Brachymyrmex delabiei, Ortiz, Claudia M. & Fernandez, Fernando, 2014

Ortiz, Claudia M. & Fernandez, Fernando, 2014, Brachymyrmex species with tumuliform metathoracic spiracles: description of three new species and discussion of dimorphism in the genus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), ZooKeys 371, pp. 13-33: 23-26

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.371.6568

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B12EC093-2918-498A-A41E-6C71738692FB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/17FF8984-4DCA-48B2-BC39-0DCA9B702B8A

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:17FF8984-4DCA-48B2-BC39-0DCA9B702B8A

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Brachymyrmex delabiei
status

sp. n.

Brachymyrmex delabiei  sp. n. Figs 22-24,28

Holotype worker

(MZSP) [USNM ENT 00757718] and Paratypes 3 workers (CPDC [USNM ENT 00757719], ICN [USNM ENT 00757720], USNM [USNM ENT 00757721]): Brazil, São Paulo, Tapiraí, 24°01'55.5"S, 47°27'56"W, 08-14 Jan 2001, col. R.R. Silva & Eberhardt, Transecto 1 Winkler 23.

Additional material examined.

1 worker, Brazil, Bahia, Boa Nova, João Mata, 13 Aug 2003, cols. J.R.M. Santos & J.C.S. Carmo (CPDC) [USNM ENT 00757610]. 1 worker, Brazil, Bahia A61 Camacan, 27 Aug 1999. 15°36'04"S, 39°31'16"W, col. J.R.M. dos Santos, (CPDC) [USNM ENT 00757837]; 1 worker, Brazil, Santa Catharina, Palhoça, PE Serra do Tabuleiro, 02-10 Nov 2003, 27°44'28"S, 48°41'50"W, cols. R.R. Silva, B.H. Dietz and A. Tavares, (MZSP) [USNM ENT 00757725]; 1 worker, Brazil, São Paulo, São Bernardo do Campo, 01 Jun 1971, cols. W.L. & D.E. Brown (MCZC) [USNM ENT 00757835].

Diagnosis.

This species differs from most other Brachymyrmex  species by the presence of tumuliform metathoracic spiracles, and clypeus with five long, erect hairs arranged as follows: one central hair near to the anterior margin, usually conspicuous; one pair of lateral hairs at clypeus midlength and one pair of hairs near the toruli (see Fig. 17-18) and from Brachymyrmex brasiliensis  by its entirely smooth and shiny body. Brachymyrmex delabiei  can be diagnosed from Brachymyrmex feitosai  sp. n. (see below) by the lack of dense pubescence on the first segment of the gaster and by the presence of erect hairs on the mesosoma; two on the pronotum and two on the mesonotum.

Description

Worker.Holotype measurements (mm). HL1 0.38; HL2 0.29; HL3 0.08; HW 0.32; SL 0.32; EL 0.07; WL 0.40; PnL 0.12; PnW 0.22; ML 0.07; MW 0.13; Indices CI 83.7; SI1 102.8; SI2134.4; OI 22.2.

Paratypes measurements (mm) (n=3). HL1 0.34 - 0.41; HL2 0.22 - 0.30; HL3 0.06 - 0.09; SL 0.31 - 0.36; EL 0.07 - 0.09; WL 0.35 - 0.43; PnL 0.09 - 0.13; PnW 0.15 - 0.24; ML 0.07 - 0.12; MW 0.13 - 0.17; Indices CI 83.7 - 93; SI 97 - 119; SI2112 - 135; OI 21.05 - 26.

Additional material examined measurements (mm) (n=4). HL1 0.34 - 0.41; HL2 0.22 - 0.28; HL3 0.06 - 0.09; SL 0.31 - 0.36; EL 0.08 - 0.09; WL 0.30 - 0.43; PnL 0.10 - 0.12; PnW 0.15 - 0.20; ML 0.07 - 0.12; MW 0.15; Indices CI 88.8 - 92; SI1 97 - 100; SI271 - 78; OI 25.

Description. Head slightly longer than wide, sides slightly convex. Posterior cephalic border flat, slightly concave in the middle. Anterior clypeal margin rounded. Toruli surpassing the posterior clypeal margin (best observed in anterodorsal oblique view). Scapes surpassing the posterior margin of the head. Ocelli present. Eyes situated below the cephalic midline and well developed with 7-9 ommatidia at their maximum diameter.

Promesonotum convex in profile. Mesonotum strongly convex, rounded and separated from pronotum. Propodeum strongly convex with short dorsum. Metathoracic spiracles fully dorsal, tumuliform, bulging out of the metanotal groove in lateral view, equidistant in diameter from metanotal groove and from the propodeal folding. Propodeal spiracle round, elevated from integument on the propodeal border. Petiole short and inclined forward.

Body smooth and shiny. Dorsum of head, promesonotum, and propodeum with short appressed hairs. Scapes with suberect and subdecumbent hairs. Clypeus with five long, erect hairs arranged as follows: one central hair near to the anterior margin, usually conspicuous; one pair of lateral hairs at clypeus midlength and one pair of hairs near the toruli. Gaster with several scattered long erect hairs, without dense pubescence. Mesosoma with erect hairs, two on the pronotum and two on the mesonotum. Body yellowish.

Queen and male. Unknown.

Distribution.

Brazil: states of Bahia, Santa Catharina and São Paulo.

Etymology.

We are pleased to name this ant in honor of Dr Jacques Delabie (CPDC) for his contribution to ant taxonomy and biology and his unconditional support for many ant biologists working in the Neotropics.

Remarks.

The type specimens from São Paulo at Tapiraí [USNM ENT 00757718 - 00757722] were collected in a pristine region of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest (R.M. Feitosa, pers. comm.). Habitat information is lacking for the other specimens.