Tetramorium semilaeve Andre , 1883

Borowiec, Lech, Galkowski, Christophe & Salata, Sebastian, 2015, What is Tetramoriumsemilaeve Andre, 1883? (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), ZooKeys 512, pp. 39-62: 42-55

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.512.10006

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:307FD052-53D2-4472-90E0-A03F8F03A310

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DD01A308-2FF0-FE3C-2518-373C8A331107

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scientific name

Tetramorium semilaeve Andre , 1883
status

 

Taxon classification Animalia Hymenoptera Formicidae

Tetramorium semilaeve Andre, 1883 

Tetramorium caespitum var. semilaeve  André, 1883: 286 (terra typica: "toute la region méditerranéenne de l’Europe, de l’Afrique et d’Asie”).

Tetramorium semilaeve  : Dalla Torre 1893: 134; Bondroit 1918: 109; Müller 1923: 104; Santschi 1927: 54.

Tetramorium caespitum r. semilaeve  : Forel 1902: 148.

Tetramorium caespitum ssp. semilaeve  : Emery 1909: 700, 703; Menozzi 1926: 182.

Type material examined.

Lectotype worker (here designated, no. ANTWEB1008880): Pyrénées | Orientales || Type || TYPE || MUSEUM PARIS | COLLECTION | ERNEST ANDRÉ | 1914 (MNHN); two paralectotype workers: Pyrénées-Orientales | (de Saulcy ||TYPE || Tetr. caespitum | race semilaeve || MUSEUM PARIS | COLLECTION | ERNEST ANDRÉ | 1914 (MNHN); three paralectotype workers: Pyr. | orient. | (d. Saulcy) || TYPE II T. | semilaeve || MUSEUM PARIS | COLLECTION | ERNEST ANDRÉ | 1914 (MNHN).

Other material examined.

Pinned material. 4 gynes, 6 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales | Banyuls, Route du col, 196 m | 42.467 N / 3.141 E | 12 VI 2010, C. Galkowski || Collection L. Borowiec | Formicidae  | LBC-FR00043 (DBET); 3 workers, 4 males: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales | Banyuls, Col de Séris, 290 m | 42.452 N / 3.141 E | 12 VI 2010, C. Galkowski || Collection L. Borowiec | Formicidae  | LBC-FR00040 (DBET); 2 gynes, 3 workers, 3 males: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales | Banyuls, Col de Séris, 290 m | 42.452 N / 3.141 E | 12 VI 2010, C. Galkowski || Collection L. Borowiec | Formicidae  | LBC-FR00041 (DBET); 4 gynes, 2 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales | Banyuls, Col de Séris, 290 m | 42.452 N / 3.141 E | 12 VI 2010, C. Galkowski || Collection L. Borowiec | Formicidae  | LBC-FR00042 (DBET); 1 worker: [FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales ] Banyuls | Berland || MUSEUM PARIS | BANYULS-S-MER | PYRÉNÉES-ORIENTALES | L. BERLAND 1925 (MNHN); 3 gynes, 9 workers, 1 male: [FRANCE, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur] Plan de Tour | 25.6.83 || F. BERNARD || MUSEUM PARIS (MNHN); 1 gyne: [FRANCE] CORSE - près Corte | Vallee moyenne du | Tavignano 11.VI.1976 I Rec. CASEVITZ-WEULERSSE II pris s/pierre I ecles au labo. | 17.VI.1976 || Museum Paris (MNHN).

