Prasmodon paulgoldsteini Fernandez-Triana & Whitfield, 2014

Fernandez-Triana, Jose L., Whitfield, James B., Smith, M. Alex, Braet, Yves, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel H., 2014, Review of the Neotropical genus Prasmodon (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae), with emphasis on species from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, northwestern Costa Rica, Journal of Hymenoptera Research 37, pp. 1-52 : 26-29

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scientific name

Prasmodon paulgoldsteini Fernandez-Triana & Whitfield

sp. n.

Prasmodon paulgoldsteini Fernandez-Triana & Whitfield sp. n. Figs 59-63 View Figures 59–63

Type locality.

COSTA RICA, Guanacaste, ACG, Sector Santa Rosa, Bosque San Emilio, 300m, 10.84389, -85.61384.


♂ in CNC. Specimen labels: 1. DHJPAR0013126.


4 ♂ (CNC, NMNH). COSTA RICA, ACG database codes: DHJPAR0013131, DHJPAR0013124, DHJPAR0013125, DHJPAR0013132.


Male. Body length 4.1-4.2 mm. Fore wing length 4.3-4.4 mm. Body color: mesosoma entirely yellow-orange (with the exception of a very small black spot on axillar complex), metasoma with only small brown areas centrally on medioter gites 4-7 (usually only on mediotergires 5-6) ( Figs 62, 63 View Figures 59–63 ). Scape color: partially dark brown to black. Flagellomeres color: all flagellomeres brown to black ( Fig. 59 View Figures 59–63 ). Tegula and humeral complex color: tegula pale, humeral complex partially dark/partially pale. Mesotibia color: entirely yellow. Metatibia color: posterior 0.1-0.3 dark brown to black ( Fig. 59 View Figures 59–63 ). Metatibia spurs color: yellow-orange. Metatarsus color: dark brown to black (except for anterior 0.7 or less of first metatarsomere). Fore wing color pattern: uniformly and entirely infumate (except for small hyaline area near veins (RS+M)b and 2M). Fore wing veins color: all veins dark brown ( Fig. 60 View Figures 59–63 ). Pterostigma color: entirely dark brown. Hypostomal carina: highly raised. Scutoscutellar sulcus: with 5 impressions or with 6 impressions. Hind wing subbasal cell: mostly with setae. Hind tarsal claws: with pectination (teeth) very irregular in spacing and length. Shape of mediotergite 1: distinctly narrowing posteriorly, width at posterior margin clearly less than width at anterior margin and median width ( Fig. 63 View Figures 59–63 ).

Female. Unknown.

Molecular data.

Sequences in BOLD: 6, barcode compliant sequences: 6 ( Fig. 105 View Figure 105 ).

Biology and ecology.

Malaise trapped.


Costa Rica, ACG.


At present this species is only known from males, but it was described because of clear morphological and molecular differences with the other species within the genus.


This species is named in honour of Paul Goldstein working in the SEL/USDA laboratory in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C, and with the Department of Entomology of the University of Maryland, in recognition of his intense effort to solve the Desmia ( Crambidae , Spilomelinae ) many-species taxonomic puzzle for ACG.