Neopronematus kamalii Darbemamieh and Hajiqanbar

Darbemamieh, Maryam, Hajiqanbar, Hamidreza, Khanjani, Mohammad & Kaźmierski, Andrzej, 2015, New species and records of Neopronematus (Acari: Iolinidae) from Iran with a key to world species, Zootaxa 3990 (2), pp. 235-246: 236-243

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3990.2.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5EAE7A21-065C-4125-A06F-A865803E6E22

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5659738

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D04BE80A-AB67-FFA8-FF6F-F9A6FD6AFA1C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Neopronematus kamalii Darbemamieh and Hajiqanbar
status

sp. nov.

Neopronematus kamalii Darbemamieh and Hajiqanbar   sp. nov.

( Figs. 1–3 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 )

Type locality and habitat. Iran, Kermanshah, Sechek, Apricot leaves, 20. 0 6. 2011, 34̊ 21 ̍0 1.76 ̎N, 47 ̊ 18 ̍0 1.38 ̎E, H: 1380 m, Collector: M. Darbemamieh.

Etymology. This species is named in honor of Prof. Karim Kamali, the eminent Iranian Acarologist.

Type repository. Holotype female and two paratype females deposited at the Acarological collection, Department of Agricultural Entomology, Tarbiat Modares University (Tehran, Iran).

Diagnosis. N. kamalii   sp. nov. can be distinguished by its long and serrate dorsal idiosomal setae, bifurcate ag 3, ωI (4) six times shorter than tarsus length (25), ag 1 (10) longer than ag 4 (7), φ the same length as κ (2.5 Μm), palp tarsus (10–11) much shorter than stiletto (17.5–18). Diagnostic features of females are also provided in Table 1 View TABLE 1 .

N. kamalii   sp. nov. N. solani   N. sepasgosariani   N. lundqvisti   N. neglectus   Description. Female, chaetotaxy of idiosoma and appendages typical for the genus ( Panou et al., 2000, p: 322).

Idiosoma: Body oval, yellowish. Holotype female ( Figs 1–3 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 ): Length 224 (220–235), width 160 (151–172), body proportion index (without gnathosoma) 1.4.

Dorsal side completely striated. Striation of prodorsum longitudinal as well as between c and d, transverse between e and between f 1 setae. Curved striation between setae f 2 and reverse V type between h 1. Eyes absent. All dorsal setae narrow, spindle-like, minutely serrate, relatively long. Length of setae: bo 31 (31–32), ro 18, la 18, ex 22, c 1 19, c 2 19, d 1 20, e 1 22, f 1 21, f 2 27, h 1 20, ps 1 25. Distance between setae: ro -ro 24, la -la 43, bo -bo 40, c 1 - c 1 50, d 1 -d 1 44, e 1 - e 1 40, f 1 -f 1 18. Ratios: c 1 / c 1 -c 1 0.36, c 1 -d 1 52, d 1 / d 1 -d 1 0.45, d 1 - e 1 28, d 1 / d 1 - e 1 0.7, length of idiosoma/ c 1 11.8, ratio idiosoma/ ro 12.5, ex / ro, la 1.2. Ventrally situated ps 3 11.5. Setae d 1 not reaching to bases of e 1. Setae e 1 not reaching to bases of f 2. Lyrifissure ia located between setae c 1 and d 1, slightly laterally to line connecting bases of these setae. Lyrifissure im situated close to e 1, anterolaterally. Lyrifissure ip located close to f 2, anterolaterally. Lyrifissure ih located posteroventrally. Caudal region visible at opisthosomal tip. Setae d 1 shorter than distance between d 1 and e 1. Setae e 1 not reaching to bases of f 2 ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 ).

Venter delicately striated. Ventral striation longitudinal between metasternals, round ag 3 and turn after ag 4. Ventral setae similar in shape to dorsal setae, serrate but smaller and thinner. Genital opening in form of inverted “T”. Four pairs of aggenital setae, ag 1 longest, ag 3 minute and forked. Setal lengths: ag 1 10, ag 2 9, ag 3 5 (bifurcate), ag 4 7. No genital and eugenital setae, mtβ = 4 a 9, 4b 18, mtα = 3 a 10, 3b 20, 3c 18, 3d 19, pt 9, 2a 19, 1b 19, 1c 15. A small lobe visible at end of body ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ).

Gnathosoma: Visible from above. Indiscernible traces of fixed digit smaller than stiletto ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A). Cheliceral stiletto (17.5–18) longer than palpal tarsus (10–11) ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 B). Subcapitulum with longitudinal striation, Sc 1 5, Sc 2 9 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 C). Palps terminate with straight eupathidium (pζ), slightly broadened and forked distally, 6 long. Palpal setation (5 +ω- 1-2). Palpal femoro-genu length/ width 20 / 9.7 ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 D).

Legs. Setation (tarsus to trochanter): I: 8 + ω - 3 + κ + φ - 3 - 3 - 1 ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A,B), II: 6 + ω - 2-3 - 3 - 1 ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 C), III: 5 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 A), IV: 5 - 2 - 1-2 -0( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 B). Femur IV not divided. Epimeral formula: 3 - 1-4 - 2. Tarsus apotele I absent ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A). Tarsus I with three pairs of long setae (fastigials, tectals and prorals), small, club-like solenidion and pair of extremely small, vestigial unguinal setae on ventral side, closely associated with bases of prorals, u" bifurcate ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 B). Measurements: tarsus I length/width: 25 / 10, ft’ 16, ft”ζ 28, tc’ζ 15, tc”ζ 28, p’ζ 19, p”ζ 28, (u) 1.5, ωI 4. Solenidion ωI six times shorter than tarsus (sol ωI / half-length of tarsus I 0.32), tarsus I / ft" 0.92. Tibia I (19 / 12) with three long setae, solenidion and famulus approximate to each other. “Y”-shaped famulus κ (3) as long as clublike solenidion φ (3). Other legs (II–IV) each with two claws (ol) and ciliate empodium. Internal side of claws delicately roughened, no empodial hooks. Tarsus II ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 C) with minute, spherical, scarcely visible solenidion ωII (1 Μm).

