Orthemis Hagen, 1861

Mauffray, William F. & Tennessen, Kenneth J., 2019, A Catalogue and Historical Study of the Odonata of Ecuador, Zootaxa 4628 (1), pp. 1-265: 188-192

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4628.1.1

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E4C2F52F-9A1A-4C55-B03B-C87B2B4C4676

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D076D419-B5A8-FF16-FF23-F37027B4FD73

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scientific name

Orthemis Hagen, 1861
status

 

Orthemis Hagen, 1861 

A species-rich New World genus with 28 species of which 12 are recorded for Ecuador with mention of one more possibly occurring here. The most recent taxonomic treatments were by von Ellenrieder (2009b, 2013a). This is a diverse group color-wise ( Figs. 106a, b, cView FIGURE 106) that inhabits open and forested pools depending on species, often with muddy water and/or substrate, sometimes in slow streams.

Orthemis aequilibris Calvert, 1909  . Publ. Recs. OR: *von Ellenrieder (2012). Also BOL, BRA, COL, GUF, GUY, PRY, PER, SUR, VEN: (H06); plus ARG, CEN: (P16).

Note: The von Ellenrieder (2012) record is a casual mention in a general discussion about the sympatry of Orthemis  species noted at the T.B.S.

* Orthemis aciculata von Ellenrieder, 2012  . Publ. Recs. BRA, CEN, PER, SUR, TTO: von Ellenrieder (2012), (P16).

Addl. Data. SU: Cuyabeno Reserve, 16.7 km E of Cuyabeno village, 3 km SE of Cuyabeno Lodge, no date provided, data provided by WAH & DLW; Nicky Lodge, 8.6 km NW of Playas de Cuyabeno village, 120 km SE of Lago Agrio (215m), no date provided, data provided by WAH & DLW.

Orthemis ambirufa Calvert, 1909  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (H14), (P16); * EO: Piedras (-3.63, -79.92), 6 vii 1941, leg. D.B. Laddey [USNM], von Ellenrieder (2012). Also ARG, BRA, GUF, SUR, VEN: (H06), von Ellenrieder (2012); plus BOL, COL: von Ellenrieder (2012).

Orthemis biolleyi Calvert, 1906  . Publ. Recs. ECU: Campos (1925), Navás (1923), Paulson (1983), Tsuda (1986, 1991), (H06), (P11), (H14); GY: * Ris (1910); NA: Daigle (1996); OR: Tennessen (1996b), von Ellenrieder & Garrison (2011). Also BOL, BRA, CEN, COL, GUF, GUY, PER, SUR, TTO, VEN: (H06), (P11).

