Onychocamptus tratensis, Boonyanusith, Chaichat, Saetang, Thanida, Wongkamheng, Koraon & Supiyanit Maiphae,, 2018
publication ID 
https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.810.29253 
publication LSID 
lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5361B3677FA8495D81B27151B77D2CB4 
persistent identifier 
https://treatment.plazi.org/id/3C3184B8A779436B87BAB009F324F54E 
taxon LSID 
lsid:zoobank.org:act:3C3184B8A779436B87BAB009F324F54E 
treatment provided by 

scientific name 
Onychocamptus tratensis 
status 
sp. n. 
Onychocamptus tratensis sp. n. Figs 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 22A, 23B
Material examined.
Holotype. Adult female, dissected and mounted onto two slides (PSUZCPK200301PSUZCPK200302). Allotype. One adult male, dissected and mounted onto two slides (PSUZCPK200303PSUZCPK200304). Paratypes. One undissected adult female, mounted onto one slide, (PSUZCPK200305). One undissected adult male, mounted onto one slide, (PSUZCPK200306). One adult female, dissected and mounted onto two slides, (PSUZCPK200307PSUZCPK200308).
All specimens were collected by S Maiphae and T Saetang from type locality on 9 January 2017.
Additional material.
Ten females and five males, all collected from type locality on 9 January 2017 and stored in 70% ethanol, deposited in crustacean reference collection, Zoological Museum, Kasetsart University (ZMKU_CP).
Type locality.
Samerrach peat swamp, Trat Province, eastern Thailand, 12°28'04.0"N, 102°21'20.6"E. Water temperature ranged between 28.83 °C, pH of 6.23, salinity 6.91 ppt, total dissolved solids 7.9 mg L1, and dissolved oxygen 4.41 mg L1.
Etymology.
The specific name tratensis is derived from the name of Trat Province, where the species was collected. The name is a noun in the genitive singular, masculine.
Differential diagnosis.
Laophontidae . Body gradually tapering posteriorly. One middle and two lateral rounded integumental windowlike structures on cephalothorax. Second and third urosomite fused ventrally in female forming genital doublesomite. Caudal rami cylindrical, both sides parallel, approximately 2.5 twice as long as wide, with one longitudinal row of minute spinules on inner margin near insertion of dorsal seta and horizontal row of minute spinules near insertion of inner terminal seta. Outer terminal seta (seta IV) fused at base with inner terminal seta. Allobasis of antenna without abexopodal seta. Endopodal lobe of P5 with two bipinnate and one plumose setae on inner margin and exopod of P5 with four plumose setae. Enp2 of male P3 with apophysis on outer distal corner; apophysis reaching the tip of enp3. Exopod of male P5 with three bipinnate setae, outer seta two times as long as supporting segment. P6 of the male reduced, with outer seta and inner bipinnate seta apically; inner seta approximately twice as long as outer one.
Description of adult female.
Body. Total body length, measured from tip of rostrum to posterior margin of caudal rami, 360450 µm (mean 400 µm, n = 14; 420 µm in holotype); preserved specimen colourless. Body covered entirely with setules, cylindrical; gradually tapering posteriorly, with maximum width at posterior part of cephalothorax. Prosome 1.3 times as long as urosome (including caudal rami) (Fig. 9A). Rostrum small, completely fused to cephalothorax. Cephalothorax as long as wide, approximately 0.5 times the length of prosome length, with one middle and two lateral rounded integumental windowlike structures on cephalothorax. Cephalothorax and all free thoracic somites with sensillumbearing tubercles along posterior margin. Second and third urosomite fused ventrally (Fig. 9C, D), distinct dorsally. Genital field ribbonshaped, with seta representing P6 at outer distal corner (Fig. 9C). The remnant of first abdominal somite (posterior half of genital doublesomite) with lateral sensillumbearing tubercles (Fig. 9C, D). Posterior margin of genital doublesomite and fourth urosomites with outer sensillumbearing tubercles; posterior half of genital doublesomite and fourth urosomite with posterior setules dorsally (Fig. 9D) and small spinules ventrally (Fig. 9C) between sensillumbearing tubercles. The penultimate urosomite with posterior setules dorsally and laterally, with one posterior row of spinules ventrally. Anal somite approximately 0.6 times longer than wide, with arch row of long spinules posterior to anal operculum (Fig. 9D), with ventrolateral row of minute spinules near insertion of caudal rami (Fig. 9C). Anal operculum poorly developed, with minute spinules along posterior margin (Fig. 9D).
