Brachymyrmex pilipes Mayr,

Ortiz, Claudia M. & Fernandez, Fernando, 2014, Brachymyrmex species with tumuliform metathoracic spiracles: description of three new species and discussion of dimorphism in the genus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), ZooKeys 371, pp. 13-33: 18-21

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.371.6568

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B12EC093-2918-498A-A41E-6C71738692FB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DFE18752-5E7A-D12C-95E1-1F11C7370165

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Brachymyrmex pilipes Mayr
status

 

Brachymyrmex pilipes Mayr  Figs 7-16,28

Brachymyrmex pilipes  Mayr, 1887: 524 (q.m.) BRAZIL (NHMV) [examined]. Santschi 1929: 310 (w.). BRAZIL (NHMB) [examined]. Combination in Brachymyrmex (Bryscha)  : Santschi 1923: 674.

Lectotype

(here designated). 1 queen, Paralectotypes 1 queen, 1 male, Brazil, Santa Catharina (NHMV).

Additional material examined.

6 minor workers, Brazil, Paraná, Rio Azul, 1000 m, Oct. 1959, col. F. Plaumann (MZSP) [USNM ENT 00757822, USNM ENT 00757823]; 2 major workers, 2 minor workers, 1 queen, Brazil, Paraná, Río Negro (NHMB); 3 minor workers, Brazil, Santa Catharina, Chapecó, Dic. 1957, col. F. Plaumann leg. (MZSP) [USNM ENT 00757821]; 6 minor workers, Brazil, Santa Catharina, Nova Teutonia, 27°11'S, 52°23'W, 300-500 m, Jul.1958, col. F. Plaumann (MZSP) [USNM ENT 00757829, USNM ENT 00757831, USNM ENT 00757832]; 1 minor worker, Brazil, Río de Janeiro, Nova Friburgo, Fazenda Barreto, 22°9'40.4712"S, 42°31'27.4866"W, 1068 m, 11-12 Jun 2011, col. T.M.S. Mesquita (UFUC) [USNM ENT 00757824]; 1 minor worker, Brazil, São Paulo, Ubatuba, Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, Núcleo Santa Virgínia, 23°19'S, 45°06'W, 870-1000 m, 22 Apr 2005, col. M. Uehara (MZSP) [USNM ENT 00757823].

Diagnosis.

This species can be differentiated from most of the Brachymyrmex  by the following: presence of tumuliform metathoracic spiracles; worker caste dimorphic; toruli touching the posterior clypeal margin, but never surpassing it (best observed in anterodorsal oblique view); and long thick hairs in a row near anterior clypeal margin (Fig. 15). These traits are shared with Brachymyrmex micromegas  , but Brachymyrmex pilipes  differs by the fine, longitudinal striations on most of the mesosoma (Fig. 16), and the gaster color often is darker than the body color.

Description

Minor worker.Measurements (mm) (n=8) HL1 0.62 - 1.21; HL2 0.50 - 0.74; HL3 0.33 - 0.39; HW 0.60 - 1.07; SL 0.57 - 1.17; EL 0.12 - 0.22; WL 0.97 - 1.42; PnL 0.40 - 0.55; PnW 0.64 - 0.76; ML 0.20 - 0.33; MW 0.33 - 0.37; Indices CI 88 - 97; SI195 - 109; SI2114 - 158; OI 18 - 20.

Description. Head slightly longer than wide, almost squared, slightly narrowing anteriorly. Posterior cephalic border slightly concave. Clypeus large, with rounded anterior margin. Toruli touching the posterior clypeal margin, but never surpassing it (best observed in anterodorsal oblique view) (Fig. 15). Scapes long, surpassing the posterior margin of the head. Ocelli present. Eyes well developed, located at the midline of the head, with 10-11 ommatidia at their maximum diameter. Mesonotum conspicuously convex. Metanotal groove deep and wide. Metathoracic spiracles fully dorsal, tumuliform, bulging out of the metanotal groove in lateral view (Fig. 8). Propodeum strongly convex, unarmed. Propodeal spiracle near to posteriopropodeal margin. Petiole scale rounded and not inclined forward.

Head and gaster smooth and shiny. Mesosoma with very fine, dense longitudinal and oblique striations. Most of mandibular surface with longitudinal rugulae (best observed in anterodorsal oblique view). Entire body, including antennae, legs, and palps with conspicuous erect and suberect pilosity that are larger on dorsum. Long thick hairs in a row near to the anterior clypeal margin. Most of clypeal surface with many erect hairs, which are shorter than the thick hairs. Body light brown, gaster dark brown, hairs lighter.

Major worker.Measurements (mm) (n=2) HL1 1.44 - 1.46; HL2 0.92 - 0.94; HL3 0.37 - 0.39; HW 1.35; SL 1.17; EL 0.20 - 0.21; WL 1.60 - 1.83; PnL 0.59; PnW 0.88; ML 0.39; MW 0.49. Indices CI 92; SI1 104.34; SI2 58 - 68; OI 17.39.

Description. Head bigger than that of the minor worker, squared with posterior corners angulate and posterior cephalic border slightly concave. Clypeus large, with rounded anterior margin. Toruli touching the posterior clypeal margin, never surpassing it. Scapes long, surpassing the posterior margin of the head. Ocelli present. Eyes well developed, located at mid line of head, with 11 ommatidia at their maximum diameter.

Mesonotum conspicuously convex. Metanotal groove present. Metathoracic spiracles fully dorsal, tumuliform, bulging out of the metanotal groove in lateral view (Fig. 11). Propodeum strongly convex, unarmed. Propodeal spiracle near posteriopropodeal margin. Petiolar scale rounded and inclined forward.

Head and gaster smooth and shiny. Mesosoma with very fine, dense longitudinal and oblique striations. Entire body, including antennae, legs, and palps with conspicuous erect and suberect pilosity that is longer on the dorsum. Long hairs in a row near anterior clypeal margin. Most of clypeal surface with abundant erect hairs, which are shorter than the thick hairs. Body light brown, gaster dark brown, hairs lighter colored.

Queen.Lectotype measurement (mm) (n=1) HL1 1.61; HL2 0.42; HW 1.88; SL 1.54; EL 0.47; WL 4.04; PnL 2.21; PnW 2.19; ML 0.97; MW 1.59. Indices CI 116.17; SI1 82.27; OI 25.31.

Description. Same as worker except for standard queen modifications and the following: abundant erect hairs and dense pubescence on entire body. There is a row of thick hairs near the anterior margin of clypeus, similar to the workers and abundant pubescence on the body (Fig. 13). Body dark brown.

Male.Paralectotype measurements (mm) (n=1) HL 0.31; EL 0.16; WL 0.88.

Description. Scapes surpassing the posterior margin of the head, few erect hairs, and sparse pubescence on the body; some sparse long hairs on the tibiae. Head brown, mesosoma and gaster yellow. Penis valves longer than parameres in situ.

Distribution.

Brazil: states of Paraná, Santa Catharina, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

Remarks.

The specimen from São Paulo at Ubatuba, Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, Núcleo Santa Virgínia [USNM ENT 00757823] was collected in an area of relatively well-preserved mature forest with some remnants of primary forest where selective logging took place until 1970 ( Magrini et al. 2011). Habitat information is lacking for the other specimens.