Addl. Data. EO, Piñas: 10 km SE towards Portovelo (-3.72, -79.67, 610m), 3 vii 1989, leg. R. Miller, det. GHB [FSCA]; GY, Guayaquil: 1 ♀, Guayaquil (-2.7333, -79.7500, 17m), date?, leg.?, det. Ris, data provided by RWG; MN, El Carmen: 1 ♀, El Carmen, leg. & det.? [ QZAC]; MS, Huamboya: 2 ♂♂, Macas, 58 km N on Hwy . 45 (70 km N of Sucua), roadside ditch and tribs. near Río Pasanac (-1.9447, -77.8536, 762m), 10 xi 1997, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, QZAC]; 7 ♂♂, same data but 16 ix 2005, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, JJD, QZAC, USNM]; 2 ♂♂, Río Pasanac forest   GoogleMaps pools, 57 km N of Macas, Hwy. 45, 10 xi 1997, leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; NA, Archidona: photo, 1 ♂, Archidona, a few miles W at entrance to Playa Bosque Reserve , deep, semi-shaded, fishless hand-dug pond, 11 vii 2011, photo by Jerry Johnson, det. SWD; El Chaco: 1 ♂, stream, 52 km NE of Chaco, 18 viii 1980, leg. & det. SWD [ SWD]; Tena: 2 ♂♂, J. S.B. S., near Tena   GoogleMaps (-1.0500, -77.7833, 450m), 4–29 xi 1994, leg. A. Jaramillo, det. DRP [ DRP]; 2 ♀♀, same data but 16 x 1988, leg. & det. SWD [ SWD]; 1 ♀, pond, Puyo Road, 11 km S of Río Napo (500m), 21 vii 1996, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♂, pond along Puyo-Tena Road   GoogleMaps (-1.1150, -77.8083, 600m), 12 xi 1997, leg. & det. TWD [ SWD]; OR, Francisco de Orellana: 3 ♂♂, pond, road to Waorani Reserve, 5.6 km S of turn to Yasuni Sci. Res. Sta. , 10 vi 1995, leg. & det. KJT [ JJD, KJT]; 2 ♀♀, P.N.Y., 8 km N of Waorani Road on Yasuni Road , palm swamp just S of Río Bogi 2 Este   GoogleMaps [km marker 42.3], (-0.6734, -76.4397), 12 vi 1995, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, JJD]; 1 ♂, swamp, P.N.Y. (-0.6508, -76.3558, 200m), 15 xi 1997, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♂, same data but 16 xi 1997, leg. & det. TWD [ SWD]; 1 ♂, P.N.Y., 2.3 km E of Yasuni Biological Research Sta. , small stream (-0.67, -76.37, 200m), 9 vi 1995, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data but leg. & det. SWD [ SWD]; 5 ♂♂, 1 ♀, P.N.Y., 2.1 km E of Yasuni Biological Research Sta., pond and swamp (-0.6741, -76.3685, 244m), 15–16 xi 1997, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, LSAM, QZAC, USNM]; 1 ♂, P.N.Y., Yasuni Biological Research Sta. along trails and roads within 5 km of Res. Sta.   GoogleMaps (-0.6719, -76.3992, 244m), 18 vii 1996, leg. & det. WFM [ QZAC]; 1 ♂, P.N.Y., 5.6 km W of Yasuni Road on PC 29-30, small stream/swamp (-0.38, -76 30), 10 vi 1995, leg. & det. SWD [ SWD]; 1 ♂, T. B.S., USFQ, Mauritia palm swamp off Guacamayo   GoogleMaps trail at marker 2100 (-0.6331, -76.1628, 220m), 20 i 2009, leg. & det. RWG & NVE [ NVE]; 1 ♀, T. B.S., USFQ, open grassy area behind dining room, surrounded by bushes and trees and some seepage areas (-0.6383, -76.1492, 220m), 11 i 1009, leg. & det. RWG & NVE [ NVE]; La Joya de los Sachas: 1 ♂, Pompeya, 0.5 km W of Puerto Pompeya Ferry Landing   GoogleMaps roadside ditches (-0.4444, - 76.6263, 238m), 19 vii 1996, leg. & det. WFM [ LSAM]; Loreto: 1 ♂, trail 12 km NE of Loreto (-0.6217, -77.2600, 365m), 15 x 2009, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; PC, San Miguel Bancos: 1 ♂, upper Mindo Valley, ix 2004, photo by M. Read; SD: 1 ♂, Alloriquin   GoogleMaps, i 1983, leg. & det.? [ QZAC]; SU, Shushufindi: 1 ♂, Limoncocha, Río   GoogleMaps Napo (-0.4000, -76.6167, 296m), 10 xi 1980, leg. & det. MJW [ FSCA]; 1 ♀, same data but lake shore 12 viii 1972, leg. E. Stiles, det. DRP [ DRP]; 1 ♀, Shushufindi   GoogleMaps, 2 km S of Yamaramsuku School on Limoncocha Road, stream and marsh (- 0.2147, -76.6494, 255m), 19 vii 1996, leg. & det. WFM [ QZAC]; 1 ♂, near Río Blanco   GoogleMaps, S of Shushufindi , 19 vii 1996, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♂, trails, small streams 3 km W of Shushufindi, 2+ km N off Hwy. 26 at km marker 17 (-0.1664, -76.6917, 290m), 13 x 2009, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; 1 ♀, La Selva, Manicocha   GoogleMaps, 12 x 1988, leg. & det. SWD [ SWD]; 1 ♂, NW of Shushufindi   GoogleMaps, shallow mud bottom pond, (-0.1647 -76.6880, 273m), 28 x 2013, leg. & det. CDK [ FSCA].

Orthemis cinnamomea von Ellenrieder, 2009  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (P11), (H14). OR: von Ellenrieder (2012) SU: von Ellenrieder (2009b, 2012). Also PER: von Ellenrieder (2009, 2012), (P16).

Addl. Data. OR: Llanchama village , Río Tiputini, 16 km W of Tiputini village (205m), no date provided, data provided by WAH & DLW; SU, Shushufindi   GoogleMaps: 1 paratype ♂, Limoncocha, lake edge (-0.4000, -76.6167, 269m), 13 i 1972, leg. D. Pearson, det. NVE [ DRP]; 1 paratype ♀, same data but 16 i 1972 [ DRP]; 1 paratype ♂, same data but 20 ii 1972 [ RWG]; Nicky Lodge , 8.6 km NW of Playas de Cuyabeno village, 120 km SE of Lago Agrio (215m), no date provided, data provided by WAH & DLW.