Alcohol material. 10 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales, Banyuls, Col de Séris, 42.452 N / 3.141 E, 12 VI 2010, leg. C. Galkowski (CG); 8 gynes, 6 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales, Banyuls, Col de Séris no. 2, 42.452 N / 3.141 E, 12 VI 2010, leg. C. Galkowski (CG); 18 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales, Banyuls, Col de Séris no. 3, 42.452 N / 3.141 E, 12 VI 2010, leg. C. Galkowski (CG);19 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales, Banyuls, Cap Béar, 42.515 N / 3.132 E, 12 VI 2010, leg. C. Galkowski (CG); 27 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales, Banyuls, Route du col, 42.467 N / 3.142 E, 12 VI 2010, leg. C. Galkowski (CG); 20 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales, Banyuls, Paulilles, 42.501 N / 3.126 E, 12 VI 2010, leg. C. Galkowski (CG); 17 workers: FRANCE, Pyrénées Orientales, Banyuls, Bartissol, 42.481 N / 3.124 E, 12 VI 2010, leg. C. Galkowski (CG); 7 workers: FRANCE, Corsica, Bastia, 42.655 N / 9.449 E, IV 2011 (CG); 7 workers: FRANCE, Corsica, Piana, 42.231 N / 8.552 E, 23 VII 2011 (CG); 2 workers: SPAIN, Baleares, Mallorca, Cala D’Or, 14 m, 39,36666 N / 3,21666 E, 7 V 2009, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 2 workers: SPAIN, Baleares, Mallorca, Cala Egos, 11 m, 39,35 N / 3,21666 E, 7 V 2009, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 21 workers: SPAIN, Baleares, Mallorca, Cap de ses Salines from Punta de Mila to Punta Galera, 5 m, 39,26666 N / 3,03333 E, 9 V 2009, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 5 workers: SPAIN, Baleares, Mallorca, Parc Natural Mondrago n. Cala Egos, 12 m, 39,35 N / 3,18333 E, 11 V 2009, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 1 gyne, 7 workers, 4 males: SPAIN, Baleares, Mallorca, Cap de ses Salines from Punta de Mila to Punta de sa Cresta, 8 m, 39,26666 N / 3,06666 E, 12 V 2009, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 6 workers: SPAIN, Baleares, Mallorca, Ermita de Betlem n. Arta, 378 m, 39,71666 N / 3,31666 E, 12 V 2009, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 4 workers: SPAIN, Baleares, Mallorca, Colonia Sant Jordi, 4 m, 39,31666 N / 2,98333 E, 15 V 2009, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 4 workers: Spain, Andalucia, Malaga Pr., road Ojén-Refugio de Juanar, 544 m, 36,59358 N / 4,85621 W, 6 V 2014, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 5 workers: SPAIN, Andalucia, Malaga Pr., Igualeja, 720 m, 36,63259 N / 5,1179 W, 7 V 2014, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 4 workers: SPAIN, Andalucia, Malaga Pr., road Marbella-Istán, 145 m, 36,53324 N / 4,94905 W, 11 V 2014, leg. L. Borowiec; 50 workers: SPAIN, Andalucia, Cádiz Pr., nr. Getares, 36,06698 N / 5,44166 W, 8 V 2014, 21 m, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 5 workers: SPAIN, Andalucia, Cádiz Pr., road Tarifa-El Bujeo, 262 m, 36,05206 N / 5,55 W, 9 V 2014, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 10 workers: SPAIN, Andalucia, Cádiz Pr., Venta de Ojén, 248 m, 36,15910 N / 5,58684 W, 9 V 2014, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 20 workers: SPAIN, Catalonia, Alt Empordà, Cap de Creus n. Cadaques, 203 m 42°18N/3°13W, 2 IX 2011, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); SPAIN, Catalonia, Alt Empordà, n. Llançà, 79 m, 42°21N/3°06W, 2 IX 2011, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 10 workers: ITALY, N Calabria, Scalea city-castle hill, 49 m, 39,81859 N / 15,78963 E, 25 VIII 2014, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 5 workers: ITALY, N Calabria, n. Grisolia loc. 2, 484 m, 39,71887 N / 15,88376 E, 2 IX 2014, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET); 4 workers: ITALY, N Calabria, n. Papasidero loc. 1, 162 m, 39,87390 N / 15,90534 E, 5 IX 2014, leg. L. Borowiec; (DBET) 5 workers: ITALY, N Calabria, n. Tortora, 388 m, 39,94668 N / 15,80452 E, 6 IX 2014, leg. L. Borowiec (DBET).

Redescription.