Caudal rami (Fig. 9C, D). Cylindrical, both sides parallel, 2.5 times as long as wide, with one longitudinal row of minute inner spinules near insertion of caudal seta (VII) and horizontal row of minute spinules near insertion of inner terminal seta (V). Anterolateral accessory seta (I) minute, inserted, close to anterolateral seta (II), both subapical. Posterolateral seta (III) inserted on minute pedestal. Outer terminal seta (IV) slender, fused at base with inner terminal seta (V), the letter longest, without fracture plane, approximately 0.9 times as long as body length. Inner accessory seta (VI) slender. Dorsal seta (VII) triarticulate, inserted at quarter of rami. Length ratio of caudal setae to ramus length, from seta I to seta VII of holotype: 0.5 : 1.7 : 2.5 : 0.7 : 13.3 : 0.7 : 2.0.
Egg sac (Fig. 9E). Ovigerous female with two egg sacs ventrally between pair of P5, each with eight eggs.
Antennule (Fig. 10A). Short, 5segmented, large aesthetasc on third segment and small aesthetasc on fifth segment. Surface of all segments smooth, except for medial and distal rows of small spinules on first segment. Armature formula I[1], II[7+(1+aesthetasc)], III[8+aesthetasc], IV[1], V[9+acrothek]. Aesthetasc on third segment fuse basally to one smooth seta. Apical acrothek consists of one aesthetasc fused basally to two slender smooth setae. Only seta on first segment bipinnate, all other setae smooth.
Antenna (Figs 10B, 22A). Comprising coxa, allobasis, 1segmented endopod, and exopod. Coxa without ornamentation. Allobasis with one row of inner spinules, with 1segmented exopod; the latter with two apical and two lateral bipinnate setae. Free endopod with two strong sharp spines accompanied by several strong, short spinules along outer margin, distal end with five elements; one slender seta, two geniculate setae, and two strong spines.
Mandible (Fig. 11A). Gnathobase with strong, chitinised teeth and dorsal pinnate seta along cutting edge. Mandibular palp short, 1segmented, with five slender setae subequal in length.
Maxillule (Fig. 11B). Composed of robust precoxa, coxa, basis, endopod fused to basis, and 1segmented free exopod. Precoxal arthrite with six strong apical spines, with lateral spine. Coxa with cylindrical endite bearing two smooth setae. Basis with cylindrical endite bearing three setae. Endopod incorporated to basis, with three setae. Exopod free, 1segmented, with two subequal apical setae.
Maxilla (Fig. 11C). Composed of syncoxa, allobasis, and 1segmented endopod. Syncoxa with two endites; each endite with two apical pinnate setae, outer margin with spinules. Allobasis with apical drawn out into claw, with one anterior and one posterior seta. Endopod 1segmented, with two smooth apical setae.
Maxilliped (Fig. 11D). Subchelate, 3segmented, comprising syncoxa, basis, and endopod. Syncoxa with one pinnate seta at outer distal corner. Basis with two transverse rows of outer spinules, one of which near base of endopod. Endopod drawn out into strong naked claw, with one small seta near base.
P1 (Fig. 12A). Intercoxal sclerite naked. Precoxa small and triangular, with one row of spinules at distal margin (not shown). Coxa with one row of long outer spinules. Basis with one outer bipinnate spine and one inner plumose seta near insertion of endopod, with longitudinal row of anterior spinules medially, with long setules along inner margin. Both rami 2segmented. Exopod reaching proximal third of enp1; exp1 with one bipinnate outer spine, with one row of outer spinules; exp2 with three outer smooth spines and two apical geniculate setae, with row of outer spinules and inner setules. Enp1 approximately 4.4 times as long as wide, with one row of outer and inner setules; enp2 with one median strong outwardly curved clawlike smooth spine and one slender inner seta, with few outer spinules.
