Wasmannia affinis Santschi,

Longino, J. T. & Fernández, F., 2007, Taxonomic review of the genus Wasmannia., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 271-289: 276

publication ID

21284

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C78544AE-59A1-018F-9ADD-E297947D8205

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Wasmannia affinis Santschi
status

 

Wasmannia affinis Santschi  HNS 

Wasmannia affinis Santschi  HNS  , 1929: 300, fig. 25, 26. Holotype worker: Brazil, Parana, Rio Negro (Reichensperger) [ NHMB] (examined)  .

Wasmannia sigmoidea Mayr  HNS  (part): Mayr, 1887: 622.

Taxonomic comments

Wasmannia affinis  HNS  and lutzi  HNS  are two related species from southeastern Brazil. They share a unique development of the antennal scrobe. The scrobe is very broad, forming a flat surface that extends from the frontal carinae to the side of the head. The side of the head is somewhat angular posterior to the eye. The preocular carina is faint and does not form the ventral border of the scrobe. In contrast, all other species of Wasmannia  HNS  have a more narrow scrobe that does not reach the side of the head in full face view. The ventral margin of the scrobe is limited by the preocular carina or, in cases where the carina is faint or absent, where it would be if it extended posterior to the eye. The side of the head behind the eye is rounded. The expanded scrobe is also present in the queen of lutzi  HNS  , resulting in a strongly trapezoidal head shape, such that the head is broader behind the eyes than across them. Wasmannia affinis  HNS  differs from lutzi  HNS  in (1) the propodeal spines are shorter, and (2) in dorsal view, the postpetiole is elliptical with rounded sides, and the widest point is at or behind the midlength.

Mayr described W. sigmoidea  HNS  in 1884, based on specimens from Cayenne (see below). Later (Mayr, 1887) he identified a series of specimens from Santa Catarina state in Brazil as W. sigmoidea  HNS  . One of us (JTL) examined these Santa Catarina specimens (they have a variety of labels, some indicating they are from Santa Catarina and collected by Hechko, some just saying “ Brazil 188, ” and some erroneously labeled as types of sigmoidea  HNS  ). The workers in the series are all very uniform and we suspect they are from a single original collection. These workers are not sigmoidea  HNS  , but instead match the holotype of Santschi ’ s affinis  HNS  .

In addition to the material above, we have examined three collections from Santa Catarina and Sao Paulo states in Brazil.

NHMB

Switzerland, Basel, Naturhistorisches Museum

NHMB

Switzerland, Basel, Naturhistorisches Museum

NHMB

Switzerland, Basel, Naturhistorisches Museum

NHMB

Switzerland, Basel, Naturhistorisches Museum