Worker (Figs 1-3, 5-9). Measurements and indices (n=15): CL: 0.723 ± 0.034 (0.637-0.771); POC: 0.293 ± 0.021 (0.246-.324); CW: 0.693 ± 0.037 (0.606-0.749); FR: 0.253 ± 0.015 (0.234-0.279); FL: 0.262 ± 0.017 (0.235-0.291); SL: 0.534 ± 0.03 (0.503-0.626); OMD: 0.18 ± 0.021 (0.145-0.223); EL: 0.13 ± 0.01 (0.106-0.145); EH: 0.091 ± 0.006 (0.078-0.101); ML: 0.781 ± 0.043 (0.737-0.894); SPSP: 0.133 ± 0.015 (0.112-0.179); SPL: 0.099 ± 0.007 (0.089-0.112); PEL: 0.184 ± 0.01 (0.167-0.201); NOL: 0.144 ± 0.013 (0.128-0.168); PPL: 0.176 ± 0.009 (0.156-0.19); PEH: 0.239 ± 0.018 (0.212-0.291); NOH: 0.158 ± 0.017 (0.14-0.218); PPH: 0.228 ± 0.02 (0.201-0.291); MW: 0.45 ± 0.027 (0.413-0.508); PEW: 0.22 ± 0.014 (0.201-0.246); PPW: 0.256 ± 0.018 (0.223-0.307); CS: 0.707 ± 0.036 (0.622-0.76); EYE: 0.155 ± 0.007 (0.143-0.166); CL/CW: 1.042 ± 0.013 (1.015-1.075); FR/CS: 0.358 ± 0.01 (0.345-0.378); FL/FR: 1.025 ± 0.02 (0.996-1.066); SL/CS: 0.756 ± 0.03 (0.732-0.841); MW/CS: 0.636 ± 0.018 (0.612-0.682); PEW/PPW: 0.861 ± 0.033 (0.801-0.918); NOH/NOL: 1.1 ± 0.113 (0.929-1.298); NOH/PEL: 0.86 ± 0.085 (0.819-1.085); NOL/PEL: 0.784 ± 0.045 (0.705-0.871); PEH/NOL: 1.66 ± 0.152 (1.399-1.922); PEW/PEH: 0.926 ± 0.049 (0.805-1.0); CS/PEW: 3.215 ± 0.089 (3.026-3.336); CS/PPW: 2.769 ± 0.154 (2.425-3.024); CW/MW: 1.541 ± 0.046 (1.435-1.602);

Small to medium size, CS: 0.707 [0.622-0.76]. In most specimens whole body pale yellowish-brown and appendages yellow, the palest specimens completely yellow, the darkest specimens yellowish-brown but never dark brown or black. Head nearly square CL/CW: 1.042 [1.015-1.075], with almost parallel sides, straight or slightly concave occipital margin and narrowly rounded occipital corners. Eyes small, EYE 0.155 [0.143-0.166]. Frons moderately wide, FR/CS 0.358 [0.345-0.378], frontal lobes as wide as frons, FL/FR: 1.025 [0.996-1.066]. Scape short, SL/CS 0.756 [0.732-0.841], without dorsal carina basally, surface smooth and shiny. Promesonotal dorsum slightly convex, metanotal groove shallow, but distinct. Propodeal teeth short, spiniform, apex of spine located approximately at 2/3 height of mesosoma. Dorsal surface of petiole flat to slightly convex, NOH/NOL 1.1 [0.929-1.298], petiole relatively high, PEH/NOL 1.66 [1.399-1.922], postpetiole distinctly transverse (Figs 1, 5). General appearance finely rugose, ground surface shiny. Head dorsum partly longitudinally rugose and shiny between rugae, rugae extend occipital margin of head, occiput mostly smooth and shiny, sides in anterior half longitudinally rugose and shiny between rugae. In most specimens between frontal rugose area and rugosities along ocular area on each side runs longitudinal band without rugosities (Fig. 8) but smooth area never exceeds 1/5 of the anterior surface of head; in extremely sculptured specimens almost whole frontal surface of head with long rugae with very small smooth patch between interrupted rugae and occiput with fine rugosities (Fig. 9), dark coloured specimens usually have more distinct sculpture than pale coloured specimens but strongly sculptured and completely yellow specimens were also observed. Alitrunk dorsum rugose and microreticulate but never reticulate, only occasionally rugae on pronotum partly interrupted with indistinct microreticulation but pronotum never with smooth and shiny areas (Figs 1, 5). Sides of pronotum and meso- and metapleuron usually coarsely microreticulate, sometimes reticulation tends to form transverse lines but surface never appears striate or rugose (Figs 2, 6). Dorsum of petiolar node smooth and shiny with sides carinate, lateral surface microreticulate. Dorsum of postpetiole smooth and shiny, sides microreticulate. First gastral tergite smooth and shiny. Whole dorsum, including head, covered with sparse setae, the longest on pronotum and the shortest on frons. Ventral surface of head with sparse short and 2-3 moderately long setae not forming a psammophore.