Orthemis coracina von Ellenrieder, 2009  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (P11), (H14); SU: * von Ellenrieder (2009— Holotype ♂: Limoncocha, forest edge (-0.24, -76.36, 300m), 23 vii 1977, leg. DRP, [USNM]. Also BRA, COL, PER, SUR: von Ellenrieder (2012), (P16).

Orthemis cultriformis ( Hagen, 1861)  . Publ. Recs. ECU: Navás (1923), Campos (1925), Santos (1967c), Paulson (1983), Tsuda (1986, 1991), (H06), (P11), (H14); MS: von Ellenrieder (2012); NA: Daigle (1996), von Ellenrieder (2012); OR: Tennessen (1996b), von Ellenrieder & Garrison (2011), von Ellenrieder (2012); PA: * Ris (1910). SU: Donnelly (1998). Also ARG, BOL, BRA, CEN, COL, GUF, GUY, PRY, PER, SUR, TTO, VEN: (H06), (P11).

Addl. Data. ES, Esmeraldas: [IRSNB]; MS, Gualaquiza: [ANSP, FSCA]; Huamboya: [KJT]; NA, Tena: [DRP, FSCA, JJD, JTJ, LSAM, KJT, QZAC, RWG, SWD, SWD]; OR, Francisco de Orellana: [FSCA, KJT, LSAM, NVE, QZAC, SWD, TWD, USFQ, USNM]; Loreto: [JTJ]; PA, Mera: [KJT]; SU, Lago Agrio: [FSCA, SWD]; Shushufindi: [DRP, FSCA, KJT]; ZC, El Pangui: [FSCA, KJT, QZAC]; Yantzaza: [FSCA].

Orthemis discolor (Selys, 1857)  . Publ. Recs. ECU: Selys (1875—as Libellula discolor  ), Racenis (1954), (P11), (H14); CR: Campos (1922); CB: Calvert (1906), Campos (1922); EO: Campos (1927); ES: Campos (1922); GY: * Hagen (1861), Ris (1910), Campos (1922); IM: Daigle et al. (1997); LR: Campos (1922); NA: Daigle (1996); OR: von Ellenrieder & Garrison (2011); PC: Ris (1910), Campos (1922). Also ARG, BOL, BRA, CEN, CHL, COL, GUF, GUY, PRY, PER, SUR, TTO, URY, VEN: (H06), (P11).

Addl. Data. CN, La Troncal: [KJT]; CB, Cumandá: [FSCA]; Pallatanga: [ANSP]; EO, Piñas: [ACRP]; ES, Quininde: [QZAC]; San Lorenzo: [ANSP, KJT, LSAM, QZAC, USNM]; GY, Naranjal: [FSCA]; Guayaquil: [FSCA]; IM, Cotacachi: [KJT]; Ibarra: [FSCA, JJD, KJT, QZAC]; LR, Buena Fé: [FSCA]; Quevedo: [JJD]; MN, El Carmen: [JJD, QZAC]; Jipijapa: [FSCA]; Portoviejo: [JJD]; MS, Gualaquiza: [ANSP, FSCA]; Huamboya: [FSCA]; Morona: [FSCA]; Santiago: [FSCA, KJT, LSAM, QZAC, TWD, USNM]; NA, Archidona: [FSCA, QZAC]; El Chaco: [FSCA]; Tena: [ANSP, DRP, FSCA, QZAC]; OR, Francisco de Orellana: [FSCA, KJT, NVE, TWD, QZAC, USFQ, USNM]; Loreto: [QZAC]; PA, Santa Clara: [FSCA]; PC, Mejías: [QZAC]); San Miguel Bancos: [DRP, QZAC]; SD: [DRP, FSCA, JJD. QZAC]; SU, Shushufindi: [DRP, FSCA, KJT]; ZC, El Pangui: [FSCA]; Zamora: [FSCA, JJD, JTJ, KJT, LSAM].

Note: All records prior to 1996 are listed as “ Orthemis ferruginea  ” except Hagen (1861); specimens from Ecuador labeled as O. ferruginea  should be O. discolor  .

Orthemis paulsoni von Ellenrieder, 2012  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (H14); OR: * von Ellenrieder (2012); SU: von Ellenrieder (2012—holoytpe ♂: forest trail about 3 km W of Shushufindi   GoogleMaps (-0.1664, -76.6917, 290m), 14 x 2009, leg. KJT [ FSCA]). Also PER: von Ellenrieder (2012); plus BOL ( P16).

