Chonocephalus fletcheri Schmitz, 1912

Disney, R. H. L., 2008, Review of Neotropical Chonocephalus Wandolleck (Diptera: Phoridae), Zootaxa 1772 (1), pp. 1-54 : 18

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1772.1.1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5124043

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/C36887E2-8734-FF99-AD94-FB48FD8BF85A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Chonocephalus fletcheri Schmitz
status

 

Chonocephalus fletcheri Schmitz

( Figs 49–53 View FIGURES 49–51 View FIGURES 52–53 )

Chonocephalus fletcheri Schmitz, 1912: 728 . Lectotype female, Bangladesh ( Eastern Bengal ): Chaumashani, 6 December 1911, inside a rice stem, T. B. Fletcher (MKB) [Examined].

Chonocephalus laetus Borgmeier, 1963: 251 (male and female). Disney, 2002: 20.

This species has been transported across the world by man, and now occurs in the Afrotropical, Nearctic, Neotropical and Oriental regions. In the Nearctic Region it extends from Florida to Canada and in the Afrotropical Region it is abundant in Arabia ( Disney, 2006).

Material. 1 male, Cuba, Guantanamo Bay Naval Base , 8–19 February 1965, light trap ( USNM) . 3 males, Jamaica, Montego Bay , March 1963, wind trap, J. B. Davies ( USNM) ; 4 females, ex cocoon mass of Apanteles flavipes (Cameron) , leg. B. Pitkin ( CUMZ) . 3 males, 1 male, St Kitts, Basseterre , coastal, flight interception trap, 8–31 July 1985, L. D. Coote ( LACM, 26-68) . 1 female, Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, July 1980, in semidried coffee imported from Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) ( USNM, misidentified as C. mexicanus ) . 1 male, Trinidad, St Augustine , July 1994, E. G. Hancock ( CUMZ, 4-97) .

Natural history. A series collected at turmeric ( Curcuma longa L., Zingiberaceae ) infested with larval Dichocrocis punctiferalis (Guenée) ( Lepidoptera , Pyralidae ) were possibly attracted to diseased or moribund caterpillars. Likewise a series reared from a cocoon mass of Apanteles flavipes (Cameron) ( Braconidae ) were probably feeding on moribund pupae. Some females caught on the edible paddy straw mushrooms Volvariella (Plutaceae) were probably ovipositing on over ripe sporophores. Borgmeier (1963) reported this species reared from an Easter Lily ‘bulla’ (= bulb) and from the diseased hearts of Cocos nucifera L A series from Canada was reared from a rotting bulb.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CUMZ

Cameroon University, Museum of Zoology

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Phoridae

Genus

Chonocephalus

Loc

Chonocephalus fletcheri Schmitz

Disney, R. H. L. 2008
2008
Loc

Chonocephalus laetus

Disney, R. H. L. 2002: 20
Borgmeier, T. 1963: 251
1963