Carabodidae C.L. Koch, 1837

Fischer, Barbara M. & Schatz, Heinrich, 2013, Biodiversity of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) along an altitudinal gradient in the Central Alps, Zootaxa 3626 (4), pp. 429-454: 438

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Carabodidae C.L. Koch, 1837


Carabodidae C.L. Koch, 1837 

Carabodes schatzi Bernini, 1976 

Distribution: Central and Southern Alps: Austria—North Tyrol, Northern Italy—Prov. Sondrio, Bolzano; Switzerland—Grisons; Caucasia

Habitat: alpine habitats

Obergurgl area: pine forest at 2050 m (Zirbenwald), Nardetum at 2300 m (Schönwieskopf); previous studies: pine forest at 2050 m (Zirbenwald), 2100–2190 m (dwarf shrub community), 2250–2340 m (alpine meadows with lichen communities), 2500 m (scree slope) (sub. Carabodes minusculus  )

Remark: Carabodes schatzi  seems to be restricted to the subalpine and alpine zone. This species is expected to have a broader distribution at least in Austria since it was probably confused with C. minusculus  in the past. Carabodes schatzi  therefore was classified as sub-endemic for Austria (Schatz & Schuster 2009). Recently this species was also recorded from Caucasia (Shtanchaeva & Subías 2010).

Nomenclatural remark: Carabodes (Klapperiches) schatzi Bernini, 1976  according to Shtanchaeva and Subías (2010) and Subías (2012)

Carabodes  sp. ( Figs 4–6View FIGURE 4View FIGURE 5View FIGURE 6)

Obergurgl area: pine forest at 2050 m (Zirbenwald)

Remark: This species belongs to the “femoralis” group (see Reeves & Behan-Pelletier 1998). The integument is dark brown. Body size ranges between 490–590 µm. The interlamellar region shows a chevron-shaped elevation, interlamellar setae are 40 µm in length, spiniform and inserted near the base of lamellae. The surface of the prodorsum is covered with minute tubercles, bothridium with small foveae. The dorsosejugal depression is narrow. The notogaster has irregular longitudinal ridges. Notogastral setae are 40 µm long and spiniform, setae c 2 are shorter (20–25 µm). This species shows morphological characteristics of Carabodes rugosior Berlese, 1916  and C. hoh Reeves & Behan-Pelletier, 1998  , but it differs from both species in the length of the interlamellar and notogastral setae, in sculpturing of prodorsum and in width of the dorsosejugal depression. Carabodes  sp. was only found in the lowest study site (pine forest, 2050 m) but there it was the fourth most common species in abundance. Recently we found this species also in adjacent regions of the Central Alps (unpubl.).