Dragmacidon reticulatum ( Ridley & Dendy, 1886 ),

Rützler, Klaus, Piantoni, Carla, Van, Rob W. M. & Díaz, Cristina, 2014, Diversity of sponges (Porifera) from cryptic habitats on the Belize barrier reef near Carrie Bow Cay, Zootaxa 3805 (1), pp. 1-129: 70-71

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3805.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F0B7652D-6E64-44CE-9181-5A10C8D594C7

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3507851

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C23A87C6-FFF6-FF9E-FF11-F9FC1DC6FE4D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dragmacidon reticulatum ( Ridley & Dendy, 1886 )
status

 

Dragmacidon reticulatum ( Ridley & Dendy, 1886) 

Synonymy and references. Pseudaxinella lunaecharta ( Ridley & Dendy, 1886)  : Wiedenmayer (1977): 155, fig. 156, pl. 31: 7–10, pl. 32: 1–3. Pseudaxinella reticulata ( Ridley & Dendy, 1886)  : Alvarez et al. (1998): 15. Dragmacidon reticulatum ( Ridley & Dendy, 1886)  : Rützler et al. (2009): 301.

Material. USNM 1191334, off Curlew Bank, forereef cave, 20 m; C. Piantoni col. 2 Jul 2007.

External morphology. Cushion with lobes, about 5 cm total diameter. Surface finely conulose (0.5 mm conules), with conspicuous, slightly raised circular oscula, 2-3 mm in diameter. Color bright orange red in live. Skeleton structure. Plumose spicule tracts leading from substrate to surface, some interconnected, loose spicules without particular orientation in between.

Spicules. The main spiculation is made up by styles, most of them bent in the upper third (toward the round end) where they are also the thickest: 290–340 x 15–20 (323 x 18) Μm. Along with the styles occur, fewer in number, slightly bent hastate oxeas: 360–410 x 15–18 (336 x 17) Μm. A small percentage of shorter and thinner styles and oxeas (averaging 180 x 9 Μm) are probably developmental stages

Ecology. Generally found on reefs and other hard bottoms, 1–70 m, also epibiotic, overgrowing other sessile organisms, including sponges.

Distribution. From Bermuda to North Carolina, Florida, throughout the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, and to northeastern Brazil.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History