Scaphioides reducta Bryant, 1942

Platnick, Norman I., Berniker, Lily & Kranz-Baltensperger, Yvonne, 2012, The Caribbean Goblin Spider Genera Scaphioides and Hortoonops (Araneae, Oonopidae), American Museum Novitates 2012 (3751), pp. 1-64 : 38-48

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1206/3759.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:752AA48E-CA22-473C-B785-945E8BD97392

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5456880

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/DE4FC765-8A59-FF9A-FDDC-33A89BC4BE30

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Scaphioides reducta Bryant
status

 

Scaphioides reducta Bryant

Figures 220–229 View FIGS

Scaphioides reducta Bryant, 1942: 327 , figs. 6, 8 (female holotype from St. Croix , Virgin Islands, in MCZ; examined).– Platnick and Dupérré, 2010: 9.

Stenoonops reductus: Chickering, 1969a: 21 , figs. 53–58 (first description of male).– Burger, 2009: 346, figs. 17–21, 23H, I).

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. granpiedra in having relatively few, small sternal depressions that are “haloed” by distinct edges (figs. 221, 222), but have the proximal portion of the embolus longer than the distal portion (figs. 223, 224) and a larger base of the anterior genitalic process (figs. 228, 229).

MALE (PBI_ OON 26341 View Materials , figs. 220, 221, 223–226): Total length 1.47. Elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides granulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface finely punctuate, without pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove. Endites with rebordered, rounded tip. Proximal portion of embolus larger than distal portion.

FIGS. 300–312. Scaphioides nitens (Bryant) , male (300, 301, 303–309) and female (302, 310–312). 300, 305. Carapace, dorsal view. 301, 302. Sternum, ventral view. 303, 308. Left embolus, prolateral view. 304, 309. Same, retrolateral view. 306. Left palp, prolateral view. 307. Same, retrolateral view. 310. Epigastric region, ventral view. 311. Genitalia, ventral view. 312. Same, dorsal view.

FIGS. 313–323. Scaphioides halatus (Chickering) , male (313–315, 319, 320) and female (316–318, 321–323). 313, 314, 316, 317. Carapace, dorsal view. 315, 318. Sternum, dorsal view. 319. Left palp, prolateral view. 320. Same, retrolateral view. 321. Epigastric region, ventral view. 322. Genitalia, ventral view. 323. Same, dorsal view.

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 26342 View Materials , figs. 222, 227–229): Total length 1.67. Anterior genitalic process gradually expanded anteriorly, on wide base including internal structures.

MATERIAL EXAMINED: WEST INDIES: Virgin Islands: St. Croix : no specific locality, Sept. 1–5, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ PBI_ OON 26581 View Materials ), 3♂ , Sept. 8, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ PBI_OON 391), 5♂, 1♀ , Sept. 9–11, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ PBI_OON 390), 1♂, 1♀ ; Buck Island , June 12, 1972, Berlese, litter (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 26342 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Christiansted (Beatty, MCZ PBI_OON 389), 2♀ (holotype, paratype) ; Frederiksted , Sept. 11, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71642 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26585 View Materials ), 2♂, 8♀ ; 1 mi N Frederiksted , Mar. 16, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71641 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26583 View Materials ), 1♂ ; vicinity of King’s Hill , Mar. 20, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71644 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26578 View Materials ), 3♂, 2♀ ; Lavaetz Gardens , Frederiksted, Mar. 24, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71643 View Materials , 71646 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27516 View Materials ), 23♂, 13♀ ; Mahogany Road , Frederiksted, Mar. 21–23 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68340 View Materials , 71645 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26584 View Materials , 26586), 3♂, 6♀ ; West Indies Lab , June 7, 1972, ground litter under tree (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 26333 View Materials , 26341), 2♂, 2♀ .

DISTRIBUTION: Virgin Islands (St. Croix).

Scaphioides reductoides , new species

Figures 230–239 View FIGS

Stenoonops reductus (misidentification): Chickering, 1969b: 21 (specimens from St. John only).

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, plus two male and one female paratypes from Virgin Gorda, no specific locality, Virgin Islands (Aug. 1966; A. Chickering), deposited in MCZ (71676, PBI_ OON 26566 View Materials ) .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name refers to the previous confusion of this species with S. reducta .

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. miches in having the sternum covered with tiny, deep depressions (figs. 231, 232), but have a white abdomen that is not iridescent, a smaller proximal lobe on the embolus (figs. 233, 234), and a wider anterior genitalic process (figs. 238, 239).

MALE (PBI_ OON 21011 View Materials , figs. 230, 231, 233–236): Total length 1.47. Elevated portion of pars cephalica granulate anteriorly, reticulate posteriorly, sides granulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface finely punctuate, without pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove. Endite tip with thickened, rounded, posteriorly directed protuberance. Proximal portion of embolus straight, scarcely widened distally.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1771, figs. 232, 237–239): Total length 1.61. Anterior genitalic process long, wide, distally curved, situated on very short base.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: WEST INDIES: Virgin Islands: St. John : no specific locality, July 25, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71662 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26563 View Materials ), 1♂ ; Annaberg Ruins , June 14, 1980, along old walls (W. Muchmore, FSCA 21336 View Materials ), 1♂ ; Brown Bay , June 19, 1980, in agave (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 21332 View Materials ), 1♀ ; near Butler’s , June 6, 1974, base of turpentine trees (W. Muchmore, AMNH PBI_OON 1773), 1♂ ; hillside near Butler’s , June 15, 1974, Berlese, base of large turpentine tree (W. Muchmore, AMNH PBI_OON 1771), 1♂, 1♀ ; Catherineberg Estate , July 20, 1975, debris along wall of mill (W. Muchmore, AMNH PBI_OON 1770), 1♂ ; Centerline Road , 4 mi from Cruz Bay, Mar. 4, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71648 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26582 View Materials ), 1♂ ; Coral Bay , gut near Butler’s house, July 19, 1975, beneath overhang of large rocks (W. Muchmore, AMNH PBI_OON 1950), 1♂ ; Cruz Bay , Mar. 7, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71647 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26588 View Materials ), 1♂, 1♀ ; Denis Bay , June 16, 1980, base of old mill (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 21333 View Materials ), 1♂ ; Great Lameshur Bay , May 21, 1979, litter under cactus (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 21334 View Materials ), 1♀ , June 10, 1980, under mangrove bark ( FSCA PBI_ OON 21329 View Materials ), 1♂ ; Lameshur Bay , Gray Gut, June 12, 1980, among rocks and pieces of fallen termite nest (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 21335 View Materials ), 1♀ , same, crotches and treehole in large, old tamarind (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 21331 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Lameshur Bay , Viers, June 3, 1980, under large tamarind tree (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 21330 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Windberg Ruins , May 31, 1979, litter along wall (W. Muchmore, FSCA PBI_ OON 21337 View Materials ), 1♂ . Tortola : Greater Camanoe Island, July 1, 1965 (Island Project staff, AMNH PBI_ OON 21011 View Materials ), 1♂ .

DISTRIBUTION: Virgin Islands (St. John, Tortola, Virgin Gorda).

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oonopidae

Genus

Scaphioides

Loc

Scaphioides reducta Bryant

Platnick, Norman I., Berniker, Lily & Kranz-Baltensperger, Yvonne 2012
2012
Loc

Stenoonops reductus: Chickering, 1969a: 21

Burger, M. 2009: 346
Chickering, A. M. 1969: 21
1969
Loc

Stenoonops reductus

Chickering, A. M. 1969: 21
1969
Loc

Scaphioides reducta

Bryant, E. B. 1942: 327
1942