Peninsula, Katsuura, Yoshia, subtidal rocky shore, 4.VI.1998, E. Nishi coll. [69 mm long, 7 mm wide; colorless; slightly distorted, most tentacular and dorsal cirri lost; many chaetal blades lost, right parapodia of chaetigers 2 and 9 removed for observation (kept in vial); antennae digitate as long as interocular distance, or 3-4 times as long as wide; anterior eyes larger than posterior ones; integument smooth, lateral cushions smooth, entire; acicular lobes single, blunt, basally swollen; neurochaetal blades bidentate, distal tooth larger, guards mostly eroded, approaching subdistal tooth]  . — 1 specimen, SMF 14026View Materials, Izu Peninsula, Shiduoka, Shimoda, intertidal, sandy bottom, 16.X.2002, E. Nishi coll. [32 mm long, 5.5 mm wide; colorless, most dorsal cirri and a few tentacular cirri lost; right parapodia of chaetigers 2 and 9 removed for observation (kept in vial); integument granulose; antennae digitate as long as interocular distance, or twice as long as wide; anterior eyes slightly larger than posterior ones; lateral cushions mostly smooth, entire, last three chaetigers with longitudinal ridges; acicular lobes single, blunt, basally swollen; neurochaetal blades bidentate, distal tooth larger, guards mostly eroded, approaching distal tooth]  .

New Caledonia. 3 specimens, MNHN-IA-PNT94 (formerly jar Musorstom 710), Lagoon Est, Sta. 710 (21°24.0’S, 166°02.5’E), 30 -31 m depth, 10.VIII.1986, B. Richer coll. [20-25 mm long, 3.0- 3.5 mm wide; macerated; integument smooth; body and anterior eyes unpigmented, acicular lobe single; neurochaetal blades bidentate, teeth tiny, subdistal tooth as large as distal one].GoogleMaps  1 specimen, MNHN-IA-PNT94 (formerly jar Musorstom 713), Lagoon Est, Sta. 713 (22°22.6’S, 166°00.7’E), 34-35 m depth, 11.VIII.1986 [34 mm long, 5 mm wide; complete, distorted, laterally bent, with an anteroventral dissection; anterior eyes blackish, as long as wide, twice larger than posterior, round brownish eyes; integument smooth, with longitudinal furrows; acicular lobe single; most neurochaetal blades lost, bidentate, guard approaching distal tooth, most broken; dorsal cirrophore 2-3 times as long as wide; ventral cirri irregularly wrinkled].GoogleMaps 

Indonesia. 2 specimens, BMNH 1910.3.10.6/7, Goram Island , Gorong Archipelago, Maluku Islands, Stalker coll., no further data [complete, colorful, bent ventrally specimens; pigmentation pattern resembles Grube’s illustration for H. intertexta  , including lateral darker spots; body 32-54 mm long, 4.5-5.5 mm wide; integument rugose, including lateral cushions, posterior ones with projected rounded tubercles along dorsal and lateral surfaces; right parapodium of chaetiger 7 removed for observation (kept in vial); acicular lobe single, with a swollen base; neurochaetal blades bidentate, subdistal tooth smaller, guards broken, remaining ones approaching subdistal tooth]  .

ETYMOLOGY. — This species is named after the late Dr R. Horst, from the Leiden Museum, a very productive taxonomist of polychaetes, oligochaetes, sipunculans and some other invertebrate and vertebrate groups, in recognition of his many publications of Indonesian and Siboga Expedition  polychaetes. The name is a noun in genitive ( ICZN 1999: art. 31.1.2).

DISTRIBUTION. — Southern Japan to Indonesia, Australia and New Caledonia, in mixed bottoms, 3-36 m water depth.

DIAGNOSIS. — Hesione  with prostomium laterally curved; parapodia with dorsal cirri basally cylindrical, dorsal cirrophore twice as long as wide; larger acicula pale; acicular lobe single, digitate, basally swollen, lower tine missing; neurochaetal blades bidentate, 6-12 times as long as wide; teeth subequal; guards approaching subdistal tooth. DESCRIPTION

Holotype, RMNH 19913, complete, bent laterally, subcylindrical, tapered posteriorly; prostomium whithish, integument brownish, no pigmentation pattern ( Fig. 21AView FIG) in ethanol; most tentacular and dorsal cirri broken; right parapodia of chaetigers 2, 7, 14 removed for observation (kept in vial). Body 20 mm long, 2 mm wide.

Prostomium as long as wide, anterior margin projected anteriorly, lateral margins slightly rounded, posterior margin exposed, deeply cleft along 1/3 prostomial surface, longitudinal depression indistinct ( Fig. 21BView FIG). Antennae minute, digitate, 3-4 times as long as wide. Eyes colorless, size relationship between anterior and posterior eyes unknown.

Tentacular cirri broken. Lateral cushions barely projected, most entire but some divided into two or three sections.

Parapodia with chaetal lobes tapered, truncate; dorsal cirrophores about twice as long as wide ( Fig. 21CView FIG); cirrostyle basally cylindrical, articulated, medially annulated, tips and size relationship with body width unknown. Ventral cirri smooth, barely corrugated, surpassing chaetal lobe.

Neuraciculae honey-colored, two per parapodium, thinner shorter, thicker reaching chaetal lobe margin. Acicular lobe single, digitate, swollen basally ( Fig. 21CView FIG [inset]).

Neurochaetae about 30 per bundle, blades at a certain angle from handle, blades bidentate, 6-12 times as long as wide, teeth minute, similar-sized, usually directed distally, guard approaching subdistal tooth ( Fig. 21DView FIG [insets]).

Posterior region tapered into a blunt cone ( Fig. 21EView FIG); pygidium barely swollen, anus damaged, papillae indistinct.

Pharynx not everted in holotype. Oocytes not seen.

Pigmentation

There are no records of living specimens.

REMARKS

Hesione horsti  n. sp. is unique in the genus because it has honey-colored neuraciculae, either both, or only the larger one, and its neurochaetae have guards approaching subdistal tooth, but blades are long with tiny teeth, and these blades which can be found along a few anterior chaetigers in other species, are present along all chaetigers, at least in the upper part of the chaetal bundle. The holotype was regarded as a juvenile of H. intertexta  by Horst (1924), but despite their resemblance to the juveniles of other species, which might also have paler neuraciculae, especially along a few anterior chaetigers, larger pale neuraciculae are present along the body of the holotype of H. horsti  n. sp., and its long neurochaetal blades are not restricted to anterior chaetigers.

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

AM

Australian Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Phyllodocida

Family

Hesionidae

Genus

Hesione

Loc

Hesione horsti

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I. 2018
2018
Loc

Hesione intertexta

HORST R. 1924: 192