Diomini Gordon, 1999

Vandenberg, Natalia J. & Hanson, Paul E., 2019, Overview of the lady beetle tribe Diomini (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and description of a new phytophagous, silk-spinning genus from Costa Rica that induces food bodies on leaves of Piper (Pi, Zootaxa 4554 (1), pp. 255-285: 260-261

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Diomini Gordon, 1999


Tribe Diomini Gordon, 1999 

( Figs. 1View FIGURES 1–2 a–d)

Diomini Gordon 1999:3  . Type genus: Diomus Mulsant, 1850 Included taxa (new circumscription, excluding Magnodiomus  and Erratodiomus  which we transfer to Hyperaspidini  ; see “ Remarks,” below): Diomus, Decadiomus  , Heterodiomus  , Dichaina  , Andrzej  , and the new genus described herein

Diagnosis. Size minute to small (1.1–3.5 mm), pubescent; antenna ( Figs. 1a,bView FIGURES 1–2) composed of 10 or 11 antennomeres; pedicel bead like, articulated with and slightly narrower than scape, antennomere 3 elongate, 1.5–3× as long as antennomere 4; distal 3, 4, or 5 antennomeres forming slightly flattened asymmetrical compact club with oblique to truncate apex bearing concentration of short sensory setae (=sensilla). Mentum ( Fig. 1aView FIGURES 1–2) subtrapezoidal, tapered posteriorly, typically with anterior margin concave or bicuspidate. Terminal maxillary palpomere in repose free, not partially inserted beneath mentum, more or less expanded distally with sensory surface directed anteriorly or anteromedially. Tarsi trimerous ( Fig. 1cView FIGURES 1–2). Tibial spurs lacking. Abdomen with 6 visible ventrites; ventrite 1 and 2 partially fused medially. Abdominal postcoxal line ( Fig. 1dView FIGURES 1–2) curving posterolaterally, merging with posterior margin of ventrite. Male genitalia with basal lobe (=penis guide sens. Ślipiński) distinctly asymmetrical to roughly symmetrical at least in outline; penis capsule with outer arm distinct to obsolete ( Figs. 9–12View FIGURES 3–12). Female genitalia with spermathecal capsule well developed, except vestigial or absent in some Australian species; capsule with simple angular or C-shaped form, vermiform throughout or with swollen basal chamber; cornu of moderate length, not convoluted; ramus and nodulus sessile to weakly projecting; ramus with or without short beak-like projection (apodeme) overhanging attachment of accessory gland. Coxites teardrop or rhombus-shaped, with widely arcuate posterior margin.

Members of Diomini  are most easily confused with other small pubescent lady beetles. The shape of the abdominal postcoxal line and wide posterior margin of the coxites will distinguish diomines from both Scymnus  and Nephus  (including its subgenera sens. Gordon 1985 which are now often accorded full generic status). In Scymnus  and Nephus  the postcoxal line does not reach the hind margin of the ventrite and the outer end is often recurved toward the base of the ventrite; the coxites are narrow and distally tapered rather than broad. Among New World species, the basal lobe of Diomini  is distinctly asymmetrical, while that of Scymnus  is bilaterally symmetrical. Furthermore, Scymnus  can be distinguished from Diomini  by the possession of cryptotetramerous tarsi, and Nephus  is distinct in having the basal two antennomeres fused or tightly joined (non-articulated).

Pubescent members of the newly recircumscribed tribe Hyperaspidini  (see “Remarks,” below) differ from Diomini  in possessing an antenna with a fusiform club ( Figs. 2a,bView FIGURES 1–2) bearing a proliferation of setae in a membranous area on the inner (medially facing) surface of the terminal antennomere and smaller membranous area on the inner distal margin of the penultimate antennomere (antennae directed anteriorly); terminal maxillary palpomere in repose ( Fig. 2aView FIGURES 1–2, left side of image) with inner edge contiguous with or partially inserted beneath anterolateral lobe of large cordate mentum, with oblique sensory surface facing dorsally and pressed against ventral surface of head, and tarsi cryptotetramerous ( Fig. 2cView FIGURES 1–2). Also in Hyperaspidini  the abdominal postcoxal line ( Fig. 2dView FIGURES 1–2) does not reach the posterior margin of the ventrite and/or the outer end is recurved and directed toward or attains the anterior margin of the ventrite (see corresponding character states for Diomini  ( Fig. 1View FIGURES 1–2) listed in the paragraph above this one). Members of the subtribe Selvadiina ( Hyperaspidini  ) can further be distinguished from Diomini  based on the extremely elongate and convoluted cornu of the female spermathecal capsule ( Figs. 3–4View FIGURES 3–12).