Gyne (Figs 10-13). Measurements and indices (n=11): CL: 0.999 ± 0.015 (0.983-1.027); POC: 0.378 ± 0.019 (0.34-.413); CW: 1.09 ± 0.05 (0.978-1.161); FR: 0.397 ± 0.009 (0.38-0.412); FL: 0.385 ± 0.018 (0.357-0.413); SL: 0.715 ± 0.015 (0.693-0.737); OMD: 0.223 ± 0.016 (0.212-0.257); EL: 0.274 ± 0.01 (0.257-0.291); EH: 0.218 ± 0.012 (0.193-0.235); ML: 1.699 ± 0.217 (1.053-1.813); SPSP: 0.267 ± 0.015 (0.24-0.291); SPL: 0.193 ± 0.01 (0.173-0.201); PEL: 0.298 ± 0.014 (0.279-0.324); NOL: 0.225 ± 0.022 (0.179-0.256); PPL: 0.301 ± 0.01 (0.285-0.313); PEH: 0.424 ± 0.011 (0.408-0.447); NOH: 0.283 ± 0.019 (0.257-0.313); PPH: 0.423 ± 0.017 (0.391-0.447); MW: 1.069 ± 0.04 (1.0-1.141); PEW: 0.393 ± 0.022 (0.348-0.419); PPW: 0.509 ± 0.019 (0.48-0.547); CS: 1.046 ± 0.032 (0.986-1.094); EYE: 0.235 ± 0.012 (0.219-0.251); CL/CW: 0.917 ± 0.038 (0.882-0.985); FR/CS: 0.377 ± 0.011 (0.36-0.393); FL/FR: 0.978 ± 0.035 (0.913-1.027); SL/CS: 0.686 ± 0.019 (0.654-0.717); MW/CS: 1.024 ± 0.043 (0.94-1.088); PEW/PPW: 0.773 ± 0.035 (0.692-0.821); NOH/NOL: 1.266 ± 0.136 (1.094-1.587); NOH/PEL: 0.949 ± 0.053 (0.883-1.036); NOL/PEL: 0.755 ± 0.059 (0.63-0.847); PEH/NOL: 1.9 ± 0.175 (1.746-2.374); PEW/PEH: 0.931 ± 0.048 (0.818-0.971); CS/PEW: 2.62 ± 0.123 (2.475-2.879); CS/PPW: 2.052 ± 0.085 (1.947-2.185); CW/MW: 1.02 ± 0.057 (0.911-1.129); WAIST: 0.871 ± 0.035 (0.817-0.918).

Moderate size, CS 1.046 [0.986-1.094]. Whole body brown, appendages yellowish. Head wider than long, CL/CW 0.917 [0.882-0.985], with straight subparallel sides, shallowly emarginate occipital margin and narrowly rounded occipital corners. Frons moderately wide, FR/CS 0.377 [0.36-0.393], frontal lobes as wide as frons, FL/FR 0.978 [0.913-1.027]. Scape short, SL/CS 0.686 [0.654-0.717], without dorsal carina basally, smooth and shiny. Head as wide as scutum, MW/CS 1.024 [0.94-1.088]. Propodeal teeth very short. Dorsal crest of petiolar node in frontal view straight. Petiolar node dorsum steeply rounded backward. Petiole and postpetiole relatively nar row, WAIST 0.871 [0.817-0.918]. General appearance smooth and shiny. Head dorsum, occiput and sides rugulose, ground surface shiny or indistinctly microreticulate. Frons longitudinally rugulose (Fig. 12). Mesosoma flat, pronotum visible from above. Scutum and scutellum punctate along sides, in most specimens smooth and shiny (Fig. 13), only occasionally scutellum in corners with very short rugae and scutum in basal part with thin longitudinal rugae never extending to half length of scutum. Sides of pronotum ruguloso-reticulate and feebly microreticulate, anepisternum mostly smooth and shiny only in dorsal part with fine longitudinal rugae, katepisternum smooth and shiny. Dorsum of petiolar node distinctly reticulate and smooth, posterior surface granulate and more or less transversely rugose. Postpetiole distinctly transverse, sides narrowly rounded to subangulate (Fig. 10), dorsum of postpetiole smooth, sides granulate. First gastral tergite smooth and shiny. Whole dorsum, including head, covered with short, sparse setae. Ventral surface of head with several short setae, as long as to 1.5 times longer than frontal setae, arising posteriorly to buccal cavity.

