Aphis (Aphis) luzuriagae, Ciruelos, Sara I. Lopez, Brown, Paul A. & Nafria, Juan M. Nieto, 2018

Ciruelos, Sara I. Lopez, Brown, Paul A. & Nafria, Juan M. Nieto, 2018, Two new species of the genus Aphis (Hemiptera, Aphididae) from Chile on host species of Alstroemeriaceae and Ericaceae, ZooKeys 738, pp. 37-45: 37

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.738.21966

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3B9D8D4B-970D-45D6-B716-82F919B88A8C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C1F8F288-747A-404A-83F7-E9546F33D568

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:C1F8F288-747A-404A-83F7-E9546F33D568

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Aphis (Aphis) luzuriagae
status

sp. n.

Aphis (Aphis) luzuriagae  sp. n.

Types.

Holotype, apterous viviparous female (measured specimen number 5, mounted with two nymphs): CHILE, Region VII Bio Bio, province Nuble, East of Chillan "fundo Borges", 7 November 1974, on Luzuriaga radicans  , Hille Ris Lambers leg. [867], Natural History Museum collection (BMNH(E) 1984-340). Paratypes: 27 apterous viviparous females [apt] and 5 alate viviparous females [al] mounted on 20 slides, Natural History Museum collection (BMNH(E) 1984-340); same data as the holotype (4 apt); same locality and date and sample number as the holotype, on Luzuriaga  sp. (1 apt & 1 al); same locality, date and sample number, on Luzuriaga  sp. [ Luzuriaga falcata  on the label, a name that is unknown to us] (6 apt & 4 al); CHILE, Region IX La Araucania, province Cautin, Temuco "cerro Nielol", 18 November 1974, on Luzuriaga  sp., Hille Ris Lambers leg. [908] (1 apt); CHILE, Region X Los Lagos, province Osorno, Puyehue National Park, 21 November 1974, on Luzuriaga radicans  , Hille Ris Lambers leg. [910] (2 apt); CHILE, Region X Los Lagos, province Chiloe, Huillinco lake, 23 November 1974, on Luzuriaga  sp., Hille Ris Lambers leg. [918] (3 apt) and Tollenaar leg. [Hille Ris Lambers 919] (10 apt.).

Apterous viviparous females.

(Figs 1, 2), from 28 specimens, of which 25 have been measured. Colour when alive unknown. When prepared pale in general, with head, including clypeus, mandibular and maxillary lames, antennae, rostrum, legs, dorso-thoracic sclerites, spiracular sclerites, genital and anal plates, and cauda tenuously brown pigmented, and siphunculi brown to dark brown. Body 1.37-1.95 mm long, 1.76-2.52 times hind tibia (0.68-1.03 mm) and 4.09-6.29 times siphunculus. Head with a marked ventral protuberance, which is long-elliptical, rugous and carries two setae. Antenna 1.13-1.61 mm and 0.66-0.92 times body length. Antennal segment III 0.25-0.39 mm and 0.68-0.96 times segment VI processus terminalis, dorsally near smooth, and with 6-12 blunt pale setae, 12-23 µm and 0.4-0.8 times subarticular diameter of antennal segment III [D], shorter than those on vertex (22-30 µm and 0.8-1.1 times D), which are similar in shape. Antennal segments IV and V respectively 0.16-0.28 and 0.15-0.22 mm. Antennal segment VI processus terminalis 0.32-0.45 mm and 2.67-3.82 times base of segment (0.10-0.13 mm). Rostrum reaching to or slightly beyond the hind coxae; ultimate rostral segment 0.11-0.13 mm, 0.96-1.20 times base of antennal segment VI, 1.00-1.33 times second segment of hind tarsi, relatively broad with convex sides and with 2 long and fine accessory setae. Dorsum of thorax usually with wide but lightly pigmented marginal sclerites. Prothoracic marginal tubercles low and relatively wide, nearly similar in volume to triommatidium. Inside setae on hind trochanter 32-53 µm and 0.5-1.1 times trochantrofemoral suture; dorsal setae on hind femora 15-25 µm and 0.5-1.0 times D. Tarsi and apex of tibiae darker than the rest of legs, except the femoro-tibial joint which is nearly black. Apical brown portion of tibiae larger than rest of segment. Tarsi very short, first segments with (2)3.3.3(2) setae. Marginal tubercles on abdominal segments 1 and 7 small, their diameter is shorter than length of closest marginal setae, and sometimes lacking on some segments and/or sides. Intermediate abdominal segments without marginal tubercles. Dorsum of abdomen without sclerites other than spiracular ones, which are small and brown. Dorsal setae on thorax and abdomen also blunt or slightly pointed; marginal setae on intermediate abdominal segments 17-25 µm and 0.6-1.0 times D. Abdominal segment 8 with two setae, 27-35 µm and 0.8-1.6 times D. Siphunculi tapering in general, with apical portion slightly enlarged, poorly ornamented and without flange, 0.26-0.42 mm, 1.93-2.59 times cauda, and (4.33)5.09-6.67(7.10) times its diameter at mid length. Cauda robust, nearly triangular, the proximal part being straight-sided without or with a very small constriction, sometimes more pigmented towards apex, 0.12-0.17 mm and 1.04-1.35 times its basal width, with 4-7 long, delicate and curved setae.