P2 (Fig. 12B). Intercoxal sclerite and precoxa as in P1. Coxa with two oblique parallel rows of long outer spinules (one on anterior and others on posterior surface), with one row of spinules at distal margin, and few spinules at inner margin. Basis with outer bipinnate spine, with spinules at base of spine, with one row of long spinules between exopod and endopod, and with one row of inner setules. Rami with 3segmented exopod and 2segmented endopod; endopod reaching tip of exp2. Exp1 with one outer bipinnate spine; exp2 with one outer bipinnate spine and one inner plumose seta; exp3 with three outer bipinnate spines, two apical elements (of which outer one spiniform seta with outer spinules and inner setules, inner element one plumose seta), and one inner plumose seta. All segments of exopod with several rows of strong outer spinules and inner setules, and only exp1 with one row of outer setules. Enp1 without armature, enp2 with two apical and two inner plumose setae. All segments of endopod with one row of long outer and inner setules.
P3 (Fig. 13A). Intercoxal sclerite and precoxa as in P1. Coxa with two parallel rows of long spinules along outer margin (one on anterior and other on posterior surface). Basis with one smooth outer seta; with spinules at base of seta and one row of inner setules. Segmentation of rami as in P2, endopod reaching to middle segment of exp2. Exp1 with one outer bipinnate spine; exp2 with one outer bipinnate spine and one inner plumose seta; exp3 with three outer bipinnate spines, two apical elements (of which outer one spiniform seta with outer spinules and inner setules, inner element one plumose seta), and one inner plumose seta. All segments of exopod with several rows of strong outer spinules and one row of inner setules, and exp1 and exp2 with one row of outer setules. Enp1 without armature, enp2 with one outer bipinnate seta, two apical, and three inner plumose setae. Outer and inner of all segments of endopod with long setules.
P4 (Fig. 13B). Intercoxal sclerite and precoxa (not shown) as in P1. Coxa with one row of setules and several outer spinules. Basis with one smooth outer seta; with spinules at base of seta and one row of inner setules. Rami with 3segmented exopod and 2segmented endopod, endopod smaller than exopod. Exp1 with one outer bipinnate spine; exp2 with one outer bipinnate spine and one inner plumose seta; exp3 with two outer bipinnate spines, two apical elements (of which outer one bipinnate spine, inner element one plumose seta), and one inner plumose seta. All segments of exopod with several rows of strong outer spinules and with fewer inner setules. Enp1 without armature, enp2 with one outer seta with plumose proximally and bipinnate distally, one apical plumose seta, and one inner plumose seta. Outer and inner of all segments of endopod with setules.
Armature formula of P1P4 as in Table 1.
P5 (Figs 13C, 23B). Baseoendopod and exopod separated with setules as figured. Baseoendopod with basal seta and three inner setae on endopodal lobe; one proximal bipinnate seta, one middle bipinnate seta and one apical plumose seta, with one row of spinules at base of each seta, as well as with one distal row of spinules between distal seta of baseoendopod and exopod. Exopod with four plumose setae, with row of inner and outer setules, and with spinules at base of innermost seta.
Description of adult male.
Body (Fig. 14A, B). Total body length, measured from tip of rostrum to posterior margin of caudal rami, 340360 µm (mean 350 µm, n = 3; 350 µm in paratype); preserved specimen colourless. Prosome approximately 1.5 times as long as urosome. Cephalothorax as long as wide, 0.5 times the length of prosome. All free thoracic somites with sensillumbearing tubercles along posterior margin, but fifth thoracic somite (first urosomite) with additional row of posterior setules dorsally. Second and third urosomite completely separated. Second urosomite with dorsal sensillumbearing tubercles along posterior margin. Fourth urosomite without lateral protuberances, with one posterior row of dorsal setules and ventral spinules. Ornamentation on next three urosomites as in female. Anal somite approximately 0.5 times longer than wide. Anal operculum as in female.
