Heterospilus parvus Marsh

Marsh, Paul M., Wild, Alexander L. & Whitfield, James B., 2013, The Doryctinae (Braconidae) of Costa Rica: genera and species of the tribe Heterospilini, ZooKeys 347, pp. 1-474: 389-391

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.347.6002

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:52232D18-DD78-4A84-882C-ACA428B4A9D2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7A7BD095-C4CE-446D-8B53-14DFD847CE11

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:7A7BD095-C4CE-446D-8B53-14DFD847CE11

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Heterospilus parvus Marsh
status

sp. n.

Heterospilus parvus Marsh  sp. n. Figures 266, 267

Female.

Body size: 1.5-2.0 mm. Color: head and mesosoma light to medium brown, metasomal terga 1 and 2 usually yellow, terga 3-7 usually light brown, metasoma rarely entirely yellow; scape yellow without lateral brown stripe; flagellum brown, basal flagellomeres sometimes yellow; wing veins including stigma brown; legs yellow. Head: vertex smooth; frons smooth; face smooth; temple in dorsal view narrow but sloping behind eye, width equal to 1/2 eye width; malar space greater than 1/4 eye height; ocell-ocular distance greater than 2.5 times diameter of lateral ocellus; 14-17 flagellomeres. Mesosoma: mesoscutal lobes granulate; notauli scrobiculate, meeting at scutellum in triangular rugose area; scutellum weakly granulate or smooth; prescutellar furrow with 1 cross carina; mesopleuron granulate; precoxal sulcus smooth, shorter than mesopleuron, often with weak striae extending to posterior margin of mesopleuron; venter granulate; propodeum with basal median areas margined, granulate, basal median carina present and very short, rarely absent so areola meets basal margin of propodeum, areola not distinctly margined, areolar area rugose, lateral areas entirely rugose. Wings: fore wing vein r equal to or slightly shorter than vein 3RSa, vein 1cu-a interstitial with vein 1M; hind wing vein SC+R absent, vein M+CU shorter than vein 1M. Metasoma: first tergum weakly longitudinally costate, length equal to apical width; second tergum weakly longitudinally costate; anterior transverse groove present, straight; posterior transverse groove present; third tergum entirely smooth; terga 4-7 smooth; ovipositor equal to length of metasomal terga 1 and 2 combined.

Holotype female.

Top label (white, partially printed and hand written) - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa National Pk. [;] 300m, Malaise, Ian Gauld [;] 31. i– 21.ii.1987; second label (white, partially printed and hand written) - Bosque Humedo [;] Mature dry forest [;] high proportion [;] Evergreen species [;] Sun; third label (white, printed) - BH-9-O [;] 31. i– 21.ii.87; fourth label (red, partially printed and hand written) - HOLOTYPE [;] Heterospilus [;] parvus [;] P. Marsh. Deposited in ESUW.

Paratypes.

19 ♀♀, same data as holotype with additional dates of 31. i– 4.ii.1987 and 10-31.i.1987 (ESUW). 6 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: BH-11-O [;] Dates: 8. ii– 2.iii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 4 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: BH-9-O [;] Dates: 20.xi.86-10.i.1987 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 5 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: BH-11-O or blank [;] Dates: 18. i– 8.ii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: blank [;] Dates: 28.xii.85-18.i.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: blank [;] Dates: 2-23.iii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: BH-10-C [;] Dates: 16. xi– 7.xii.1985 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: BH-12-C [;] Dates: 18. i– 8.ii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: BH-12-C [;] Dates: 16. xi– 7.xii.1985 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: blank [;] Dates: 14. vi– 5.vii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: BH-10-C [;] Dates: 8. ii– 2.iii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: blank [;] Dates: 7-28.xii.1985 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: BH-9-O [;] Dates: 2-23.iii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: blank [;] Dates: 31. i– 21.ii.1987 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: 8 [;] Dates: 23. iii– 13.iv.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 3 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: blank [;] Dates: 18. i– 8.ii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: 6 [;] Dates: 8-26.x.1985 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: SE-6-C [;] Dates: 20.xii.86-10.i.1987 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: H-3-O [;] Dates: 10-31.i.1987 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [H] open regenerating woodland <10 years old [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: blank [;] Dates: 10-31.i.1987 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [H] open regenerating woodland <10 years old [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: SE-5-O [;] Dates: 31. i– 21.ii.1987 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: SE-7-O [;] Dates: 7-28.xii.1985 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: SE-5-O [;] Dates: 26.vii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: SE-7-O [;] Dates: 10-31.i.1987 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: blank [;] Dates: 29. xi– 20.xii.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 1 ♀, top label - Costa Rica: Guanacaste, Santa [;] Rosa Nat’l Park, Bosque San [;] Emilio, trap #5 in clearing, 300m. [;] XII/28/85-I/18/1986, I. Gauld; second label - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day (ESUW). 1 ♀ Costa Rica: Guanacaste Pr. [;] Guanacaste National Park [;] near Headquarters [;] 1-10 March 1990, J.S. Noyes (ESUW). 3 ♀♀, COSTA RICA: [;] San Jose [;] Ciudad Colon, 800m [;] xii 1990 and iv-v 1990, Luis Fournier (ESUW). 1 ♀, COSTA RICA: Alajuela [;] San Pedro de la [;] Tigra Cacao, 200m [;] I-II 1990 R, Cespedes (ESUW). 1♀, Costa Rica, Carthago Pr. [;] Dulce Nombre, Vivero [;] Linda Vista, 1300m [;] 1993: viii-x, P. Hanson (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, COSTA RICA: Puntar [;] Golfo Dulce 3km SW [;] Rincon [;] 10m, xii 1989-iii 1990 [;] Col. Paul Hanson (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, Costa Rica: Puntarenas [;] Pen. Osa, Puerto Jimenez [;] 10m, August 1991, full sun, [;] grassy & weedy site [;] P. Hanson, ex. Malaise (ESUW). 1 ♀, COSTA RICA, SanJosé [;] Ciudad Colón, 800m [;] Hdq. Rodeo, 14.ix.91 [;] col. Paul Hanson (MICR). 1 ♀, COSTA RICA, SanJosé [;] Ciudad Colón, 800m [;] II 1990 [;] Col. Luis Fournier (MICR). 8 ♀♀, S.RosaPark, Guan. [;] C. Rica various dates 4 Dec., 76 to 8 Jan 78 [;] D.H. Janzen [;] Dry Hill and Riparian (AEIC).

Comments.

The small size, yellow metasomal terga 1 and 2 and brown flagellum are distinctive for this species.

Etymology.

The specific name is from the Latin parvus, meaning little, in reference to the small size of this species.