Zenithoptera Selys, 1869,

Mauffray, William F. & Tennessen, Kenneth J., 2019, A Catalogue and Historical Study of the Odonata of Ecuador, Zootaxa 4628 (1), pp. 1-265: 206-208

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4628.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E4C2F52F-9A1A-4C55-B03B-C87B2B4C4676

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D076D419-B5DE-FF19-FF23-F107272BFB8B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Zenithoptera Selys, 1869
status

 

Zenithoptera Selys, 1869 

Identification of Zenithoptera  species depends on wing coloration and structure of the vesica spermalis ( Jurzitza 1982), ( Pujol-Luz & Rodrigues da Fonseca 1997). Adults inhabit small to medium-sized vegetated ponds and pools of small, slow streams; the surrounding habitat is usually open to somewhat shaded by trees. The species in Ecuador have drab, mottled bodies, but the wings are spectacularly colored, brilliant iridescent blue on top and black underneath with white bands and spots ( Figs. 116a & bView FIGURE 116). The genus is peculiar in that adults perch with their wings either held slightly downward or together upright over the abdomen, somewhat similar to Zygoptera that fold their wings. However, at times one pair of wings will be held upright, while the other pair is held downward. This behavior of holding the wings upright is unique in the New World Anisoptera fauna ( Paulson 2004b). Two species are known from Ecuador.

Zenithoptera fasciata (Linnaeus, 1758)  . Publ. Recs. ECU: (H06), (P11), (H14); NA: *Tennessen (1996b—as Z. americana  ); OR: Tennessen (1998), von Ellenrieder & Garrison (2011). Also BRA, CEN, COL, GUF, GUY, PER, SUR, VEN, TTO: (H06), (P11).

Addl. Data. NA, Tena: 1 ♂, Puerto Napo, 5.3 km E of Hwy. 45 on J.S.B.S. Road, Río Sinde (-1.0500, -77.7481, 450m), 22 vii 1996, leg. & det. WFM [LSAM]; 5 ♂♂, 1 ♀, J.S.B.S., Poza 3 (-1.0655, -77.6127, 437m), 10 xi 2014, leg. & det. ACRP [ACRP]; OR, Francisco de Orellana: 1 ♀, Reserva Etnica Waorani, 1 km S of Onkone Gare Camp (-0.63, -76.60), 20 i 1994, leg. T. Erwin, det.? [ USNM]; 2 ♂♂, swamp, P.N.Y. (-0.6508, -76.3558, 200m), 15 xi 1997, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♂, same data but 16 xi 1997, leg. & det. TWD [ SWD]; 2 ♂♂, pond, P.N.Y., km marker 29.5, 17 xi 1997, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♂, [Pompeya Sur], S on [Pompeya Sur-Iro road] at km marker 31, borrow pit near Río Sabaleto   GoogleMaps (-0.6569, -76.4528, 200m), 17 xi 1997, leg. & det. KJT [ KJT]; 1 ♂, Puerto Francisco de Orellana, 8.2 km W on road to Loreto from Coca-Sachas Road, pond (-0.4578, -77.0381, 288m), 18 xi 1997, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA]; 3 ♂♂, Puerto Francisco de Orellana, 11.8 km W on Loreto Road, large pond (-0.4742, -77.0583, 285m), 18 xi 1997, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA, LSAM, QZAC]; 2 ♂♂, same data but leg. & det. TWD [ SWD]; 1 ♂, Puerto Francisco de Orellana, 12.3 km W on road to Loreto from Coca-Sachas Road, pond (-0.4750, -77.0747, 290m), 13 vi 1995, leg. & det. WFM [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, same data but leg. & det. SWD [ KJT].

* Zenithoptera lanei Santos, 1941  . Publ. Recs. ARG, BRA, PRY, PER, VEN: (H06), (P11); plus COL: (P16).

Addl. Data. NA, Tena: 1 ♂, J.S.B.S., near Tena, pond (450m), 18 vi 1994, leg. A. Jaramillo, det. DRP [DRP]; OR, Francisco de Orellana: 1 ♀, T. B.S., fogging, TLE Plot T-1, Sta. 8. FCS Work no. 095 (-0.6319, -76,1442, 220–250m), 2 x 2000, leg. T Erwin, det. WFM [ USNM]; 3 ♂♂, ponds near Comunidad El Rocio, (-0.5054, - 77.1569, 290m), 27 x 2013, leg. & det. CDK [ FSCA]; same data but 2 ♂♂, leg. & det. KJT [ FSCA]; La Joya de Los Sachas: 1 ♂, La Joya de Los Sachas   GoogleMaps, E, ponds, (-0.2202, -76.6987, 262m), 29 x 2013, leg. & det. CDK [ FSCA]; SU, Shushufindi, 1 ♂, stream about 3 km NW of Shushufindi, 2+ km N off Hwy. 26 at km marker 17 (-0.1664, -76.6917, 290m), 13 v 2009, leg. & det. KJT [ FSCA]; 1 ♂, same data but 14 v 2009 [ FSCA]; 1 ♀, same data but 14 x 2009 [ KJT]; 1 ♂, same data but 13 x 2009, leg. & det. JTJ [ JTJ]; 1 ♂, Shushufindi   GoogleMaps, SW, pond (-0.2201, -76.6989), 29 x 2013, leg. & det. KJT [ FSCA].

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

LSAM

Louisiana State Arthropod Museum

SU

Stanford University