Antrocephalus Kirby, 1883

Narendran, T. C. & van Achterberg, Cornelis, 2016, Revision of the family Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) from Vietnam, with the description of 13 new species, ZooKeys 576, pp. 1-202: 9

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.576.8177

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7A2FC762-F23A-4B13-8B0C-0F1F80F46DA8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DE3902AF-3272-E4EC-E979-2EB16AB0ADE9

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Antrocephalus Kirby, 1883
status

 

Taxon classification Animalia Hymenoptera Chalcididae

Antrocephalus Kirby, 1883   Figs 9, 10-11, 12-13, 14-15, 16-17, 18, 19-20, 21-22, 23-24

Antrocephalus   Kirby, 1883: 54, 63. Type species: Halticella fascicornis   Walker; designated by Kirby (1883).

Coelochalcis   Cameron, 1904: 110. Type species: Coelochalcis carinifrons   Cameron; by monotypy (synonymised with Antrocephalus   by Narendran (1986)).

Dilla   Strand, 1911: 210. Type species: Antrocephalus rufipes   Kieffer; by original designation (synonymised with Antrocephalus   by Steffan (1953)).

Stomatoceroides   Girault, 1913b: 140. Type species: Stomatoceroides bicolor   Girault; by original designation. (synonymised with Antrocephalus   by Bouček (1988b)).

Metarretocera   Girault, 1927: 325. Type species: Metarretocera bursi   Girault, by monotypy (synonymised with Antrocephalus   by Bouček (1988b)).

Tainania   Masi, 1929: 159. Type species Tainania acutiventris   Masi, by original designation (synonymised by Narendran, 1977 with Antrocephalus   ).

Sabatiella   Masi, 1929c: 167-168. Type species: Sabatiella nigra   Masi, by original designation (synonymised with Antrocephalus   by Habu (1960)).

Stomatocerella   Girault, 1930: [4]. Type species: Stomatocerella anna   Girault; by monotypy (synonymised with Antrocephalus   by Bouček (1988b)).

Uxa   Girault, 1930:4. Type species Stomatoceroides clariscapus   Dodd; by original designation [synonymized with Antrocephalus   by Bouček (1988b)].

Dillisca   Ghesquière, 1946: 367. Replacement name for Dilla   Strand considered to be preoccupied by Dila   Fisher de Waldheim (synonymized with Antrocephalus   by Steffan (1953)).

Diagnosis.

The genus Antrocephalus   is a difficult genus to define its limits. This is because the genus comes very close to Hockeria   and rarely also to Kriechbaumerella   . Only with extensive expertise in the taxonomy of these genera one can authoritatively identify this genus, which in future perhaps will be more reliably possible by using molecular markers.

Description.

Head with a horse shoe-shaped carina running behind anterior ocellus; scrobe fairly deep and reaching anterior ocellus; pronotum with anterior carinae and often with submedian tubercles in majority of species; apex of scutellum variable; geno-temporal margin with or without geno-temporal furrow; metasoma usually with two submedian short or long carinae in most species.

Hosts.

Pupae of Lepidoptera  .

Distribution.

Europe, Asia, Australia and New Guinea. Apparently introduced in South America ( Bouček 1988b).

Variation.

There is a wide variation of the general characters. In some species the pronotal carina and tubercles are weak or absent; in a few species the scrobe is shallow, not very deep as in typical species, in some others the metasoma without basal carinae on T1 indistinct.

Key to Vietnamese species of Antrocephalus   Kirby (based on females)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Chalcididae

Loc

Antrocephalus Kirby, 1883

Narendran, T. C. & van Achterberg, Cornelis 2016
2016
Loc

Dillisca

Ghesquière 1946
1946
Loc

Dilla

Strand 1911
1911
Loc

Dilla

Strand 1911
1911
Loc

Dila

Fischer de Waldheim 1844
1844