Caudal rami (Fig. 14A, B). As in female.
Antennule (Fig. 14C). 8segmented, large aesthetasc on fifth segment and small aesthetasc on eighth segment. First segment with proxim al setules and subdistal outer spinules, second segment with one row of outer spinules, other segments smooth. Armature formula I[1], II[9], III[3], IV[2], V[9+(1+aesthetasc)], VI[0], VII[1], VIII[7+acrothek]. Aesthetasc on fifth segment robust. Apical acrothek consists of one aesthetasc fused basally with two slender smooth setae.
Rostrum, antenna (coxa, allobasis, and endopod), mouthparts, and P1 as in female.
P2 (Fig. 15A). Intercoxal sclerite naked. Precoxa small and triangular, with one row of spinules at distal margin. Coxa with two rows of outer spinules. Basis with one outer bipinnate seta, with spinules at base of spine, and with one row of inner setules. Rami with 3segmented exopod and 2segmented endopod, endopod reaching to middle of exp3. Armature and all ornamentation of endopod as in female. Enp1 without armature, enp2 with two apical plumose setae and two inner plumose setae. All segments of endopod with one row of outer spinules and one row of inner setules.
P3 (Fig. 15B). Intercoxal sclerite and precoxa as in P2. Coxa with two rows of outer spinules. Basis with one outer plumose seta; with spinules at base of seta and one row of inner setules. Both rami 3segmented, endopod reaching to middle of exp2. Exp1 with one outer bipinnate spine; exp2 with one outer bipinnate spine and one inner plumose seta, inner seta much shorter than in female; exp3 with three outer bipinnate spines, two apical elements (both spiniform seta with outer spinules and inner setules), and one inner plumose seta, inner seta much shorter than in female. All segments of exopod with several rows of strong outer spinules and one row of inner setules except exp3. Enp1 without armature, enp2 with outer distal apophysis exceeding the tip of enp3, one inner plumose seta, and with one row of outer spinules and fewer inner setules; enp3 with two inner plumose setae and two apical plumose setae, and with one row of spinules at base of outer seta.
P4 (Fig. 15C). Intercoxal sclerite and precoxa as in P2. Coxa with one row of spinules along outer margin. Basis with one smooth seta on outer distal corner; ornamented with spinules at base of seta and one row of setules along inner margin. Rami with 3segmented exopod and 2segmented endopod. Exp1 with one outer bipinnate spine; exp2 with one outer bipinnate spine and one inner plumose seta, inner seta much shorter than in female; exp3 with two outer bipinnate spines, two apical elements (of which outer one spiniform seta with outer spinules and inner setules, inner element one spiniform seta), and one inner plumose seta. Endopod reaching tip of exp1; enp1 without armature; enp2 with one outer bipinnate seta, one apical plumose seta, and one inner plumose seta. All segments of exopod with several rows of strong spinules along outer margin, and with one row of setules along inner margin except exp3. Armature and all ornamentation of endopod as in female, but presence of one row of spinules at base of apical seta.
Armature formula of P1P4 as in Table 1.
P5 (Fig. 14B). With outer basal seta arising from long setophore; without endopodal lobe. Exopod with three plumose setae, outermost shortest, 2.5 times as long as segment, approximately 0.5 times as long as the middle seta.
P6 (Fig. 14B). Reduced to one minute rectangular protuberance, with one outer and one inner bipinnate seta; inner seta approximately twice as long as outer one and reaching posterior margin of next urosomite.
Variability.
In male, variability was observed in the exopod of antenna, four specimens with four setae and one specimen with five setae (Fig. 10D, E). In female antenna, two strong spines of distal end of endopod not fused in six specimens and fused in only one specimen (Fig. 10C).
Distribution.
This species is known from the type locality only. It was found in two months, January and September 2017.
No known copyright restrictions apply. See Agosti, D., Egloff, W., 2009. Taxonomic information exchange and copyright: the Plazi approach. BMC Research Notes 2009, 2:53 for further explanation.
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