Swertia chirayita (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex C.B.Clarke

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 94

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.102.24380

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/CC0A84A5-F139-8893-E23F-00455035C1E5

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Swertia chirayita (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex C.B.Clarke
status

 

Swertia chirayita (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex C.B.Clarke 

Names.

English: bitter stick, clearing nut tree, Indian gentian.

Range.

Eastern Asia - Himalayas.

Uses.

A bitter. Plant [part(s) not given] used as an aperient and as a tonic. Dried plant imported to Indo-China and Malaya where it is used as a febrifuge. Used with success in a majority of fevers, especially typhoid.

Notes.

In India the whole plant is used as a bitter, stomachic, anthelmintic, febrifuge, as well as for malarial fever, asthma, and liver disorders. Also taken with sandalwood in a paste to heal internal hemorrhage of stomach. A decoction of the root (with root of Acorus calamus  ) is used as a remedy for intermittent fever, leprosy, leucoderma, scabies and other skin diseases. An unspecified plant part is used for gravel in urine, atrophy, bronchitis, consumption, gonorrhea, bleeding gums, emaciation, puerperal fever, and also cooling, and curing thirst, biliousness, and inflammation ( Jain and DeFilipps 1991).

Reported constituents include chiratin, chiratogenin, ophelic acid, resin, and tannin ( Perry 1980).

Reference.

Perry (1980).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

ORDO

Family

FAMILIA

Genus

Swertia