Male: Not found.

Remarks. The caudal region of the new species is visible at the end of the opisthosoma in all three type specimens, but in other species of this genus it is usually ventral. This may be due to the amount of pressure applied to the body during slide-mounting. The small lobe at the end of the body in N. kamalii   sp. nov. has not been reported in other species of this genus, but in the putatively closely related genus Lourus   this has been reported as a differential character within this genus, being visible in L. testatus   and L. citricolus   . However, it seems that the presence of this character depends on the way the slide is made and can be seen in some other species in different genera of the family Tydeidae   . The internal side of the claws seems rough to some extent in N. kamalii   sp. nov. This character is difficult to see, but can be seen in some other collected materials of Neopronematus   as well, but it never has been indicated in the descriptions of other Neopronematus   species.

Differential diagnoses. Neopronematus kamalii   sp. nov. is easily distinguished from N. aegeae   by its nude idiosomal setae and simple ag 3 (serrate idiosomal setae and bifurcate ag setae in N. kamalii   ) and from N. rapidus   by its shorter ex setae than ro and la, and long tarsal solenidion, being about half the length of tarsus I (ex setae longer than ro and la and ωI about six times shorter in N. kamalii   ). The new species is more similar to N. lundqvisti   , N. sepasgosariani   , N. solani   and N. neglectus   in sharing several character states in common ( Table 1 View TABLE 1 ). Solenidion φ and famulus κ (3) are the same size in N. kamalii   sp. nov. and N. neglectus   , but the dorsal idiosomal setae are shorter in N. neglectus   . The new species is distinguished from N. solani   by the longer ωI (8), longer tectal setae and κ slightly shorter than φ in N. solani   . Neopronematus sepasgosariani   differs from the new species by having seta d 1 more or less equal to the distance d 1 -e 1 and a slightly longer palp tarsus (17) than stiletto (15). Neopronematus lundqvisti   has a much longer ωI (13) that is approximately as long as half the length of tarsus I, but N. kamalii   sp. nov. has a shorter ωI (4) that is about six times shorter than the tarsus length (25). Further diagnostic character states are listed in the diagnosis, key, and Table 1 View TABLE 1 .

TABLE 1. Comparison of N. kamalii sp. nov. with close species.

Dorsal setae long Dorsal setae long Dorsal setae long Dorsal setae long Dorsal setae short
length of idiosoma / c1 length = 11.8 length of idiosoma / c1 length = 9.54 length of idiosoma / c1 length = 10 length of idiosoma / c1 length = 11.3 length of idiosoma to c1 length = 17.5
ex (22) longer than ro (18) and la (18) ex (28) longer than ro (20) and la (21) ex (26) longer than ro (20) and la (21) ex (26) longer than ro (21) and la (21) ex shorter than ro (11- 12) and la (11-12)
d1 (20) shorter than distance d1-e1 (28) d1 (20) shorter than distance d1-e1 d1 more/less equal to d1- e1 distance d1 (23) shorter than distance d1-e1 d1 significantly shorter than half distance d1-e1
ωI (4) six times shorter than tarsus length (25) ωI (8); three times shorter than tarsus ωI (3) seven times shorter than tarsus length ωI (13) approximately as long as half length of tarsus I. ωI (6) four times shorter than length of tarsus (26 Μm)
κ as long as φ (2.5) κ (3) slightly shorter than φ (4) κ (4) twice as long as φ (2) φ as long as κ (3) φ as long as κ (3)
Body proportion index: 1.4 Body proportion index: 1.5 Body proportion index: 1.88 Body proportion index: 1.8 Body proportion index: 1.55
Tarsus I length/width (25/ 10) =2.5 Tarsus I length/ width (24/14) =1.7 Tarsus I length/width (21/ 9) =2.3 Tarsus I length/width (25/ 9)= 2.8 Tarsus I length/ width (26/8)=3.2
f2 longer than ps1 f2 longer than ps1 f2 longer than ps1 f2 longer than ps1 f2 shorter than ps1
Palp tarsus (11) much shorter than stiletto (18) Palp tarsus (13) slightly shorter than stiletto (16) Palp tarsus (17) slightly longer than stiletto(15) palp tarsus (10) much shorter than stiletto(17) Palp tarsus (13) equal to stiletto (13)
Tectal setae on tarsus I (28) longer than tarsus I (25) Tectal setae on tarsus I significantly longer (35–36) than tarsus I (24) Tectal setae on tarsus I (23) rather longer than tarsus I (21) Tectal setae on tarsus I (30) longer than tarsus I (25) Tectal setae on tarsus I (30) longer than tarsus I (26)
ag1 (10)> ag4 (7) ag1 (10) <ag4 (13) ag1 <ag4 ag1 <ag4 ag1 <ag4
Small lobe at the end of body No lobe at the end of body No lobe at the end of body No lobe at the end of body No lobe at the end of body