Tanzalimax seddonae , Rowson, Ben, Paustian, Megan & Goethem, Jackie Van, 2017

Rowson, Ben, Paustian, Megan & Goethem, Jackie Van, 2017, New species and records of terrestrial slugs from East Africa (Gastropoda, Urocyclidae, Veronicellidae, Agriolimacidae), ZooKeys 723, pp. 11-42: 16

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Tanzalimax seddonae

sp. n.

Tanzalimax seddonae  sp. n. Figs 15-16, 25, 39-41, 66-70


TANZANIA: Holotype RBINS.I.G. 33548/MT.3610, 1 ad., Uluguru North FR (6.93°S, 37.7°E), Uluguru Mts., Morogoro District, forest above Tegetero village, approx. 1300 m alt., leg. PT, 22 Jan. 1996 (sample IIG). Paratype 1 NMW.Z.1996.148.00041, 1 ad., data as previous but sample III.I. Paratype 2 NMW.Z.1996.148.00042, 1 juv., data as previous but sample ID.


External appearance (Figs 15-16). (In preservation). Medium-sized slug (holotype 39 mm, paratype 30 mm), body unicolourous ivory. Sole coloured as body, tripartite. Supraperipodial groove distinct. Tail long and rounded, with a blunt keel only at the end, terminating in a very distinct caudal appendage. Tail and flanks with a warty appearance. Mantle moderately sized (40% of body length) with fine granular surface; no shell pore.

Shell. Fingernail-shaped, symmetrical, 4.3 mm long, very thin, not mineralised, except for the apex.

Jaw and radula (Figs 25, 39-41). Jaw with minor median projection, 1.9 mm wide. Radula with central tooth and up to 70 lateral and marginal teeth in a half-row, in over 100 rows. Lateral teeth tricuspid, with mesocones pointed and largest; many outermost marginals with serrated outer edges.

Genitalia (Figs 66-67). Visceral cavity almost reaches tail (only the posterior 10% of body solid). No stimulator. Penial complex consisting of: stout free penis, narrow in its straight proximal part, with one (holotype) and two (paratype) volutions; epiphallus 1 a little shorter than penis; epiphallus 2 extremely short; long epiphallic caecum; pyriform calc sac. Penial retractor muscle arising from diaphragm. Internally, penis tube thick walled. No penis verge. Penis sheath thick walled, free in its proximal half, fused with penial tube in its distal half. Atrium relatively wide, with internal longitudinal folds. Vagina short, with a thick muscular wall all around, with a narrow lumen. Duct of bursa copulatrix long; bursa elongated. Oviductal gland quite voluminous. Oviductus very short and broad. Vas deferens short. Ovotestis sited posterior to albumen gland.

Spermatophores (Figs 68-70). In paratype two empty spermatophores found in the bursa entangled with a third, even more corroded one. Length +/- 11 mm. Apex pointed. Outer side of ampulla with numerous, scattered very tiny pointed nodules; interior side and apical part smooth; very short tail with two rows of very tiny hooks, not exceeding 0.03 mm.


Named in honour of Mary Seddon, in recognition of her work, encouragement and support of others in the study of East African terrestrial molluscs, and in mollusc conservation worldwide.

Distribution and habitat.

Probably endemic to forest in the Uluguru Mts., where several other endemic forest molluscs occur (e.g. Verdcourt 2006; Tattersfield and Rowson 2011).


Tanzalimax seddonae  sp. n. resembles T. tattersfieldi  sp. n. in the striking appearance of the penial complex, the penis being very muscular in both the penial tube and the penial sheath, and in the very short epiphallus 2. The vagina is also strikingly muscular. The species differs from T. tattersfieldi  sp. n. by the much smaller genital system, despite both species having a similar body length. The penis has only 1-2 volutions instead of 5 in the latter. The vagina has a muscular ring, while in the latter species it is a muscular bulb at one side. The spermatophore looks smooth at first glance, but has numerous scattered very tiny pointed nodules at the outer side of the ampulla; the very short tail has two rows of very tiny hooks. In preservation the body looks warty and is uniformly ivory coloured, lacking markings.