Male (Figs 14-19). Measurements and indices (n=10): CL: 0.667 ± 0.018 (0.637-0.693); POC: 0.279 ± 0.019 (0.263-.313); CW: 0.807 ± 0.024 (0.771-0.827); FR: 0.238 ± 0.012 (0.221-0.257); FL: 0.292 ± 0.013 (0.277-0.307); SL: 0.333 ± 0.016 (0.307-0.358); OMD: 0.068 ± 0.016 (0.056-0.089); EL: 0.312 ± 0.01 (0.302-0.324); EH: 0.251 ± 0.011 (0.235-0.263); ML: 1.716 ± 0.069 (1.626-1.785); SPSP: 0.226 ± 0.014 (0.212-0.246); SPL: 0.205 ± 0.013 (0.184-0.223); PEL: 0.275 ± 0.017 (0.257-0.302); NOL: 0.176 ± 0.018 (0.156-0.201); PPL: 0.287 ± 0.017 (0.263-0.302); PEH: 0.286 ± 0.022 (0.257-0.313); NOH: 0.163 ± 0.01 (0.156-0.179); PPH: 0.418 ± 0.015 (0.391-0.425); MW: 1.125 ± 0.056 (1.056-1.223); PEW: 0.337 ± 0.023 (0.307-0.368); PPW: 0.478 ± 0.022 (0.453-0.503); CS: 0.737 ± 0.019 (0.704-0.755); EYE: 0.382 ± 0.009 (0.37-0.395); CL/CW: 0.826 ± 0.023 (0.797-0.857); FR/CS: 0.323 ± 0.012 (0.314-0.345); FL/FR: 1.228 ± 0.06 (1.132-1.306); SL/CS: 0.452 ± 0.015 (0.436-0.478); MW/CS: 1.528 ± 0.093 (1.411-1.684); PEW/PPW: 0.705 ± 0.04 (0.668-0.767); NOH/NOL: 0.928 ± 0.076 (0.812-1.0); NOH/PEL: 0.595 ± 0.059 (0.517-0.668); NOL/PEL: 0.643 ± 0.069 (0.559-0.75); PEH/NOL: 1.625 ± 0.114 (1.502-1.788); PEW/PEH: 1.182 ± 0.061 (1.1-1.284); CS/PEW: 2.216 ± 0.165 (2.019-2.438); CS/PPW: 1.558 ± 0.085 (1.443-1.652); CW/MW: 0.719 ± 0.045 (0.639-0.783)

Whole body dark brown, appendages yellowish. Head with feebly convex sides, slightly rounded occipital margin and widely rounded occipital corners. Scutum distinctly wider than head. Propodeum rounded in profile or with only indistinct angulation in position of propodeal teeth. Dorsal crest of petiolar node with obtuse transversal edge, slightly emarginated in frontal view. Head distinctly granulate, dull, scutum in anterior part and laterally smooth and shiny, rest microreticulate. Scutellum ostly smooth and shiny, at corners microreticulate and in anterior part with thin transverse rugosities. Sides of alitrunk smooth and shiny. Dorsum of petiolar node microgranulate and microreticulate, dull, postpetiole mostly microreticulate only top partly smooth and shiny. First gastral tergite smooth and shiny. Male genitalia stout (Figs 16-18), in lateral view only slightly constricted before apex with obtuse inner angle, top shortly and sparsely pubescent, ventral and dorsal margins of parameres shallowly incised, top of inner margin of paramere before apical denticle straight with dentiform plate distinctly clearly extending beyond the sharp edge of paramere (Fig. 19, arrow indices this plate).