Alate viviparous females.

From 5 specimens, all of them measured. Very similar to apterous viviparous females but with darker head, antennae and legs, antennal segment III imbricate-spinulose and brown thorax; two specimens lack dorsal abdominal pigmented sclerites, one specimen has lightly pigmented and spinulose abdominal sclerites: small marginal on segment 1, wide marginal on segments 2-6, and broad transverse on each of segments 7 and 8, and two other specimens exhibit intermediate sclerotization and pigmentation. Secondary sensoria on antennal segments III and IV; 6-10 on III extended along segment and 1-4 on IV. Body 1.50-1.80 mm long, 1.76-1.77 times hind tibia (0.85-1.00 mm) and 5.17-6.04 times siphunculus. Antenna 1.41-1.72 mm and 0.88-1.00 times body length. Antennal segment III 0.31-0.42 mm and 0.71-0.88 times segment VI processus terminalis. Setae on antennal segment III 15-18 µm and 0.5-0.8 times D. Setae on vertex 17-23 µm and 0.6-1.0 times D. Antennal segment IV 0.22-0.29 mm. Antennal segment V 0.18-0.25 mm. Antennal segment VI processus terminalis 0.43-0.47 mm and 3.58-4.33 times segment VI base (0.10-0.13 mm). Ultimate rostral segment 0.11-0.12 mm, 0.92 -1.14 times base of antennal segment VI and 1.15-1.20 times second segment of hind tarsi. Inside setae on hind trochanter 37-40 µm and approximately 0.8 times trochantrofemoral suture. Dorsal setae on hind femora 17-23 µm and 0.6-1.0 times D. Marginal setae on intermediate abdominal segments 20-23 µm and 0.7-1.0 times D. Setae on abdominal segment 8, 27-30 µm and 1.0-1.3 times D. Siphunculus 0.26 -0.30 mm, 2.12-2.41 times cauda, and 4.83-6.78 times its diameter at mid length. Cauda 0.11-0.13 mm and 0.96-1.14 times its basal width, with 4-7 setae.

Sexuales.

(Oviparous females and males). Unknown.

Host plant.

All collected specimens of A. luzuriagae  sp. n. have been found on plants of several species of Luzuriaga  ( Alstroemeriaceae  ). Luzuriaga  species are distributed in the South of Argentina and in Central and Southern Chile.

Etymology.

The specific name " luzuriagae  " is the plant host genus name of the new aphid species, in genitive.

Taxonomic discussion.

Only two other genera of this plant family have been recorded hosting aphids: Alstroemeria  and Bomarea  , but only one species belonging to Aphis  has been recorded: A. alstroemeriae  Essig, 1954, on Alstroemeria  sp. in Chile ( Nieto Nafria et al. 2016). The differences between the apterae of this species and Aphis luzuriagae  sp. n. are very conspicuous and evident (Fig. 1). The new species can be distinguished from other South American Aphis  species by the combination of the following features: 1) in apterous viviparous females: the absence of dorsal abdominal pigmented sclerotization, even intersegmental, anteroventral cephalic protuberance, very short tarsi, small or absent marginal tubercles on abdominal segments 1 and 7, lack of marginal tubercles on intermediate abdominal segments, and relatively long processus terminalis of VI antennal segment; 2) in alate viviparous females: secondary sensoria extend over all of antennal segment III and present on antennal segment IV, and dorsal abdominal sclerotization (marginal sclerites 1-6 and transverse bands 7-8) absent, more or less insinuated or conspicuously present.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Aphididae

Genus

Aphis