Picobia ochoi, Glowska, Eliza & Milensky, Christopher M., 2014

Glowska, Eliza & Milensky, Christopher M., 2014, New species of the genus Picobia (Cheyletoidea: Syringophilidae) parasitizing tyrannid birds (Passeriformes: Tyrannidae), Zootaxa 3821 (3), pp. 373-383: 374-377

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3821.3.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E3F86DF9-B80E-43AE-B816-AAC7B787FD0F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3500010

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C42B87E2-FF83-FFDA-FF0D-FD22992EFA6A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Picobia ochoi
status

sp. nov.

Picobia ochoi  sp. nov.

( Figs. 1 –8View FIGURES 1 – 4View FIGURES 5 – 8, 18View FIGURES 17 – 20, 22View FIGURES 21 – 24)

NON-PHYSOGASTRIC FEMALE (holotype, Figs. 1 –4View FIGURES 1 – 4, 18View FIGURES 17 – 20). Total body length 570 (605–630 in 3 paratypes). Gnathosoma  . Hypostomal apex tapering ( Fig. 3View FIGURES 1 – 4). Infracapitulum punctate. Each medial branch of peritremes with 6–7 chambers, each lateral branch with about 5 chambers (borders between chambers poorly visible) ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 1 – 4). Stylophore rounded posteriorly, 170 (165–170) long, punctate in anterior part. Idiosoma  . Propodonotal shield represented by 2 narrow punctate sclerites bearing bases of setae ve and si. Setae ve bases situated anterior to bases of setae vi. Length ratio of setae vi: ve: si 1: 1–1.2: 6.8–10. Bases of setae c 1 and se situated at same transverse level. Hysteronotal shield absent. Setae d 1 bases situated closer to setae d 2 than e 2 bases. Length ratio of setae d 1: d 2: e 2 1: 1: 1.2–1.4. Pygidial shield strongly sclerotized, double-leaf, covered with pygidial lobes ended flounce-like outgrowths, densely punctate. Bases of setae f 1 covered by lobes, f 2 situated beyond lobes ( Figs. 18View FIGURES 17 – 20, 22View FIGURES 21 – 24). Lengths ratios of setae f 1: f 2 1: 1–1.2, h 1: h 2 1: 4.8–6.5, f 1: h 1 1.8: 1, f 2: h 2 1: 2.2–2.4. Aggenital setae ag 1 situated anterior to ag 2, ag 2 anterior to ag 3. Length ratio of ag 1: ag 2: ag 3 1.6–1.9: 1: 1.4–1.8. Pseudanal setae ps 1: ps 2 subequal in length. Setae g filiform, situated on triangular outgrowths of genital lobes. Legs. All coxal fields strongly sclerotized, punctate. Setae 3 c 7.2 times longer than 3 b. Antaxial and paraxial members of claws pair III and IV unequal in size and shape. Setae tc’ and tc” III –IV subequal in length. Lengths of setae: vi 20 (20–25), ve 20 (20–30), si 180 (170–195), c 2 (215–220), se 220 (230–250), c 1 220 (230), d 2 (205–235), d 1 205 (235), e 2 170 (170), f 1 90 (95), f 2 110 (95–115), h 1 50 (40), h 2 240 (260–280), ag 1 160 (170), ag 2 85 (70–105), ag 3 155 (145–175), g 1 70 (75), ps 1 30, ps 2 30, tc’ 70, tc” 70, lR’III 30 (30), lR’IV 35 (30), 3 b 20, 3c 145, 4b 45, 4c 170. PHYSOGASTRIC FEMALE ( Figs. 5 –8View FIGURES 5 – 8, 1View FIGURES 1 – 4 paratype). Body worm-shaped, 980 long, other characters of body and legs as in non-physogastric form.

MALE: Unknown.

Type material. Female holotype and 3 female paratypes (2 non-physogastric and 1 physogastric) from quills of body feathers of Tolmomyias sulphurescens (Spix)  ( USNM 639149) ( Passeriformes  : Tyrannidae  ), GUYANA: Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Paruima, ca. 19 km N, at Mt. Holitipu, 18 February 2007, coll. C.M. Milensky (mites sampled by E. Glowska).

Material deposition. Holotype female and 1 female paratype are deposited in the USNM, 2 female paratypes in the Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland (AMU).

Etymology. This new species is named in honor of the prominent acarologist, Dr. Ronald Ochoa.

Differential diagnosis. Picobia ochoi  sp. nov. is most similar to P. s ay o r n i s Glowska, 2014 described from the Black Phoebe Sayornis  nigricans (Swainson) ( Passeriformes  : Tyrannidae  ) from Peru (Glowska 2014). In females of both species, each medial branch of the peritremes has 6–7 chambers and the borders between chambers of the lateral branches are poorly visible, the stylophore is rounded posteriorly, and punctate in anterior part, the propodonotal shield is represented by two punctate, narrow sclerites bearing bases of setae ve and si, setae ve bases are situated anterior to vi, and the pygidial shield is double-leaf covered with lobes. Females of P. ochoi  differ from P. s a y or ni s by the distal edge of the pygidial lobes flounce-like ( Figs. 18View FIGURES 17 – 20, 22View FIGURES 21 – 24) and by the lengths of setae vi 20–25, ve 20–30, c 2 215–220, se 220–250, e 2 170, f 1 90–95, ag 1 160 –170, 3c 145, 4c 170. Females of P. sayor  ni s have the pygidial lobes bearing 2-4 small, blunt-ended protuberances ( Figs. 17View FIGURES 17 – 20, 21View FIGURES 21 – 24) and the setal lengths: vi 30–35, ve 40–45, c 2 165–180, se 185–190, e 2 130–135, f 1 65, ag 1 100, 3c 90 –95, 4c 105.

TABLE. 1. Quill mites species (Cheyletoidea: Syringophilidae  ) parasitizing tyrannid birds ( Passeriformes  : Tyrannidae  ).

Mite species Host species Distribution References

Picobia myiopagi  sp. nov. Myiopagis gaimardii (Orbigny)  Guyana present paper M. subplacens (Sclater)  Peru p. p.

Elaenia ruficeps Pelzeln  Guyana p. p. 

ochoi sp. nov. Tolmomyias sulphurescens (Spix)  Guyana p. p. 

sayornis Glowska, 2014 Sayornis  nigricans (Swainson) Peru Glowska 2014

schmidti  sp. nov. Lophotriccus pileatus (Tschudi)  Peru p. p.

Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer (Orbigny & Lafresnaye)  Guyana p. p.

Syringophilopsis empidonax Skoracki  , Empidonax hammondii  (Xantus de Vesey) USA Skoracki et al. 2008

Flannery and Spicer, 2008

E. wrightii Baird  USA Skoracki et al. 2008

tyranni Bochkov and Galloway, 2004 Tyrannus tyrannus  (L.) Canada Bochkov & Galloway 2004

T. verticalis Say  USA Skoracki et al. 2008 Myiarchus cinerascens (Lawrence)  USA Skoracki et al. 2008 M. crinitus  (L.) USA Skoracki et al. 2008 Myiopagis subplacens (Sclater)  Peru Glowska 2014

szeffleri Glowska, 2014 Lophotriccus pileatus (Tschudi)  Peru Glowska 2014

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History