Opisthosyllis flaccida ( Grube, 1878 )

Aguado, Teresa, Martín, Guillermo San & Ten, Harry A., 2008, Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from Indonesia collected by the Siboga (1899 – 1900) and Snellius II (1984) expeditions, Zootaxa 1673, pp. 1-48: 16-18

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.180233

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Opisthosyllis flaccida ( Grube, 1878 )

n. comb.

Opisthosyllis flaccida ( Grube, 1878)  n. comb.

Fig. 6View FIGURE 6

Syllis flaccida Grube, 1878: 118  –119 + p. 112, Pl. 7, fig. 6. Typosyllis flaccida  .— Licher, 1999: 246, 247, fig. 103.

Material examined. 3 Syntypes MPW 394, 2 Syntypes ZMB Q 4395, Philippines, Camiguin, Aibuhit. 2 spec. ZMA V.Pol. 1985.04 (as Syllis exilis  ), Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Isl., Bay of Bima, near south fort, trawl, dredge, muddy bottom with coral sand, 55 m, Siboga Expedition, Sta. 47, 8/ 12 April 1899.

Comparative material examined. Opisthosyllis leslieharrisae Aguado, San Martín & Nygren, 2005  . Type material MNCN 16.01 / 10264 - 66, USA, California, Santa Catalina Island, Wrighley Marine Science Centre, 1–4 m, 33 ° 26.7 ’N 118 ° 29.1 ’W.

Description. Largest syntype 37 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, with 121 segments. Specimens from Indonesia 27 mm long, 1.2 mm wide with 82 segments; 32 mm, 1.3 mm, 77 segments, respectively. Body broad and flaccid. Segments slightly annulated secondarily, with about four to five rings. Dorsal surface covered by small irregularly distributed dark inclusions ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 A). Prostomium wider than long, rectangular to oval, with two pairs of dark eyes in trapezoidal arrangement, anterior pair larger than posterior, eye spots absent. Palps broad, fused at base, with central groove, similar in length to prostomium, ventrally folded. Antennae, tentacular and dorsal cirri distinctly thick. Median antenna with 20 articles. Lateral antennae inserted on anterior margin of prostomium, slightly shorter than median antenna, with 16 articles. Triangular occipital flap partially covering posterior part of prostomium. Peristomium shorter than subsequent segments ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 A). Dorsal tentacular cirri with 32–35 articles, ventral pair shorter, with 20 articles. Anterior dorsal cirri with 21–24 articles, midbody and posterior dorsal cirri with 25 articles. Ventral cirri digitiform, inserted proximally, reaching tip of parapodia ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 H). Prechaetal and postchaetal lobes similar in length, on all parapodia. Seven heterogomph compound chaetae on anterior chaetigers, nine to ten on median and five to seven on posteriorly-most parapodia. Compound chaetae of anterior and midbody parapodia with slightly bidentate blades, proximal tooth small. Blade edge with short spines; distal part of shafts provided with minute spines ( Figs 6View FIGURE 6 B, C). Length of dorsal-most chaetal blades on anterior parapodia and midbody parapodia ca. 30 µm. Posterior compound blades unidentate, ca. 26 µm long, with short spines; shafts distally curved ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 D). Dorsal and ventral simple chaetae not seen. Four straight aciculae in anterior parapodia, three in median and two in posterior, all straight or slightly oblique ( Figs 6View FIGURE 6 E, F). Pygidium conical ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 G), two anal cirri with about 30 articles. Pharynx through eight segments, similar in length but somewhat narrower than proventricle, tooth long and slender, dagger-shaped, located on midline of pharynx. Proventricle through segment 9 to 14, rectangular to oval, with about 30 rows of muscular cells ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 A). Both specimens from Indonesia developing female stolons (oocytes accumulated in last 22, and 30 segments, respectively).

Remarks. The description above is based on the Indonesian material; the syntypes are longer and exhibit some variations in number of articles of antennae and dorsal cirri (median antenna 26–30 articles, lateral ones 18–22, tentacular cirri 40–45, dorsal cirri of anterior segments 25–35, midbody cirri 30–40 and posterior ones 25–28). A pharyngeal tooth located posteriorly in the pharynx is the principal diagnostic character for Opisthosyllis  and is visible, after dissection, in both the types and Indonesian material. The shape of the compound chaetae and presence of an occipital flap in O. flaccida  are also other diagnostic characters of Opisthosyllis  . Other species with a tooth in the middle of the pharynx are Opisthosyllis laevis Day, 1957  , O. longidentata San Martín, 1991  and O. leslieharrisae  . In contrast to O. flaccida  , O. laevis  have bidentate falcigers; O. longidentata  has thin dorsal cirri becoming pseudoarticulated in the posterior part of the body and bidentate blades with long spines and, finally, O. leslieharrisae  has papillae over the dorsum and bidentate blades with long spines ( Day, 1957; San Martín, 1991; Aguado et al., 2005).

Distribution. Philippines, Indonesia.


Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)


Universiteit van Amsterdam, Zoologisch Museum


Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales














Opisthosyllis flaccida ( Grube, 1878 )

Aguado, Teresa, Martín, Guillermo San & Ten, Harry A. 2008

Syllis flaccida

Licher 1999: 246
Grube 1878: 118