Diagnosis.

Tetramorium semilaeve  belongs to the group of Mediterranean species with workers pale-coloured, from yellow to yellowish-brown but never dark brown or black, head sculpture partly reduced, at least with postocular area and sides of frons without distinct striation but with at least half of the surface of the anterior part of head striate, striae on top of head not diverging laterally, pronotum mostly striate, sides of mesosoma only microreticulate and microgranulate without carinae, short propodeal spines, petiole and postpetiole dorsally with polished area, and first ab dominal tergite smooth and shiny, without microreticulation or striation; gyne with flat mesonotal plate, without a distinct striation or the striation is indistinct, short not extending behind half length of the plate, scutellum without striation or only on sides with short, indistinct striae, postpetiole not enlarged; male genitalia stout, in lateral view only slightly constricted before apex, ventral and dorsal margins of parameres shallowly incised, top of inner margin of paramere before apical denticle straight with dentiform plate distinctly clearly extending beyond the sharp edge of paramere (Fig. 19, arrow indices this plate). The presence of dentiform plate on top of the inner margin of paramere is the best character distinguishing Tetramorium semilaeve  from all other species related to this taxon.

Biological data.

Tetramorium semilaeve  prefers very warm and dry places. Most observed nests were located in the littoral zone on the flat, sandy areas covered with sparse vegetation or on stony pastures. The locality with the highest altitude in the examined material here is from Andalucia, Igualeja placed 720 m a.s.l. Sanetra et al. (1999) noted that in Italy most samples were collected below 1000 m a.s.l. and only occasionally above this altitude. All nests were located under stones, from small to very large size, and consisted of from several to several hundred workers. Because gynes were rarely collected, Sanetra et al. (1999) suggested that this species is monogynous but we observed more than one gyne in one nest in five cases. The following ant species were recorded in the same areas as Tetramorium semilaeve  :

France, Banyuls, Col de Séris: Camponotus aethiops  (Latreille), Lasius myops  Forel, Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Temnothorax recedens  (Nylander), Tetramorium  sp.;

France, Banyuls, Cap Béar: Aphaenogaster senilis  Mayr, Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Tapinoma nigerrimum  (Nylander), Temnothorax niger  (Forel), Tetramorium  sp.;

France, Banyuls, Route du col: Cataglyphis piliscapa  (Forel), Lasius lasioides  (Emery), Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Solenopsis fugax  (Latreille), Tetramorium  sp.;

France, Banyuls, Paulilles: Aphaenogaster senilis  Mayr, Iberoformica subrufa  (Roger), Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Tapinoma nigerrimum  (Nylander), Temnothorax kutteri  (Cagniant ), Temnothorax niger  (Forel), Tetramorium  sp.;

France, Corsica, Bastia: Aphaenogaster spinosa  Emery, Crematogaster scutellaris  (Olivier), Formica cunicularia  Latreille, Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Temnothorax exilis  (Emery), Tetramorium  sp.;

France, Corsica, Piana: Aphaenogaster spinosa  Emery, Formica cunicularia  Latreille, Messor minor  ( André), Messor wasmanni  Krausse, Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Solenospis fugax  (Latreille), Tapinoma nigerrimum  (Nylander), Tetramorium  sp., Tetramorium meridionale  Emery;

Mallorca, Cap de ses Salines from Punta de Mila to Punta de sa Cresta: Crematogaster laestrygon  Emery, Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Plagiolepis schmitzii  Forel, Temnothorax  sp.;

Mallorca, Cap de ses Salines from Punta de Mila to Punta Galera: Camponotus ruber  Emery, Crematogaster auberti  Emery, Lasius lasioides  (Emery), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Plagiolepis schmitzii  Forel;

Mallorca, Cala D’Or: Messor cf. structor  ;

Mallorca, Parc Natural Mondrago: Camponotus ruber  Emery, Crematogaster laestrygon  Emery, Linepithema humile  (Mayr), Messor bouvieri  Bondroit, Messor cf. structor  , Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille);