Remarks. Ślipiński (2007) diagnoses the Diomini  as lacking interfacetal setae, an ocular canthus, and stylus of the coxites (=female genital plates or hemisternites) ( Table 2). Our own random sampling of Diomini  exemplars in the USNM suggests that these structures are normally present, but at times difficult to see or lost through abrasion. Published digital images of Australian species also document the presence of these structures, at least in some species (e.g. Ślipiński 2007:figs. 298 & 309; Pang & Ślipiński 2010:25d, showing coxites bearing styli; Pang & Ślipiński 2009:fig. 17b, showing frontal view of specimen with eyes bearing canthi and interfacetal setae). Other character states involving the number of antennomeres in the club and the presence or absence of an infundibulum in the female genitalia are difficult to assess because no consistent method for delineating the club has been presented, and the term “infundibulum” has not been well defined nor treated consistently by various authors. When Ślipiński (2007) indicated that certain genera “probably do not belong in Diomini  ” we assume from his later remarks that he intended to name the two taxa related to Selvadius  Erratodiomus  and Magnodiomus  —but instead mentioned Erratodiomus  and Heterodiomus  .

Gordon (1985) originally misinterpreted the unusual convoluted cornu of the spermathecal capsule in Selvadius  ( Fig. 3View FIGURES 3–12) as a continuation of the spermduct, and assumed that the spermatheca was lacking. He correctly interpreted the homologous structures in Magnodiomus  and Erratodiomus  ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 3–12) ( Gordon 1999) but failed to consider their placement in Selvadiini  , possibly due to his original misinterpretation. Gordon placed his new tribe Selvadiini  in the subfamily Scymninae  , but discussed similarities between Selvadius  and certain hyperaspidines, even referring to them as Hyperaspidinae  in his tribal diagnosis. Vandenberg (2002) indicated that Selvadiini  would be better placed in the Hyperaspidinae  along with Hyperaspidini  and Brachiacanthini  . These similarities had been previously noted by Whitehead (1967) who suggested that Selvadius  may bear a closer affiliation to Hyperaspidius  than to Scymnus  .

In addition, Vandenberg and Perez-Gelabert (2007) noted that two South American genera, Mimoscymnus  and Planorbata  , originally placed in Coccidulini  ( Coccidulinae  ) ( Gordon 1994), also belong in Hyperaspidinae  . Ślipiński (2007) concurred about the improper placement of Planorbata  but referred to it as “a ‘Scymninae’ genus,” possibly using the latter subfamily in the broad sense of Sasaji, which would have included Hyperaspis  and allied genera. Seago et al. (2011) reduced Hyperaspidinae  to tribal level and placed Brachiacanthini  as a synonym of Hyperaspidini  . This action was followed by Gordon et al. (2014), although inconsistently within that paper, and mentioned but not employed in a subsequent work in that series ( Canepari et al. 2016). We follow Seago et al. (2011) and various other modern authors in treating the Hyperaspidini  at tribal level, but recognize four distinct subtribes: Hyperaspidina, Brachiacanthina, Selvadiina stat. nov. (for Selvadius, Magnodiomu  s and Erratodiomus  ) and Mimoscymnina subtribe nov. (for Mimoscymnus  and Planorbata  ; type genus= Mimoscymnus  ), as distinct lineages each defined by one or more autapomorphies of the male and female genitalia. The placement of the Selvadiina in Hyperaspidini  is supported by the molecular phylogenies of Seago et al. (2011) and Robertson et al. (2015) who show Selvadius  as clustering more closely with Brachiacantha  and Hyperaspis  than with Diomus. The placement of Mimoscymnina in Hyperaspidini  is provisional, and based only on external morphological characters ( Fig. 2View FIGURES 1–2) as there has not yet been a molecular study involving either Mimoscymnus  or Planorbata  . Members of Mimoscymnina can be readily distinguished from other members of Hyperaspidini  by the elongate triangulate coxites of the female genitalia, and the male genitalia with the trabes much longer than the basal lobe and basal piece combined.












Diomini Gordon, 1999

Vandenberg, Natalia J. & Hanson, Paul E. 2019



Gordon, R. D. 1999: 3