van der Hammen, L., 1959, Berlese's Primitive Oribatid Mites, Zoologische Verhandelingen 40, pp. 1-93: 56-57

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LOHMANNIIDAE  Berlese, 1916

The history of the conception of the present family is, more than in many other groups, a history of misunderstanding. The first-known species was described in 1884 by Haller as Michaelia paradoxa  ; the description is accompanied by rather detailed figures that represent a large mite of exceptional habitus. Because Michaelia  had already been in use for a mite of a different group, Michael (1898) altered the generic name into Lohmannia  1).

Canestrini (1891) and Banks (1895) regarded the type of the genus as belonging to the nymphal stage; some years after, the former (Canestrini, 1897, 1898) nevertheless described a related species as a Hermannia  ( Hermannia rubescens  ). Berlese (1896) described another related species as Angelia murcioides  ( Angelia  is a synonym of Nothrus  ). In the same year Berlese (1896b) thought that it was possible to classify M. paradoxa  in the genus Angelia  , between Angelia murcioides  and A. monodactyla  (now Malaconothrus  ), unless it would prove to be a larva (!); I remark that in the same note Berlese erroneously regarded the type of Michaelia paradoxa  as originating from America.

As mentioned above Michael (1898) altered the name Michaelia  into Lohmannia  ; he added Angelia murcioides  to the genus. In 1904 Berlese followed Michael's conception, but for unknown reason he spelt the generic name with an additional 0 (Lohomannia, Berlese, 1904b); he added several new species of which nowadays L. murcioides var. aciculata  only belong to the Lohmanniidae  .

In an outline of the System of the Acari  , Berlese (1913a, p. 8) created a tribe Michaeliini  (subdivision of the Nothridae  ), a heterogeneous collection of genera among which he mentions Lohmannia  as well as Michaelia  (!) 2).

In 1916 Berlese created, however, a new tribe Lohmannini  (Berlese, 1916a, p. 176), as subdivision of the Malaconothridae  ; this time the tribe consisted of the genera Lohmannia  , Perlohmannia  , Epilohmannia  , Malacoangelia  , and Eulohmannia  .

Oudemans (1917) created a separate family for the genus Lesseria  Oudemans (a synonym of Epilohmannia  ), whilst Grandjean (1931, p. 144) further restricted the Lohmanniidae  to the single genus Lohmannia  ; many new genera and species are since distinguished and added to the family.

Those of Berlese's " Lohmannia  " species that indeed belong to the Lohmanniidae  are insufficiently described, several types are no more present, so that the following representatives of the family are only preliminarily classified.

1) The generic name Michaelia  has been created within two months by three authors, viz.

1. Michaelia  Troussart (November, 1884; type: Dermalichus hetcropus Michael  , 1881);

2. Michaelia  Haller (December 18, 1884; now Lohmannia  Michael, 1898; type: Michaelia paradoxa Haller  , 1884);

3. Michaelia  Berlese (December 29, 1884; now Bimichaelia  Sig Thor, 1902; type: Michaelia augustana Berlese  , 1884).

Radford (1952, pp. 64, 165, 176) correctly regards Michaelia  Haller, and Michaelia  Berlese as preoccupied, but mentions Michaelia  Trouessart (1884) as a synonym of Michaelichus  (Trouessart & Megnin, 1885 !).

2) The complete list of the genera in question is: Lohmannia  , Eulohmannia  , Michaelia  , Malaconothrus  , Malacoangelia  , Archeonothrus  . I remark that the name Michaeliini  would result in a family-name Michaeliidae  that certainly must he suppressed for purposes of synonymy.