Mallorca, Ermita de Betlem n. Arta: Crematogaster auberti  Emery, Crematogaster laestrygon  Emery, Crematogaster scutellaris  (Olivier), Lasius grandis  Forel, Lasius lasioides  (Emery), Messor bouvieri  Bondroit, Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Plagiolepis xene  Stärcke, Tapinoma madeirense  Forel, Temnothorax algiricus  Forel, Temnothorax recedens  (Nylander);

Mallorca, Colonia Sant Jordi: Linepithema humile  (Mayr), Messor bouvieri  Bondroit, Messor cf. structor  , Monomorium salomonis  (Linnaeus), Temnothorax  sp.;

Andalucia, road Ojén-Refugio de Juanar: Aphaenogaster gibbosa  (Latreille), Camponotus foreli  Emery, Camponotus pilicornis  (Roger), Iberoformica subrufa  (Roger), Plagiolepis schmitzii  Forel, Tapinoma nigerrimum  (Nylander);

Andalucia, road Marbella-Istán: Camponotus foreli  Emery, Crematogaster auberti  Emery, Crematogaster sordidula  (Nylander), Iberoformica subrufa  (Roger), Monomorium salomonis  (Linnaeus), Plagiolepis schmitzii  Forel;

Andalucia, nr. Getares: Anochetus ghilianii  (Spinola), Camponotus barbaricus  Emery, Crematogaster auberti  Emery, Goniomma hispanicum  ( André), Messor barbarus  (Linnaeus), Tapinoma nigerrimum  (Nylander), Temnothorax cf. flavispinus  ;

Andalucia, road Tarifa-El Bujeo: Anochetus ghilianii  (Spinola), Aphaenogaster senilis  Mayr, Camponotus barbaricus  Emery, Camponotus gestroi  , Messor barbarus  (Linnaeus), Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Tapinoma nigerrimum  (Nylander), Temnothorax cf. flavispinus  ;

Andalucia, Venta de Ojén: Camponotus cruentatus  (Latreille), Cataglyphis iberica  (Emery), Temnothorax cf. luteus  ;

Calabria, Scalea city-castle hill: Aphaenogaster campana  Emery, Camponotus piceus  (Leach), Hypoponera eduardi  (Forel), Lasius emarginatus  (Olivier), Lepisiota frauenfeldi  (Mayr), Linepithema humile  (Mayr), Messor capitatus  (Latreille), Messor wasmanni  Krausse, Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis taurica  Santschi, Tapinoma nigerrimum  (Nylander);

Calabria, n. Grisolia loc. 2: Aphaenogaster campana  Emery, Bothriomyrmex communistus  Santschi, Camponotus aethiops  (Latreille), Camponotus lateralis  (Olivier), Camponotus piceus  (Leach), Crematogaster scutellaris  (Olivier), Lasius emarginatus  (Olivier), Lasius myops  Forel, Messor capitatus  (Latreille), Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Plagiolepis xene  Stärcke, Solenopsis fugax  Latreille, Temnothorax exilis  (Emery), Temnothorax flavicornis  (Emery), Temnothorax leviceps  (Emery);

Calabria, n. Papasidero loc. 1: Aphaenogaster campana  Emery, Camponotus aethiops  (Latreille), Camponotus dalmaticus  (Nylander), Camponotus lateralis  (Olivier), Camponotus nylanderi  Emery, Crematogaster scutellaris  (Olivier), Crematogaster sordidula  (Nylander), Lasius emarginatus  (Olivier), Messor capitatus  (Latreille), Messor wasmanni  Krausse, Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Temnothorax flavicornis  (Emery), Temnothorax leviceps  (Emery), Temnothorax recedens  (Nylander);

Calabria, n. Tortora: Aphaenogaster campana  Emery, Camponotus lateralis  (Olivier), Camponotus nylanderi  Emery, Crematogaster scutellaris  (Olivier), Lasius emarginatus  (Olivier), Lasius myops  Forel, Messor wasmanni  Krausse, Pheidole pallidula  (Nylander), Plagiolepis pygmaea  (Latreille), Temnothorax leviceps  (Emery), Temnothorax lichtensteini  (Bondroit), Temnothorax recedens  (Nylander).