Pnyxia scabiei ( Hopkins, 1895 )

Broadley, Adam, Kauschke, Ellen & Mohrig, Werner, 2018, Black fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) found in association with cultivated plants and mushrooms in Australia, with notes on cosmopolitan pest species and biosecurity interceptions, Zootaxa 4415 (2), pp. 201-242: 226

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4415.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:41DE1572-F169-4177-B375-D806682534F6

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DA1B8F1B-E712-FFDF-FF51-FF51FE580B64

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pnyxia scabiei ( Hopkins, 1895 )
status

 

Pnyxia scabiei ( Hopkins, 1895) 

( Figs 11 A –CView FIGURE 11, 12 A –BView FIGURE 12)

Epidapus scabiei Hopkins, 1895  [ Hopkins (1895): 152 –157, fig. 10 a –f]. Common synonym: Peyerimhoffia subterranea (Schmitz, 1913)  .

Literature: Schmitz (1913): 212, figs 1–4 (as Peyerimhoffia subterranea  ); Johannsen (1912): 115, figs 136, 262; Menzel et al. (1990): 348–349; Menzel et al. (2006): 117; Menzel & Mohrig (2000): 453–455, figs 423–428; Mohrig et al. (2013): 225.

The lectotype of P. scabiei (Hopkins)  was reared from potato tubers in West Virginia, USA  , paralectotypes were reared from ordinary potting soil, stable manure, in a mushroom bed in a greenhouse and from seed tubers (Pennsylvania, USA)  . The species is known in Europe as a pest in glasshouse cucumbers (Germany), and has been reared from rotting narcissus and other bulbs. It has also been recorded damaging potatoes, paeony roots, tomato and cucumber seedlings (United Kingdom) and has also been found in open landscapes (mole holes and ant nests).

Diagnostic remarks. In both sexes the eye bridge is reduced to a sclerotized stripe (without ommatidia), ocelli are present, the antennae are long and the 4th flagellomere has a l/w index of about 3.0, the neck 1/3 of the length of the basal node, a one-segmented “spotlight-like” palpus, apically truncate, with sensillae and a large terminal sensory pit, postpronotum with a few hairs, fore tibia with indistinct bristles, spurs on p2 and p3 short, in males wings are shortened differently, the venation is aberrant; females are apterous (wings and halteres absent), scutellum reduced, pleural sclerites more or less regular, hypopygium on ventral base without lobe or bristles, gonostylus apically rounded, with a very short subapical tooth and a fine hyaline spine, tegmen large.

Body length: ca. 1.6 mm.

Economic importance: Recorded as a pest of potted glasshouse cucumber plants in the UK (Speyer 1922; Hussey et al. 1969) and in Germany (Mohrig pers. obs.). Sometimes called the “potato scab gnat”, and has been reported attacking hothouse cucumbers near Leningrad, potato fields and stores in the Ukraine and noted as a vector of root and tuber rot in vegetable storage cellars ( Gerbatchevskaya 1963).

Distribution: Holarctic.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Sciaridae

Genus

Pnyxia

Loc

Pnyxia scabiei ( Hopkins, 1895 )

Broadley, Adam, Kauschke, Ellen & Mohrig, Werner 2018
2018
Loc

Epidapus scabiei

Hopkins (1895) : 152