Dolichogenidea genuarnunezi Fernandez-Triana & Boudreault

Fernandez-Triana, Jose, Boudreault, Caroline, Dapkey, Tanya, Alex Smith, M., Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2019, A revision of Dolichogenidea (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae) with the second mediotergite broadly rectangular from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, Costa Rica, ZooKeys 835, pp. 87-123: 87

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.835.33440

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:94548DD2-704E-459E-AD8C-48AE35D9EEA5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6713B1B1-1337-4F01-A2EF-BC9F1FF5B1FC

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:6713B1B1-1337-4F01-A2EF-BC9F1FF5B1FC

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Dolichogenidea genuarnunezi Fernandez-Triana & Boudreault
status

sp. n.

Dolichogenidea genuarnunezi Fernandez-Triana & Boudreault  sp. n. Figs 4 A–F; 13A

Holotype.

Female, Costa Rica, CNC.

Holotype voucher code.

DHJPAR0050092.

Holotype locality.

Rio Blanco Abajo, 500 m, 10.90037N, - 85.37254W, Sector San Cristobal, ACG, Alajuela province, Costa Rica.

Holotype verbatim labels.

COSTA RICA: Alajuela, ACG, / Sector San Cristobal, / Rio Blanco Abajo, 500 m, / 10.90037N, - 85.37254W, / 09/22/2012 / DHJPAR0050092.

Diagnosis.

Dolichogenidea genuarnunezi  can be recognized by its mesofemur mostly dark brown, comparatively narrower T1 (T1 L medially more than 2.0 × T1 posterior W), relatively more quadrate T2 (T2 posterior W 1.6 × T2 L medially) and host being Depressariidae  . The mesofemur color would separate this species from D. alejandromasisi  and D. rogerblancoi  . However, D. genuarnunezi  is very similar to D. yeimycedenoae  , with only slight differences in pterostigma L/W ratio, as well as proportions of posterior ocellar line, lateral ocellus diameter and ocular ocellar line (see key above for details). The variation of those characters is very small, to the point that both species are very similar morphologically. However, they parasitize different host species, and also differ significantly molecularly (available DNA barcodes are 4.54% different). Additionally, the two species have been found at different altitudes.

Description.

Body color: head and mesosoma black, metasoma black to dark brown; palpi, metatibial spines, tegula and most of humeral complex white-yellow; legs mostly orange-yellow, except for mesofemur and metafemur mostly brown, and apical 0.1-0.2 of metatibia and metatarsus brown; wing venation mostly white or transparent, except for fore wing veins R1, r, 2RS and 2M which are brown, pterostigma mostly brown but with small light spot at base. Anteromesoscutum mostly with setae and sculptured with punctures that do not fuse with each other; scutoscutellar sulcus relatively wide and with relatively deep crenulae; scutellar disc smooth and unsculptured, with isolated setae; propodeum mostly setose and with scattered punctures; propodeum areola partially defined on posterior half by longitudinal carinae, transverse carinae partially defined; T1 mostly smooth, with shallow and sparse punctures along lateral margins; T2+ smooth. Body Length: 3.78. Fore wing L: 3.44. Ovipositor sheaths L: 2.74. F1 L: 0.27. F2 L: 0.28. F2 W: 0.09. F3 L: 0.28. F14 L: 0.13. F14 W: 0.07. F15 L: 0.12. F16 L: 0.15. Head height: 0.58. Head width: 0.77. Eye height: 0.39. Malar distance: 0.10. Mandible W: 0.10. Ocular ocellar line: 0.14. Posterior ocellar line: 0.12. Lateral ocellar line: 0.08. Scutellar disc L: 0.36. Scutellar disc W at anterior margin: 0.31. T1 L: 0.62. T1 W at anterior margin: 0.29. T1 W at posterior margin: 0.25. T1 maximum width: 0.32. T2 L: 0.21. T2 W at anterior margin: 0.22. T2 W at posterior margin: 0.33. Metafemur L: 0.96. Metafemur W: 0.26. Metatibia L: 1.22. Metatibial inner spur L: 0.32. Metatibial outer spur L: 0.20. Metatarsus first segment L: 0.64. Pterostigma L: 0.73. Pterostigma W: 0.24. Fore wing vein R1 L: 0.85. Fore wing vein r L: 0.27. Fore wing vein 2RS L: 0.22.

Biology.

Reared from Antaeotricha phaeoneura  (Meyrick, 1913) ( Depressariidae  ). This is the only species of Dolichogenidea  known to parasitize that species of caterpillar in ACG, with one record out of 25 rearings.

Distribution.

Costa Rica, ACG, Sector San Cristobal, 500m. Rain forest ecosystem.

Molecular data.

This species is represented in BOLD by one sequence belonging to BINBOLD:ACC1300.

Etymology.

Dolichogenidea genuarnunezi  is dedicated to Genuar Roman Núñez Vega of Guadalupe, Costa Rica, in recognition of his dedication to supporting BioAlfa to render Costa Rica bioliterate, constructing CONAGEBIO as a biodiversity biodevelopment-friendly government agency, and constructing Costa Rica’s Biodiversity Clearing House for COP14 of the Convention for Biological Diversity in October 2018.