Addl. Data. SU, Shushufindi   GoogleMaps: 1 ♂, trail 3 km NW of Shushufindi (-0.1664, -76.6917, 290m), 13 x 2009, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀, same data but 14 x 2009 [ KJT]; 1 ♂, trails, small streams 3 km W of Shushufindi, 2+ km N off Hwy. 26 at km marker 17 (-. 0.1664, -76.6917, 290m), 13 x 2009, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ].

Orthemis regalis Ris, 1910  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (H06), (P11), *von Ellenrieder (2012), (H14). Also BRA, PER, SUR, VEN: (H06), (P11), von Ellenrieder (2012); plus (GUF): (P16).

Addl. Data. SU, Shushufindi   GoogleMaps: 1 ♀, Limoncocha, forest trail (-0.4000, -76.6167, 269m), 14 xii 1971, leg. D. Pearson, det. DRP, checked by RWG [ DRP].

Orthemis schmidti Buchholz, 1950  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (H06), (P11), (H14); NA: Daigle (1996), von Ellenrieder (2009); (P11), OR: * Tennessen (1996b), von Ellenrieder & Garrison (2011), von Ellenrieder (2012). Also BOL, BRA, GUF, PER, SUR, VEN, TTO: (H06), (P11); Plus CEN: (P11).

Addl. Data. CT, Sigchos: 1 ♂, San Francisco de las Pampas Road between Naranjito-San Francisco de Las Pampas (-0.42, -79.0, 1500m), 1 v 1999, leg. L. Torres, det.? [QZAC]; 2 ♀♀, same data but 14 v 1999, leg. E. Tapia, det.? [FSCA]; MS, Morona: 1 ♂, Macas, 15 km W on Guamote Road, small stream and roadside seepage pools. 15 ix 2005, leg. WFM, det. JJD [ JJD]; NA, Tena: 3 ♂♂, Puerto Napo 5.3 km E of Hwy. 45 on J.S.B.S. Road, Río Sinde   GoogleMaps (-1.0500, -77.7481, 450m), 13 vii 1996, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, LSAM, QZAC]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. JJD [ DRP]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. KJT [ FSCA]; 3 ♂♂, Puerto Napo, 3.2 km E on J.S.B.S. Road, ponds and flowing marsh, 23 vii 1996, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, JJD, USNM]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. SWD [ NVE]; OR, Francisco de Orellana: 1 ♂, trib. of Río Payamino, road to Loreto, 1.7 km W of jct. with Coca Road   GoogleMaps (-0.4367, -77.0017, 258m), 13 vi 1995, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. WFM [ JJD]; 2 ♂♂, same data but 18 xi 1997, leg. & det. TWD [ SWD]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; 2 ♂♂, swamp pond at km 8, S of Río Napo on Yasuni Road   GoogleMaps, 11 vi 1995, leg. & det. SWD [ JJD]; 4 ♂♂, grassy swamp, Yasuni Road   GoogleMaps, km marker 31, near Río Savaleto   GoogleMaps 2, Yasuni   GoogleMaps Preserve, 12 vi 1995, leg. & det. KJT [ JJD, KJT]; 1 ♀, stream, PC 29-30 Road, 1.8 km W of Yasuni Road, 10 vi 1995, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, P.N.Y., Yasuni   GoogleMaps Biological Research Sta., along trails and roads within 5 km of Res. Sta., (-0.6719, -76.3992, 244m), 18 vii 1996, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, LSAM, USNM]; 1 ♀, T. B.S., USFQ, open grassy area behind dining room, surrounded by bushes and trees and some seep- age area (-0.6383, -76.1492, 220m), 10 i 2009, leg. & det. RWG & NVE [ NVE]; ZC: Zamora: Road from Zamora to Podocarpus National Park   GoogleMaps, (948m), leg. & det. C. Willigalla.

Orthemis sulphurata Hagen, 1868  . Publ. Recs. ECU: Calvert (1909), Tsuda (1986), (H06), (P11), (H14); CR: Campos (1922); CB: Campos (1922); GY: * Hagen (1868 — ♀ type, Guayaquil), Calvert (1899), Ris (1910), Cam- pos (1922), Donnelly (2001), Tennessen & Johnson (2008). Also PER: Hoffman (2009); TTO, VEN?, ( H06); plus ( CEN).

