Thecadactylus solimoensis Bergamnn & Russell, 2007

Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A., 2015, Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. II. Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Sphaerodactylidae, Zootaxa 3981 (1), pp. 1-55: 8

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Thecadactylus solimoensis Bergamnn & Russell, 2007


Thecadactylus solimoensis Bergamnn & Russell, 2007 

Type-locality. Reserva Faunistica Cuyabeno, Estacion Biologia da Universidad Catolica, Sucumbios, Ecuador.

Pertinent taxonomic references. Duellman (1978 —identified as Thecadactylus rapicauda  ), Vanzolini (1986 —part, identified as T. rapicauda  ), Ávila-Pires (1995 —part, identified as T. rapicauda  ), Vitt & Zani (1997 — identified as western T. rapicauda  ), Russell & Bauer (2002 —part, identified as T. rapicauda  ), Kronauer et al. (2005 —identified as southwestern T. rapicauda  ), Bergamnn & Russell (2007), Gamble et al. (2011 b).

Distribution and habitat. Thecadctylus solimoensis  is endemic to western Amazonia, with its eastern distribution delimited by Negro River and Madeira river basin, occurring in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3). In Brazil it is known from the states of Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia, and Mato Grosso. Thecadactylus solimoensis  is arboreal/scansorial and nocturnal, inhabits primary and secondary forests, patches of forest in open areas and plantations, and perianthropic areas, where it is usually found on tree and palm trunks (under bark), and in man-made structures, close to the ground to 6 meters high, and also in bromeliads of large trees and in fallen tree trunks ( Dixon & Soini 1975; 1986; Duellman 1978; Rodriguez & Cadle 1990; Vitt & de la Torre 1996; Vitt & Zani 1996; Zani & Vitt 1997 —all identified as Thecadactylus rapicauda  or western T. rapicauda  ; Turci & Bernarde 2008; Whitworth & Beirne 2011). Vitt & Zani (1997) reported it (named western T. rapicauda  ) as more common in man-made structures than T. rapicauda  (named eastern T. rapicauda  ), and suggested that this happens because in western Amazonia the absence of Hemidactylus  spp. is more common in perianthropic situations than in eastern Amazonia, wherein they demonstrated strong competitive interactions.