Brechmorhoga Kirby, 1894,

Mauffray, William F. & Tennessen, Kenneth J., 2019, A Catalogue and Historical Study of the Odonata of Ecuador, Zootaxa 4628 (1), pp. 1-265: 150-151

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4628.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E4C2F52F-9A1A-4C55-B03B-C87B2B4C4676

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D076D419-B586-FF40-FF23-F7842074F8F3

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Plazi

scientific name

Brechmorhoga Kirby, 1894
status

 

Brechmorhoga Kirby, 1894 

A genus of 15 species that is in need of revision; species identification is difficult and new species probably remain to be discovered. The five species that occur in Ecuador can be identified using Calvert (1898) and Ris (1913a). Brechmorhoga  adults are mainly dark ( Fig. 87View FIGURE 87) and inhabit streams in the small to medium-size range, usually with sand and rock substrates and medium to fast flow. The adults are fast fliers, often difficult to see over shaded streams.

Brechmorhoga nubecula ( Rambur, 1842)  . Publ. Recs. ECU: Schmidt (1942), Paulson (1983), Tsuda (1986, 1991), Steinmann (1997b), (H06), (P11), (H14); CR: Campos (1922); EO: Campos (1927); GY: Campos (1922); IM: * Ris (1913a) Also ARG, BRA, CEN, COL, PRY, PER, TTO, VEN: (H06), (P11).

Addl. Data. BO, Caluma: 1 ♂, rocky stream 5 km E of Caluma, Guaranda Road, 5 iii 2010, leg. & det. JJD [JJD]; GY, Naranjal: 1 ♂, San Rafael [as “San Raphael”] (-2.18, -79.23, 200m), date?, leg. F. Campos, det. P. Calvert [FSCA]; NA, Tena: 1 ♀, Río Chinchipino, 27 km E of Puerto Napo (-1.0728, -77.5864, 385m), 13 xi 1997, leg. & det. KJT [KJT]; 1 ♂, NE of Tena, Río Shicai-Yacu, 900m, 6 iv 1941, leg. WCM, det. WFM [ FSCA]; 1 ♀, [ Puerto Napo , about 1 km up river on Río Anzu from the Río Napo], “Las Palmas” (-1.07, -77.80, 900m), 11 xii 1946, leg. WCM, det. WFM [ FSCA]; PA, Mera   GoogleMaps: 1 ♀, Río Metolo   GoogleMaps, Los Copales   GoogleMaps cabanas between Mera and Shell, W of Puyo   GoogleMaps, Hwy.   GoogleMaps 50 (-1.4919, -78.0725, 1070m), 20 ix 2005, leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; SD: 1 ♂, Santo Domingo de Los Colorados   GoogleMaps, 10 km E on Hwy   GoogleMaps. 30, W of Hotel Tinalandia (-0.28, -79.03, 800m), 19 v 1975, leg. T. Emmel, det.? [ FSCA]; 1 cop. pair, 1 ♀, Santo Domingo de Los Colorados   GoogleMaps, 12 km E on Hwy. 30 near Hotel Tinalandia (-0.30, -79.67, 609m), 25 vii 1986, leg. T. Emmel, det.? [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, same data but 22 xii 1975, leg. J. Harper, det. KJT [ KJT]; SU, Cascales   GoogleMaps: 1 ♀, 37 km W of Lago Agrío on Baeza Road, river, 20 viii 1980, leg. & det. SWD [ SWD]; Shushufindi   GoogleMaps: 1 ♂, Limoncocha, forest path, 4 i 1972, leg. D. Pearson, det. DRP [ DRP]; ZC, Zamora: 1 ♀, stream off road to village of Guadalupe N of Zamora (-3.8939, -78.8880), 21 viii 2006, leg. & det. JCA [ UTIC]; 1 ♀, small stream 5 km N of Guaguayme Alto (-3.8778, -78.8928, 880m), 4 iv 2008, leg. & det. KJT [ JTJ].

* Brechmorhoga pertinax (Hagen, 1961)  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (H14). Also BOL, CEN, COL, PER: (H06), (P11).

Addl. Data. MS, Gualaquiza: 1 ♀, Gualaquiza, 800m, leg. Campos, det. PPC [FSCA]; PC, [Quito]: Río Pacto, broad shallow river with rocks and boulders, 1 km SW Pacto village (-0.1398, -78.7741), date not provided, data provided by WAH & DLW.

Brechmorhoga praecox ( Hagen, 1861)  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (H14); NA: * Tennessen (1996b). Also BRA, CEN, COL, PER, VEN: (H06), (P11); plus TTO: (P11).

Addl. Data. EO, Piñas: 6 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Piñas (-3.67, -79.23, 1000–1500m), 2–25 vii 1941, leg. D. Laddey, det.? [FSCA]; Portovelo: 2 ♀♀, Portovelo (-3.72, -79.62, 600–650m), 3–4 viii 1941, leg. D. Laddey, det.? [FSCA]; IM, Ibarra: 1 ♂, pools/stream near sugarcane fields 0.5 km S of Salinas on road to Lita (0.4853, -78.1333), 2 ii 1997, leg. & det. JJD, as B. postlobata  [ JJD]; 1 ♀, same data but leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; MS, Morona: 1 ♀, Mangosiza, Río Upano (-2.60, -77.77, 850m), date?, leg. D. Laddey, det. WFM [ FSCA]; NA, Tena: 1 ♂, Puerto Napo, 5.3 km E of Hwy. 45 on J.S.B.S. Road, Río Sinde (-1.0500, -77.7481, 450m), 15 vi 1995, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀, same data but leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; 8 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, same data but leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, LSAM, QZAC, USNM]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. SWD [ SWD]; 2 ♂♂, same data but 13 vii 1996 [ SWD]; 2 ♂♂, same data but 22 vii 1996 [ FSCA, QZAC]; 1 ♂, same data but 12 xi 1997, 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. TWD [ SWD]; 1 ♂, Puerto Napo 11.2 km E of Hwy. 45 on J.S.B.S. Road, Río Tiyuyacu   GoogleMaps (-1.0516, -77.7017, 425m), 13 xi 1997, leg. & det, WFM [ QZAC]; ZC, Yantzaza: 1 ♂, Yantzaza   GoogleMaps, 6.5 km [N on Hwy. 45], Río Chicana   GoogleMaps (-3.7681, -78.7350, 762m), 6 xi 1997, leg. & det. WFM [ QZAC].

Brechmorhoga rapax Calvert, 1898  . Publ. Recs. ECU: * Ris (1913a), Campos (1925 —“por Ris 1916 ”), Ris (1918 —as B. rapax rapax  ), Maria (1938), Paulson (1983), Tsuda (1991), Steinmann (1997b—as B. rapax rapax  ), (H06), (P11), (H14); MS: Tennessen (2006 —as B. rapax crocosema  ). Also CEN, COL, VEN: (H06), (P11); plus PER: (P16).

Addl. Data. LJ, Loja: 1 ♂, small stream off road towards Zamora (-4.0330, -79.0132), 18 viii 2006, leg. & det. JCA [UTIC]; MS, Morona: 3 ♂♂, rocky stream 22.5 km W of Macas, Guamote Road, 18 viii 2005, leg. & det. JJD, as subsp. crocosema  [ JJD]; 1 ♂, same data but rocky stream about 2.4 km W of that location flowing over road (-2.2342, -78.2181), leg. & det. KJT as subsp. crocosema  [ KJT]; SD: 1 ♀, Santo Domingo de Los Colorados 12 km E on Hwy. 30 near Hotel Tinalandia (-0.30, -79.67, 610m), 15 v 1986, leg. T. Emmel, det.? [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, About 93 km SW Quito, Chiriboga Road, 9 vii 1990, leg. OSF, det.? [ USNM]; 1 ♂, small stream, Hwy. 30, km marker 61, E of La Union de los Toachi, 27 ii 2010, leg. & det. JJD as subsp. crocosema  [JJD].

* Brechmorhoga vivax Calvert, 1906  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (H14). Also CEN, PER, VEN, PRY: (H06, P11); plus COL: (P&P); and ARG (P16).

Addl. Data. CT, Pangua: 1 ♂, small stream 8 km E of Moraspungo, 22 ii 2010 m, leg. & det. JJD [JJD]; EO, Piñas: 1 ♀, Piedras (-3.63, -79.92, 300m), 2 vii 1941, leg. D. Laddey, det.? [USNM]; ES, San Lorenzo: 2 ♂♂, stream near RR track, about 2 km N of Lita, 5 ii 1997, leg. E. Tapia & KJT, det. KJT [ KJT]; PA, Mera: 2 ♂♂, Río Metolo, Los Copales   GoogleMaps, between Mera and Shell (-1.4919, -78.0725, 1070m), 19 ix 2005, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT, RWG]; 1 ♀, same data but 4 x 2009, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; Pastaza: 1 ♂, Río Sandalias   GoogleMaps, 5 km S of Puyo, Hwy.   GoogleMaps 45 (-1.5003, -77.9522, 1000m), 11 xi 1997, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♀, stream 5.5+ km SE off Hwy   GoogleMaps. 45 (trib. of larger river), N of Puyo (-1.3606, -77.8653, 900m), 9 x 2009, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; SD: 1 ♀, small streams, Hwy   GoogleMaps. 30, near km marker 70, near La Unión del Toachi   GoogleMaps (-0.4806, -78.9394, 920m), 27 ii 2010, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; TU, Baños: 1 ♀, stream, Hwy   GoogleMaps. 50, between Río Verde   GoogleMaps and Río Negro (-1.4069, -78.2553, 1515m), 4 x 2009, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; ZC, Zamora   GoogleMaps: 1 ♂, stream/waterfall W of Zamora (-4.0456, -79.0006, 1150m), 1 iv 2008, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ].

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

SU

Stanford University

LSAM

Louisiana State Arthropod Museum

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History