Neanthes cricognatha ( Ehlers, 1904 )

Glasby, Christopher J., 2015, Nereididae (Annelida: Phyllodocida) of Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, Zootaxa 4019 (1), pp. 207-239: 218-219

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4019.1.11

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B6585E2A-7A06-4642-B21C-7DEC04F2DE53

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D96F87C7-C724-7759-FF27-36FDFC75833D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Neanthes cricognatha ( Ehlers, 1904 )
status

 

Neanthes cricognatha ( Ehlers, 1904) 

Nereis cricognatha Ehlers, 1904: 29  –30, Pl. 4, figs 3–7.

Neanthes cricognatha  .— Hutchings & Turvey 1982: 110 –111; Wilson 1984: 213 –214.

Material examined. AM: W. 43469, MI QLD 2394 (1); W. 47542 -T, MI QLD 2441 (1). NTMAbout NTM: W 22585 -T (1), Off Casuarina Beach  , 14 ° 40.82 'S 145 ° 26.67 'E, coll. P. Brock & N. Bruce, 15 Apr 2008; W 22733 (1), Day Reef, 14 ° 28.27 'S 145 ° 37.78 'E, coll. M. Blazewicz-Paskowycz, 13 Feb 2009; W 23965 (1), Mrs Watson's Bay, 14 ° 39.492 'S 145 ° 26.94 'E, coll. CReefs Lizard Team, 30 Aug 2010.

Diagnosis. Neanthes  species having three notopodial lobes/ligules (i.e., prechaetal notopodial lobe well developed) in anterior parapodia; broad band of paragnaths in Areas VII–VIII continuous with those in Areas V, VI.

Remarks. Neanthes cricognatha  belongs to the N. acuminata  species group, a world-wide distributed complex of similar species including the nominal species N. acuminata ( Ehlers, 1868)  , N. caudata  (delle Chiaje) and N. arenaceodentata Moore ( Reish et al. 2014)  . Although the name N. cricognatha  has been synonymised with both of the latter names previously, I follow Wilson (1984) in maintaining the name N. cricognatha  for the Australian and New Zealand forms, particularly as recent molecular studies have suggested that the species group contains multiple evolutionary significant units ( Reish et al. 2014).

Specimen AM W. 43469 was collected in the water column of the lagoon. It was not epitokous, but the welldeveloped parapodia and small, fragile body of this species suggest that it may be well equipped for swimming.

Habitat. Lagoon and fore reef, sand and Pessonalia algae, 2–10 m;?pelagic.

Type locality. New Zealand.

Distribution. Australia, widespread. First record for Lizard Island.

NTM

Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Phyllodocida

Family

Nereididae

Genus

Neanthes

Loc

Neanthes cricognatha ( Ehlers, 1904 )

Glasby, Christopher J. 2015

2015
Loc

Neanthes cricognatha

Wilson 1984: 213
Hutchings 1982: 110

1982
Loc

Nereis cricognatha

Ehlers 1904: 29