Protoneura Selys in Sagra, 1857

Ellenrieder, Natalia Von & Garrison, Rosser W., 2017, A synopsis of the Neotropical genus Protoneura (Odonata: Coenagrionidae), Zootaxa 4361 (1), pp. 1-76 : 5

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4361.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:53489D29-C68F-44FD-9EA2-CFCA7B949630

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6030123

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/D2332A59-FFAA-4E52-FF5D-FA0AFCEB697A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Protoneura Selys in Sagra, 1857
status

 

Protoneura Selys in Sagra, 1857

Protoneura Selys in Sagra, 1857: 200 (470 French edition). Type species: Agrion capillare Rambur, 1842 [by monotypy]

syn Microneura Hagen in Selys, 1886: 206

Type species: Microneura caligata Hagen in Selys, 1886 [by monotypy]

Slender medium-sized coenagrionids (TL males 32–53.5 mm; females 30–45 mm); with narrow wings (1/7 or more as wide as long); usually with dark areas with metallic green or copper reflections, and pale areas red, orange, yellow, blue or green ( Figs. 1–46 View FIGURES 1–4 View FIGURES 5–8 View FIGURES 9–12 View FIGURES 13–16 View FIGURES17–20 View FIGURES 21–24 View FIGURES25–28 View FIGURES 29–32 View FIGURES 33–36 View FIGURES 37–40 View FIGURES 41–44 View FIGURES 45, 46 ). Frons angulate or rounded in profile; dorsal surface of antennifer carinate and its anterior surface flat. Posterior margin of pronotum smoothly rounded in males, in females entire or trilobed, directed posteriorly, dorsally or anterodorsally ( Figs. 50c View FIGURES 47–50 ; 54a View FIGURES 51–54 ; 59b View FIGURES 55–59 ; 60b; 63a View FIGURES 60–63 ; 67a, c View FIGURES 64–70 ). Antenodal space 1 about twice the length of 2, shared with Neoneura Selys, 1860 , and longer than 3; CuA and CuP&AA completely fused to wing margin; MP short, reaching wing margin at vein descending from subnodus or within the basal 1/2 of first cell posterior to it; IR2 arising at vein descending from subnodus; divergence of RP-RA (arculus) distal to antenodal 2; RP 2 in Fw beginning closer to postnodal crossveins 4–7 and in Hw closer to postnodal crossveins 4, 5; pterostigma from slightly shorter to slightly longer than underlying cell, with its costal side shorter to longer than its posterior side. Genital ligula with or without lateral spines on basal segment; always with an inner fold basal to flexure ( Figs. 71–96b View FIGURES 71–78 View FIGURES 79–84 View FIGURES 85–91 View FIGURES 92–96 ) and lacking inner process distal to flexure; laterodistal corners usually projected into short reflected processes ( Figs. 71b View FIGURES 71–78 ; 73–78b; 81– 86b; 90–93b) but sometimes not projected ( Figs. 72b View FIGURES 71–78 ; 79–80b; 87–89b); usually without lateral lobes between flexure and distal corners ( Figs. 71–89b View FIGURES 71–78 View FIGURES 79–84 View FIGURES 85–91 ; 93b), but lateral lobes, from slightly insinuated ( Fig. 90 View FIGURES 85–91 ) to small ( Figs. 91 View FIGURES 85–91 ; 92) present in P. tenuis Selys, 1860 , and well developed in P. woytkowskii Gloyd, 1939 ( Figs. 94–96 View FIGURES 92–96 ); tip of distal segment usually straight or slightly concave or convex ( Figs. 71–93 View FIGURES 71–78 View FIGURES 79–84 View FIGURES 85–91 View FIGURES 92–96 ), but strongly projected into a strap-like extension in P. woytkowskii Gloyd, 1939 ( Figs. 94–96 View FIGURES 92–96 ). Male cercus in lateral view shorter to longer than S10 ( Figs. 97–118a View FIGURES 97–99 View FIGURES 100–102 View FIGURES 103–105 View FIGURES 106–108 View FIGURES 109–111 View FIGURES 112–114 View FIGURES 115–118 ), with a ventrobasal process or tooth, a mediobasal process present or absent, and zero, one or two apical processes or teeth ( Figs. 97–118b, c View FIGURES 97–99 View FIGURES 100–102 View FIGURES 103–105 View FIGURES 106–108 View FIGURES 109–111 View FIGURES 112–114 View FIGURES 115–118 ). Male paraproct slightly shorter to much longer than cercus ( Figs. 97–118a, c View FIGURES 97–99 View FIGURES 100–102 View FIGURES 103–105 View FIGURES 106–108 View FIGURES 109–111 View FIGURES 112–114 View FIGURES 115–118 ). Epiproct small and rounded, no longer than wide ( Figs. 97–118b View FIGURES 97–99 View FIGURES 100–102 View FIGURES 103–105 View FIGURES 106–108 View FIGURES 109–111 View FIGURES 112–114 View FIGURES 115–118 ). Distal portion of female abdomen, from about midsection of S6 to tip, widened to about twice its basal width ( Figs. 25–46 View FIGURES25–28 View FIGURES 29–32 View FIGURES 33–36 View FIGURES 37–40 View FIGURES 41–44 View FIGURES 45, 46 ); tip of ovipositor (excluding stylus) not reaching to surpassing postero-dorsal margin of S10, but never surpassing tips of cerci.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Odonata

Family

Protoneuridae

Loc

Protoneura Selys in Sagra, 1857

Ellenrieder, Natalia Von & Garrison, Rosser W. 2017
2017
Loc

Microneura

Hagen in Selys 1886: 206
1886
Loc

Protoneura

Selys in Sagra 1857: 200
1857