Protoneura viridis Westfall, 1964

Ellenrieder, Natalia Von & Garrison, Rosser W., 2017, A synopsis of the Neotropical genus Protoneura (Odonata: Coenagrionidae), Zootaxa 4361 (1), pp. 1-76: 41-43

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4361.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:53489D29-C68F-44FD-9EA2-CFCA7B949630

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D2332A59-FF86-4E7D-FF5D-FCECFB5D695F

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Plazi

scientific name

Protoneura viridis Westfall, 1964
status

 

Protoneura viridis Westfall, 1964 

Figs. 21View FIGURES 21–24 (♂ habitus), 45 (♀ habitus), 67 (♀ mes. plate), 93 (gen. lig.), 117 (♂ app.), 119 (map)

Protoneura viridis Westfall, 1964b: 111  –119; Figs. 1, 3View FIGURES 1–4, 5, 7View FIGURES 5–8, 9, 11View FIGURES 9–12 (description of ♂ and ♀ from Virgin Islands, illustrations thorax, ♀ mesostigmal plates, and ♂ S10, diagnosis from P. capillaris  );— Paulson (1982: 260; Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands);— Daigle (1996: 13; Dominican Republic);— Rehn (2003: 212; in phylogenetic analysis);— Flint et al. (2006: 73; Dominican Republic);—Trapero-Quintana & Naranjo-López (2004: 180; in key for Cuba);—Trapero- Quintana et al. (2004: 17, Cuba, notes on biology);— Westfall & May (2006: 431, 433–435, 441, 442, Figs. 225C, 226D; in key to northern representatives of genus, characterization of adults, illustrations of ♂ S10, ♀ pronotum and mesostigmal plates);— Trapero-Quintana & Torres-Cambas (2008: 26; Cuba);— Garrison et al. (2010: 379);— Meurgey (2013: 300, 306, 326; distribution).

Protoneura capillaris nec Rambur, 1842  — Kolbe (1888: 165, 170; Puerto Rico); — Calvert (1909: 212; Jamaica);— Gowdey (1926: 2; Jamaica);— Klots (1932: 9, 80–82, pl. 1, fig. 13; Jamaica and Puerto Rico, illustration of Fw);— Misidentifications.

Protonenia [sic] capillaris nec Rambur, 1842  — Carpenter (1896: 261; Jamaica) —Misidentification.

Primary types. Holotype ♂. Virgin Islands, St. John , L’Esperance, 20 vi 1961, T.W. Donnelly leg. [ FSCA # 656View Materials]. 

Specimens examined. 90 ♂ 29 ♀: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, Peravia Prov.  : 1 ♂, Bani, 15 km N on El Recondo Road , along small partially shaded gently flowing stream, 2–5 feet wide and 2 feet deep with fish {18°20' N, 70°27' WGoogleMaps  , 70 m}, 29 vi 1999, F.C. Sibley leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]; La Vega Prov.  : 1 ♂ 1 ♀ (in tandem), Maimón River and tributary, 5 km NE of Piedra Blanca, 30 v 1991, S.W. Dunkle leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]  ; 4 ♂ 1 ♀ (in tandem), small shaded stream and pasture with small wet areas, 19.5 km NE of Jarabacoa (19°17'27'' N, 70°36'6'' W, 200 m), 3 viii 1983, R.W. Garrison leg. [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Jarabacoa {19°6' N, 70°36' W}, 4 vi 1969, O.S. Flint, Jr. & J. Gomez leg. [ USNMAbout USNM]; Dajabón Prov.GoogleMaps  : 1 ♂ 1 ♀, Villa Anacaona (19°15' N, 71°42' W), 3 vi 1986, R. Miller & L. Stange leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]; San Cristobal Prov.GoogleMaps  : 8 ♂ 2 ♀ (in copula), Cumu River , 14 km E of Puerto Plata {19°11'53'' N, 70°37'27'' W, 21 m}, 18 v 1995, O.S. Flint, Jr. leg. [ USNMAbout USNM]GoogleMaps  ; 9 ♂ 5 ♀ (3 pairs in copula), El Seibo, Quisibani River, E of El Seibo, road to Rincón Chavón {18°45'15'' N, 68°55'43'' W, 100 m}, 12 v 1995, O.S. Flint, Jr. leg. [ USNMAbout USNM]GoogleMaps  ; 12 ♂, El Seibo, 6 km E of El Seibo, near junction route 4 and road to El Cuey (18°44'44'' N, 68°59'14'' W, 120 m), 12 v 1995, O.S. Flint, Jr. leg. [ USNMAbout USNM]GoogleMaps  ; 18 ♂, La Toma , N of San Cristobal {18°30' N, 70°12' W}, 9–10 vi 1969, O.S. Flint & J. Gomez leg. [ USNMAbout USNM]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂ 1 ♀, tributary of Haina River, just N of Villa Altagracia on Autopista Duarte, at Los Arbolitos tree farm, rive and slough ponds {18°40' N, 70°10' WGoogleMaps  , 156 m}, 29 v 1991, S.W. Dunkle leg. [FSCA]; Distrito Nacional: 2 ♂, Arroyo Bermejo, 4 km N NE of Hatillo & Autopista Duarte (18°36'2'' N, 70°6'16'' W, 90 m), 27 viii 1980, R.W. Garrison leg. [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 10 ♂ 3 ♀, same data but 14 iv 1981, J.A. Garrison & R.W. Garrison leg. [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♂ 1 ♀, same data but [ CSCAAbout CSCA]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, same data but [ UMMZAbout UMMZ]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, same data but 29 vi 1984 [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 3 ♂ 3 ♀ (in tandem), same data but small clear rocky stream, 3 vi 1989, S.W. Dunkle leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, about 2 km E Berrio (18°35'49'' N, 70°9'10'' W, 70 m), 10 viii 2001, D.E. Perez-Gelabert leg. [ USNMAbout USNM]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂ 1 ♀ (in tandem), Isabela River , 2.5 km NNE of Hatillo /Autopista Duarte, rocky river with deep pools (18°35'45'' N, 70°6'9'' W, 70 m), 4 vi 1989, S.W. Dunkle leg. [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂ 1 ♀, same data but [ FSCAAbout FSCA]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂ 1 ♀, same data but J.J. Daigle leg. [RWG]. VIRGIN ISLANDS, St. John GoogleMaps  : 1 ♂, L'Esperance {18°26' N, 64°34' W}, 4–5 ix 1966, T.W. Donnelly leg. [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 3 ♂ 3 ♀ (paratypes), same data but 18–20 vi 1961, T.W. Donnelly leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]; St. Thomas GoogleMaps  : 1 ♂ 1 ♀ (paratypes, in copula), Turpentine run at Donoe {18°20'12'' N, 64°53'51'' W, 75 m}, 28 viii 1956, T.W. Donnelly leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]. PUERTO RICO, Río Piedras Municipality GoogleMaps  : 1 ♂ (paratype), Río Piedras (18°23'58'' N, 66°3'1'' W, 28 m), 19 xii 1940, J. Garcia-Diaz leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]; Río Grande MunicipalityGoogleMaps  : 1 ♀, Bosque Experimental Luquillo, Campamento Elisa Colberg by highway 186, Caribbean National Forest (18°20'28'' N, 65°49'43'' W, 200 m), 8 vi 1982, R.W. Garrison leg. [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, small stream on Hwy 186 near Hwy 187 (18°22'21'' N, 65°49'48'' W, 11 m), 10 xii 2016, N. von Ellenrieder leg. [ CSCAAbout CSCA]; Mayagüez MunicipalityGoogleMaps  : 1 ♂, Arroyo de Oro , past zoological stations, just N of Mayagüez (18°12'11'' N, 67°8'24'' W, 48 m), 31 viii 1980, R.W. Garrison & J.A. Garrison leg. [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ (paratype), Mayagüez, stream above ponds at Agricultural Experiment Station , 11 viii 1963, T.W. Donnelly leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]  ; 1 ♂ 1 ♀ (paratype), same data but [ USNMAbout USNM]  ; 1 ♀, Mayagues , 9– 15 ix 1975, J.D. Chinea leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]  ; 1 ♂, same data but 25 xi 1975 [ FSCAAbout FSCA]. JAMAICA, Kingston Parish  : 1 ♂, Kingston {18°0' N, 76°48' WGoogleMaps  , 53 m}, W. J. Fox leg. [ ANSPAbout ANSP]; St. Thomas Parish: 1 ♂, about 3 mi E of Bath {17°57' N, 76°30' WGoogleMaps  , 55 m}, 15 viii 1960, M.J. Westfall, Jr. & P. Drummond leg. [FSCA].

Characterization. Male: Epicranium, dorsum of thorax, and S1–3 metallic green with purple reflections, S4– 10 brown; S3–6 with small basal pale yellow spots and S7 with pale dorsal spot on basal half; pale colors pale yellow ( Fig. 21View FIGURES 21–24). Pronotum metallic green with lateral margins pale yellow. Mesepisternum metallic green; mesepimeron metallic green with two small distal pale yellow spots along mesepisternal-mesepimeral suture; metepisternum pale yellow margined dorsally and posteriorly by green; metepimeron pale yellow. Outer surface of leg pale yellow with tips of femur, tibia, and tarsi dark; tibial spurs shorter than twice intervening spaces. Genital ligula lacking lateral lobes and with a straight distal margin, with laterodistal corners of distal segment projected ventrally ( Fig. 93View FIGURES 92–96). Cercus longer than S10 length, about as long as paraproct, longer than wide in lateral view, with a longitudinal split along dorsal portion of external surface, delimiting a medial sclerotized branch which ends on a strong tooth directed medioventrally, preceded by a smaller subapical pointed tooth ( Fig. 117aView FIGURES 115–118); remainder of cercus foliaceous, medially concave, with a small triangular tooth at ventrobasal edge, and a long, curved thick pointed tooth at mediobasal edge directed medioposteriorly ( Figs. 117b, cView FIGURES 115–118). Paraproct longer than S10 length, at midlength narrowing to half its basal width and with tip widened and medially concave ( Fig. 117View FIGURES 115–118). TL 35–39.5; Hw 16–17.

Female: As male but dark areas metallic green with copper reflections; no pale spot on S7; posterior lobe of pronotum yellow; mesepimeron mostly green with yellow limited to ventroposterior edge; metepisternum yellow margined dorsally and posteriorly by green; pale lateral area of S9 extended along posterior half of segment almost to dorsum midline. Middle lobe of pronotum with pronounced lateral depressions; posterior lobe directed anterodorsally, entire and smoothly convex (Figs. 67a, c). Mesostigmal plate upright with anterior surface concave, posterior surface slightly convex, and dorsal margin narrowly carinated laterally, almost touching opposite plate anteromedially; paired adjacent mesepisternal cylindrical tubercles almost as high as mesostigmal plates located between their posteromedial corners (Figs. 67b, d). TL 33.5–37; Hw 18–20.

Diagnosis. Male cercus morphology, with a medial sclerotized branch which ends on a tooth directed medioventrally and remainder of cercus foliaceous, medially concave, with a small triangular tooth on outer ventrobasal edge, and a long, curved thick pointed tooth at medial ventrobasal edge directed medially ( Fig. 117View FIGURES 115–118), is shared with P. caligata  , P. capillaris  , P. dunklei  and P. sanguinipes  ( Figs. 100View FIGURES 100–102; 102; 106; 113). Within this group, P. viridis  resembles P. caligata  and P. capillaris  by the medial sclerotized branch of male cercus ending on a tooth directed medioventrally located at cercus tip ( Figs. 100View FIGURES 100–102; 102; 117) and by distal margin of genital ligula straight with laterodistal corners projected ventrally ( Figs. 74View FIGURES 71–78; 76; 93); in P. dunklei  and P. sanguinipes  the medial branch ends on a broad triangular tip located at about midlength of cercus ( Figs. 106View FIGURES 106–108; 113), and distal margin of genital ligula is convex triangular with laterodistal corners not projected ventrally ( Figs. 80View FIGURES 79–84; 87). Protoneura viridis  differs from males of all four species by pale yellow outer surface of legs with only tips of femora, tibiae, and tarsi dark ( Fig. 21View FIGURES 21–24); legs have pale colors blue or orange-red in the other species ( Figs. 4View FIGURES 1–4; 6; 10; 17), and by subapical tooth on cercus medial margin preceding long distal tooth ( Fig. 117bView FIGURES 115–118 vs. Figs. 100bView FIGURES 100–102; 102b; 106b; 113b). Female mesostigmal plates and adjacent cylindrical mesepisternal tubercles between their posteromedial corners resemble those of P. ailsa  , P. romanae  , and P. capillaris  , but differ by the slightly convex posterior surface of the plates in lateral view (Fig. 67b), which is concave in the first two species, and the anterior surface slightly concave, which is markedly convex in P. capillaris  (Fig. 52a).

Habitat and biology. Adults were found on shaded areas near some trees at a small sluggish ditch flowing through open fields in Jamaica, and mating and laying eggs in a series of seepage pools with tufa sides and gravel and mud bed with abundant fallen leaves, under which larvae were also found, in the Virgin Islands ( Westfall 1964b). In Cuba (Trapero-Quintana et al. 2004), adults were observed perching in the shade on branches of shoreline bushes overhanging rivers and flying close to water’s surface in backwater areas, between 11:00 and 12:00.

Distribution. Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands ( Fig. 119View FIGURES 119–120).

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CSCA

California State Collection of Arthropods

UMMZ

University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology

ANSP

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Odonata

Family

Protoneuridae

Genus

Protoneura

Loc

Protoneura viridis Westfall, 1964

Ellenrieder, Natalia Von & Garrison, Rosser W. 2017

2017
Loc

Protoneura viridis

Garrison 2010: 379
Flint 2006: 73Westfall 1964: 111

2006