Pseudomyrmex boopis (Roger 1863b)

Ward, Philip S., 1993, Systematic studies on Pseudomyrmex acacia-ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Pseudomyrmecinae), Journal of Hymenoptera Research 2, pp. 117-168: 154-155

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.10150

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:80669360-1DB2-4B74-9F4B-99DD3E7EBBFA

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3512878

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/CB74733A-BB12-049E-1331-3E2140923065

treatment provided by

Donat

scientific name

Pseudomyrmex boopis (Roger 1863b)
status

 

Pseudomyrmex boopis (Roger 1863b) 

(Fig. 1)

Pseudomyrma modesta F. Smith 1862:32  . Holotype (unique syntype) worker, Panama (Stretch) ( BMNH) [Examined], [Preoccupied by P. modesta F. Smith 1860  = Tetraponera modesta (F. Smith)  .] 

Pseudomyrma boopis Roger 1863b:25  . Replacement name for Pseudomyrma modesta  .

Pseudomyrma thoracica Norton 1868b:8  . Syntype workers, Cordova , Mexico (Sumichrast) [Not examined; see comments below], Syn. nov. 

Pseudomyrma excavata Mayr 1870:410  . Syntype workers, " N. Granada " ( BMNH,  MHNG,  NHMV) [Examined] [Synonymy by Kempf 

Pseudomyrma excavata var. flaviventris Emery 1896:2  . Syntype workers, Darien , Panama (Festa) ( MCSN,  MHNG) [Examined] [Synonymy by Kempf 1960:22]  ,

Pseudomyrma excavata var. fusciceps Santschi 1931:271  . Two syntype workers, France Field , Panama (A. Bierig) ( NHMB) [Examined] [Synonymy by Kempf 1960:22]  ,

Pseudomyrma spinicola subsp. modesta F. Smith  ; Wheeler 1942:105.

Pseudomyrma tenuis var. guatemalensis Enzmann 1945:92  . Holotype worker, Escuintla , Guatemala [Not examined] [Synonymy by Kempf 1960:22]  ,

Pseudomyrmex boopis (Roger)  ; Kempf 1967:2.

Worker diagnosis. - Medium-sized species ( HW 1.16-1.29) in the P. tenuis  group, with a broad head (Cl 0.92-1.02), tectiform and laterally rounded median clypeal lobe, large eyes ( REL ≈0.66), and laterally marginate pronotum. Mesosoma arched and angular in profile; petiole short, high and thin, laterally marginate, with a gently ascending anterodorsal face which rounds into a much steeper (almost vertical) posterior face (Fig. 1). Standing pilosity sparse, lacking on the mesonotum, propodeum, and petiole. Color highly variable, ranging from light testaceous brown to bicolored orange and black (usually with the gaster and pronotum lightest in color) to dark brown.

Taxonomic comments. - For a more detailed description of this species see Kempf (1960:23). I have synonymized P. thoracicus (Norton)  under P. boopis  on the basis of Norton’s (1868b) original description and the biological notes of Sumichrast in Norton (1868a). In combination these clearly suggest P. boopis  rather than any other Pseudomyrmex  known to occur in southern Mexico. Although the type material of P. thoracicus  is presumably lost, additional indirect evidence of its identity can be found in Gustav Mayr’s collection in Vienna ( NHMV) where there is a P. boopis  worker from Colombia ( “Neugranada”) identified by Mayr as " P. thoracica Norton  ". This take son added significance when it is realized that Mayr was apparently the recipient of some of Norton’s material. During a brief visit to NHMV I noted specimens of several species, including P. ferrugineus,P. peperi,P. elongatulus (Dalla Torre)  and P. brunneus (F. Smith)  (although unfortunately not P. boopis  ), labelled "Mex. Norton" or "N. Am./ Norton".

Distribution and biology. - P. boopis  occurs in rainforest and tropical moist forest from southern Mexico to Ecuador, Venezuela and northern Brazil. This species is less arboreal than most Pseudomyrmex  , and nests typically in rotten wood on or near the ground. The type specimen of P. boopis  came from a nest in a swollen-thom acacia (Smith 1862:33), however, and Janzen found colonies in thorns of Acacia melanoceras View Cited Treatment   seedlings in Panama.

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

NHMV

NHMV

MCSN

Italy, Genova, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "Giacomo Doria"

NHMB

Switzerland, Basel, Naturhistorisches Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Pseudomyrmex

Loc

Pseudomyrmex boopis (Roger 1863b)

Ward, Philip S. 1993
1993
Loc

Pseudomyrma tenuis var. guatemalensis

Enzmann 1945: 92
1945
Loc

Pseudomyrma excavata var. fusciceps

Santschi 1931: 271
1931
Loc

Pseudomyrma excavata var. flaviventris

Emery 1896: 2
1896
Loc

Pseudomyrma excavata

Mayr 1870: 410
1870
Loc

Pseudomyrma thoracica

Norton 1868: 8
1868
Loc

Pseudomyrma boopis

Roger 1863: 25
1863
Loc

Pseudomyrma modesta

F. Smith 1862: 32
1862
Loc

P. modesta

F. Smith 1860
1860
Loc

Pseudomyrma modesta

F. Smith 1860
1860