Addl. Data. BO, Caluma: 1 ♂, small forested stream 9 km E of Caluma, 5 iii 2010, leg. & det. JTJ [ JJD]; EO, Arenillas: 1 ♂, farm pond, 11 km S of Arenillas, road to Alamar (95m), 10 iv 2008, leg. KJT, det. JJD [ JJD]; Piñas : 1 ♂, 10 km SE of Piñas, 3 vii 1989, leg. R. Miller & L. Stange, det. JJD [ JJD]; Santa Rosa: 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, stream and associated pond, wetland about 12 km E of Arenillas, Hwy.   GoogleMaps 25 (-3.5244, -79.9831, 30m), 29 iii 2008, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data but leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀, same data but 9 iv 2008 [ JJD, KJT]; ES, Esmeraldas: Esmeraldas, SW at muddy stream, 19 vii 1977, leg. & det. DRP [ DRP]; GY, Balao, 2 ♂♂, small stream/ditches in banana plantation, about 2 km E of Hwy. 25 near Balao Jct.   GoogleMaps (-2.9100, -79.6919, 70m), 28 iii 2008, leg. & det. JTJ [ JJD, JTJ]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. KJT [ JJD]; Guayaquil: 1 ♀, Guayaquil (-2.20, -79.90, 8m), date?, leg. F. Cam- pos, det. P. Calvert [ FSCA]; Naranjal: 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Bucay (-2.2, -79.18, 233m), viii, leg. F. Campos, det. P. Calvert [ FSCA, USNM]; 1 ♂, Horned Screamer Reserve , 5 miles E of Cerro Mas Vale (10m), 10 ii 2001, leg. F. Sibley, det. RWG [ RWG]; 1 ♀, flooded fields just W of Fundacion Andrate   GoogleMaps (-2.3833, -79.6333, 10m), 14 ii 2001, leg. F. Sibley, det. TWD [ RWG]; 1 ♀, Cerro Mas   GoogleMaps Vale, small pond at base of north flank (-2.3833 -79.6333, 10m), 14 ii 2001, leg. F. Sibley, det. TWD [ RWG]; 1 ♂, Cerritos   GoogleMaps just W of Fundacion Andrate, flooded field (-2.3918, -79.6283, 9m), 14 ii 2001, leg. Fred C Sibley, det. TWD [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Fundación Andrate, Mas Vale area thorn scrub (15m), 13 xi 2001, leg. F. Sibley, det. TWD [ DRP]; 3 ♂♂, 1 tan. pair, Cerro Mas Vale Fundacion Andrate (-2.40, -79.63, 15m), 14 xi 2001, leg. F. Sibley, det. TWD [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, Finca de la Gringa   GoogleMaps, 15 km E of Tres Cerritos (-2.4456, -79.5556, 25m), 12 iv 2008, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; LJ, Macará: 2 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, Macará (-4.38, -79.95, 400m), date?, F. Cam- pos R., det. MJW [ ANSP, FSCA, JJD]; LR, Buena Fé: 1 ♀, [Consumulo], S Río Palenque (-0.58, -79.35, 175m), 12 vi 1974, leg. J. Longino, det.? [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, same data but 12–18 viii 1975 [ FSCA]; Quevedo: 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, small stream 5 km E of E25/ Formisa cutoff, 23 ii 2010, leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; Urdaneta   GoogleMaps: 8 ♂♂, ditches/pools 2.8 km E of Hwy. E25 (-1.5217, -79.5000, 35m), 21 ii 2010, leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; Ventanas: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, pond/stream 7.2 km E of Hwy. E25 or 9 km SW of Quinzaloma , 21 ii 2010, leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; MN, Pedernales: 2 ♂♂, Río Nalpe, 3 km E of El Achote, road to Pedernales , 28 ii 2010, leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; 5 ♂♂, small stream 2 km E of Pedernales , 28 ii 2010, leg. & det. JJD [ JJD]; PC, San Miguel Bancos: 2 ♂♂, Pedro Vicente Maldonado, road to Río Silanche Preserve , forested & open streams, (about 500m), 1 vii 2008, leg. & det. DRP [ DRP]; SD: 1 ♂, Santo Domingo de los Colorados , 6 iii 1973, leg. M. Deyrup, det. DRP [ DRP]; 1 ♂, Tinalandia, 12 km E of Santo Domin- go de los Colorados , 11 v 1986, leg. G. Edwards, det. JJD [ JJD]; 1 ♂, pineapple vendor puddle, Parroquia luz de America town , 24 ii 2010, leg. & det. JJD [ JJD].

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

LSAM

Louisiana State Arthropod Museum

SU

Stanford University

PER

City Museum

BOL

University of Cape Town

VEN

Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela

CEN

EMBRAPA Recursos Geneticos e Biotecnologia - CENARGEN

ANSP

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia