Dythemis Hagen, 1861

Mauffray, William F. & Tennessen, Kenneth J., 2019, A Catalogue and Historical Study of the Odonata of Ecuador, Zootaxa 4628 (1), pp. 1-265: 155-156

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4628.1.1

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E4C2F52F-9A1A-4C55-B03B-C87B2B4C4676

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D076D419-B589-FF4D-FF23-F7602143FBAF

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scientific name

Dythemis Hagen, 1861
status

 

Dythemis Hagen, 1861 

Two of the seven species are recorded for Ecuador; see Ris (1913a, 1918) and Needham et al. (2014) for identification. Adults are slender and mostly dark ( Fig. 91View FIGURE 91); they perch with wings typically set down and forward over the thorax. They breed in slow streams, mostly in pooled areas, that are either open or mostly shaded.

Dythemis nigra Martin, 1897. Publ. Recs. ECU: *Kirby (1897); Maria (1938), Paulson (2011), (H14)—all as D. multipunctata); ES: (Daigle et al. 1997), SD: (Daigle et al. 1997); ZC: Tennessen & Johnson (2008). Also ARG, BRA, CEN, GUF, GUY, PRY, PER, TTO, VEN: (P11); plus COL: (P&P); and SUR (P16).

Addl Data: ES, San Lorenzo: [FSCA, KJT]; LR, Buena Fé: [DRP, SWD]; MN, Portoviejo: [JTJ]; MS, Huambioya: [FSCA. KJT]; NA, Tena: [FSCA, UTIC, JTJ, KJT, QZAC, SWD, TWD, USNM; OR, Francisco de Orellana: [FSCA, QZAC, USNM]; Loreto: [FSCA, QZAC, SWD]; PA, Pastaza: [USNM]; Santa Clara: [USNM]; PC, San Miguel de los Bancos: (FSCA, KJT, USFQ]; Quito: [ACRP]; SD: [FSCA, QZAC]; SU, Lago Agrio: [USNM]; Shushufindi: [KJT, SWD]; ZC, El Pangui: [KJT].

Note: Meurgey (2010) found the true D. multipunctata on St. Vincent in the Lesser Antilles and stated that Central and South American records for D. multipunctata really represent D. nigra.

Dythemis sterilis ( Hagen, 1861)  . Publ. Recs. ECU: von Ellenrieder & Muzón (2007), Paulson (2011), (H14); CR: Campos (1922); EO: Campos (1927); GY: * Calvert (1906 —as D. velox  form sterilis  ), Campos (1922); LR: * Calvert (1906 —as D. velox  form sterilis  ), Campos (1922); ZC: Tennessen & Johnson (2008). Also CEN, COL, VEN: (P11); Plus PER, TTO: (P11); and ARG, BRA, GUF: (H06).

Addl. Data. CT, Pangua: 1 ♂, concrete pool, E side of Las Juntas (-1.1831, -79.2453, 330m), 22 ii 2010, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; EO, Piñas : 1 ♂, Piñas, 15 km S (-3.80, -79.73, 1100m), 4 vii 1989, leg. R. Miller, det. GHB [ FSCA]; Santa Rosa   GoogleMaps: 1 ♀, stream, 12 km E of Arenillas, Hwy. 25 (-3.5244, -79.9831, 30m), 29 iii 2008, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; ES, Esmeraldas : SW of Esmeraldas SW, muddy stream, 19 vii 1977, leg. & det. DRP [ DRP]; ♀, 1 ♂, (300m), 6–22 v 1983, leg. & det.? [ QZAC]; GY, Balao   GoogleMaps: 1 ♂, small stream/ditches in banana plantation, about 2 km E of Hwy. 25 near Balao Jct. (-2.9100, -79.6919, 70m), 28 iii 2008, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; Naranjal : 2 ♂♂, Bucay (-2.20, -79.18, 233m), 1911, leg. F. Campos, det. WFM [ ANSP, FSCA]; 3 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, Cerro Mas Vale E on Hwy . Río Churute   GoogleMaps (-2.42, -79.67, 9m), 10 ii 2001, leg. & det. F. Sibley [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, Las Mercedes SE at small bridge below thermal hot springs (-2.6058, -79.4886, 107m), 13 iii 2001, leg. & det. F. Sibley [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, Las Mercedes SE on road to Cuenca, base of mountain (-2.6169, -79.4542, 244m), 13 ii 2001, leg. & det. F. Sibley [ FSCA]; LR, Babahoyo   GoogleMaps: 1 ♂, Babahoyo, date?, leg. F. Campos, det.? [ USNM]; Buena Fé: 2 ♂♂, Santo Domingo 47 km S, forest slough at Río Palenque Field Station (200m), 18 vii 1977, leg. & det. DRP [ DRP]; 2 ♂♂, same data but 8 x 1988, leg. & det. SWD [ UTIC]; Quevedo : 1 ♀, Pichilingue, Río Palenque (-1.10, -79.48, 64m), 2 ii 1955, leg. E. Schlinger, det. MJW [ FSCA]; PC, San Miguel : between Puerto Vicente Maldonaldo and Puerto Quito (550m), photo M. Reid, det. DRP; SD: 1 ♂, Santo Domingo de los Colorados , 11 v 1985, leg. & det.? [ QZAC]; 1 ♂, pond near Hotel Colorados, Hwy. 30, 1 i 97, leg. E. Tapia, det. KJT [ KJT]; ZC, Zamora : 1 ♂, Zamaro, 4.7 km SE [on Río Jambue Road], gravel quarry adjacent to Río Jambue (-4.07, -78.93, 914m), 5 xi 1997, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♀, stream crossing road just before village of Guadalupe (-3.9114 -78.8575), 20–21 viii 2006, leg. & det. JCA [ UTIC].

Note: Meurgey (2011) created the subspecies D. sterilis sterilis  and D. sterilis multipunctata  . Since the latter is restricted to the lesser Antilles, we simply use D. sterilis  for the Ecuador fauna.

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

ANSP

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History