Piromis robertsi ( Hartman, 1951 ), Hartman, 1951

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I., 2011, Revision of Piromis Kinberg, 1867 and Pycnoderma Grube, 1877 (Polychaeta: Flabelligeridae), Zootaxa 2819, pp. 1-50: 21-23

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.277211

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Piromis robertsi ( Hartman, 1951 )


Piromis robertsi ( Hartman, 1951)  

Figure 8 View FIGURE 8

Semiodera roberti Hartman, 1951: 99   , Pl 26, Figs. 1–4 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 .

Piromis roberti: Hartman, 1961: 123   n. comb.; Fauchald, 1972: 416 n. comb.; Milligan, 1984: 47.5–47.7, Figs. 47.1 – 2.

Type material. Gulf of Mexico. Holotype (LACM-AHF - 526), Grand Terre (29 ° 16 ʹ 54 ʺ N, 89 ° 55 ʹ 45 ʺ W), Sugar House Bend, Louisiana, 25 Jun. 1942, J.H. Roberts, coll.

Additional material. Gulf of Mexico. Anterior fragment ( USNM 45650), previously dissected and first two chaetigers separated from the rest of the body, together with three anterior fragments of P. w e b s t e r i, Tampa Bay, Florida, 1963, J.L. Taylor, coll. (first neurohooks apparently from chaetiger 7). Anterior fragment ( USNM 55986), damaged, R/V Columbus Iselin, Sta. 2528 (29 ° 54 ʹ 58.6 ʺ N, 86 °04ʹ 58.5 ʺ W), 37 m. Anterior fragment ( USNM 74837) apparently fixed with alcohol, Sta. number not specified (30 ° 20 ʹ N, 88 ° 47 ʹ W) (first chaetiger with a trifid structure on its anterior margin). Anterior fragment ( USNM 75920), R/V Captain Brady Joseph, Sta. M 10 - 2 (29 ° 39 ʹ 52 ʺ N, 93 ° 28 ʹ 34 ʺ W), 9.8 m, Apr. 1982, G.R. Gaston, coll. (first neurohooks in chaetiger 5; second chaetiger with two ventral tubercles). Anterior fragment ( USNM 75921), R/V Captain Brady Joseph, Sta. M 10 - 2 (29 ° 39 ʹ 52 ʺ N, 93 ° 28 ʹ 34 ʺ W), 9.8 m, Apr. 1982, G.R. Gaston, coll. (first neurohooks in chaetiger 5; second chaetiger with two ventral tubercles). Two juveniles ( USNM 75922), one complete, R/V Captain Brady Joseph, Sta. M 10 A- 6 (29 ° 39 ʹ 52 ʺ N, 93 ° 28 ʹ 34 ʺ W), off Cameron, Louisiana, 9.8 m, Sep. 1982, G.R. Gaston, coll. (first neurohooks from chaetiger 5). A juvenile ( USNM 75925), broken in two, R/V Captain Brady Joseph, Sta. M 10 A- 6 (29 ° 40 ʹ0 9 ʺ N, 93 ° 28 ʹ 12 ʺ W), off Cameron, Louisiana, 9.4 m, Aug. 1981, G.R. Gaston, coll. (first neurohooks from chaetiger 5). One specimen ( USNM 754456), Sta. 27 (30 ° 18 ʹ 17 ʺ N, 88 ° 43 ʹ0 4 ʺ W), 2.6 m, 23 Oct. 1980 (tunic very thin with fine sediment grains; chaetiger 3 with thin bifid hooks, become thicker by chaetiger 4).

Description. Holotype damaged, most chaetae broken, cylindrical, compressed because of inadequate preservation ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 A); tunic papillated, with large sediment particles adhered, especially dorsally ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 B, D); papillae in two longitudinal rows dorsally, four rows ventrally, mostly eroded ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 C); each papilla cirriform, capitate. Holotype 58 mm long, 2.5 mm wide, cephalic cage 3.5 mm long, 107 chaetigers.

Anterior end damaged, everted, some portions already eroded. Cephalic hood short, margin unknown. Prostomium elevated; four eyes, fused, directed fronto- and posterolaterally. Caruncle well developed, separating branchial lobes. Palps lost, palp keels rounded, short. Branchiae cirriform, arising on tongue-like protuberance, about 60 filaments per side. Size relationships with palps or among themselves unknown. Nephridial lobes not seen.

Cephalic cage present, chaetae about 1 / 15 body length, or slightly longer than body width. Chaetigers 1–2 involved in cephalic cage; chaetae arranged in short rows, lateral and ventrolateral fascicles; each with 3–4 notochaetae and 2–3 neurochaetae per bundle. Anterior dorsal margin of first chaetiger with a median trifid lobe, projected anteriorly; anterior chaetigers with long papillae, chaetigers 2–3 with notopodial lobes. Chaetigers 1–3 of similar length. Chaetal transition from cephalic cage to body chaetae abrupt; chaetiger 4 with thick, bifid neurohooks (in one topotype). Gonopodial lobes not seen.

Parapodia lateral, well developed, especially in anterior chaetigers; median neuropodia ventrolateral ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 D). Notopodia with one pre- and three postchaetal papillae, each cirriform, capitate. Neuropodia with one pre- and two postchaetal papillae, smaller than notopodial ones.

Median notochaetae arranged in a short transverse row, 7–8 notochaetae per bundle, about as long as 1 / 3 body width; all notochaetae multiarticulated capillaries ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 E), basal and medial articles short, become longer distally. Neurochaetae multiarticulated capillaries in chaetigers 1–2, chaetiger 3 with a multiarticulated capillary with hooked tip, entire, from chaetiger 4 all neurochaetae bifid hooks, arranged in a transverse row, 7–8 hooks per ramus, continued to last chaetigers, many hooks broken, articulations shorter in anterior and median chaetigers ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 F), shorter in posterior chaetigers ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 G). Posterior neurohooks with 3–5 long articles; distal piece slightly falcate, tapering, bidentate.

Posterior region tapering slightly; pygidium with dorsal anus, exposed muscular ring, without anal cirri.

Remarks. Piromis robertsi ( Hartman, 1951)   resembles P. fauchaldi   n. sp. from the Gulf of California, because both species have large sediment particles on the tunic. They differ in three features: the number of notochaetae, presence of ventrolateral tubercles in chaetiger 1, and in the number of articles per neurohook in posterior chaetigers. Thus, while P. robertsi   has up to eight notochaetae per bundle, there are only five in P. fauchaldi   n. sp.; P. robertsi   has ventrolateral tubercles which are missing in P. fauchaldi   n. sp., where a group of papillae take the same position but not fused to form a tubercle. Finally, there are fewer articles per posterior neurohook in P. robertsi   (3– 7), while there are almost twice as many in P. fauchaldi   (10–12).

The name of the species should be changed since it was named after Mr. J.H. Roberts, the collector of the type material; the name is therefore emended to be spelled robertsi   ( ICZN 1999, Art. 33.2.1).

Distribution. Northern Gulf of Mexico, in shallow water.


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History














Piromis robertsi ( Hartman, 1951 )

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I. 2011

Piromis roberti:

Fauchald 1972: 416
Hartman 1961: 123

Semiodera roberti

Hartman 1951: 99