Drawida modesta Rao, 1921

Narayanan, S. Prasanth, Sathrumithra, S., Christopher, G. & Julka, J. M., 2017, New species and new records of earthworms of the genus Drawida from Kerala part of the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot, India (Oligochaeta, Moniligastridae), ZooKeys 691, pp. 1-18: 5-6

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.691.13174

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3F1D9389-849D-4DBA-BAF6-C262BE3DBA22

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E035F966-F7AE-EF5F-25CE-49D0F7E027A7

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Drawida modesta Rao, 1921
status

 

Drawida modesta Rao, 1921 

Drawida modesta  Rao, 1921. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (ser. 9), 8: 525.

Drawida modesta  , Stephenson 1923. Fauna Br. India, Oligochaeta  : 145.

Material examined.

14 clitellate, 4 aclitellate (ACESSD/EW/160), Chandanathodu - Kannavam range (11°51'3.2"N; 75°48'12"E), Kannur district, Kerala, India, 784 m a.s.l., evergreen forest, 01 December 2012, S.P. Narayanan, T. Augustine and S. Sathrumithra coll.; 3 clitellate (ACESSD/EW/166), Chandanathodu - Periya Range (11°50'44.6"N; 75°48'27.4"E), Wayanad district, Kerala, India, 778 m a.s.l., evergreen forest, 01 December 2012, T. Augustine, S. Sathrumithra and S.P. Narayanan coll.; 1 clitellate, 6 aclitellate (ACESSD/EW/399), Perumalkunnu (11°53'50.1"N; 75°54'16.3"E), Kannur district, Kerala, India, 1076 m a.s.l., grassland and evergreen forest, 02 December 2012, S.P. Narayanan, T. Augustine and S. Sathrumithra coll.; 14 clitellate (ACESSD/EW/401), Kunnathoorpadi (12°4'55"N; 75°37'39.1"E), Kannur district, Kerala, India, 579 m a.s.l., evergreen forest with reed breaks, 30 November 2012, S.P. Narayanan, T. Augustine and S. Sathrumithra coll.; 1 clitellate (ACESSD/EW/402), Chandanathodu - Kottiyoor range (11°51'4.2"N; 75°47'12"E), Kannur district, Kerala, India, 714 m a.s.l., evergreen forest, 1 December 2012, S.P. Narayanan and T. Augustine coll.; 4 clitellate (ACESSD/EW/403), Nedumpoil (11°50'30.5"N; 75°46'39.1"E), Kannur district, Kerala, India, 365 m a.s.l., semi-evergreen forest, 1 December 2012, S.P. Narayanan, S. Sathrumithra and T. Augustine coll.; 7 clitel late, 2 aclitellate (ACESSD/EW/406), Koovattumoola - Thirunelli (11°54'3.8"N; 76°0'48.4"E), Wayanad district, Kerala, India, 782 m a.s.l., abandoned paddy field, 21 December 2012, A. Sasi, S.P. Narayanan and S. Sathrumithra coll.; 1 clitellate (ACESSD/EW/407), Paithalmala (12°10'1.7"N; 75°33'31.1"E), Kannur district, Kerala, India, 1076 m a.s.l., higher altitude evergreen forest, 30 November 2012, S.P. Narayanan, T. Augustine and S. Sathrumithra coll.; 5 clitellate (ACESSD/EW/409), Ambayithodu (11°51'50.8"N; 75°53'37.2"E), Kannur district, Kerala, India, 216 m a.s.l., disturbed mixed forest area, 02 December 2012, S.P. Narayanan, T. Augustine and S. Sathrumithra coll.; 14 clitellate, 8 aclitellate (ACESSD/EW/472), below Kakkadampoyil (11°19'41.9"N; 76°9'54.8"E), Malappuram district, Kerala, India, 98 m a.s.l., semi-evergreen forest near to a stream, 29 October 2014, S.P. Narayanan and S. Sathrumithra coll.; 1 clitellate (ACESSD/EW/473), Naadukaani (11°25'58"N; 76°23' 18.7"E), Malappuram district, Kerala, India, 530 m a.s.l., evergreen forest, 28 October 2014, S.P. Narayanan and S. Sathrumithra coll.

Diagnosis.

Length 75 mm, diameter 4 mm, 207 segments. Intersegmental furrow 1/2 very faint. Setae aa = 13.3 ab = 0.7 bc = 13.3 cd on segment 7, aa = 15.3 ab = 0.7 bc = 15.3 cd on segment 35. Male pores paired, transverse slits with prominent lips, at 10/11, slightly lateral to setae b lines. Spermathecal pores paired, at 7/8, at or slightly lateral to setae b lines. Genital markings paired, oval shaped on segment 7, just anterior to spermathecal pores. Gizzards 2, in segments 13-14. Prostates paired, glandular, sessile, circular to oval in shape; vas deferens short, discharging at dorsal surface and centre of prostates. Spermathecae paired in segment 8; atrium absent.

Distribution.

India: Kerala: District Kannur: Ambayithodu, Chandanathodu - Kannavam range, Chandanathodu - Kottiyoor range, Kunnathoorpadi, Nedumpoil, Paithalmala, Perumalkunnu; District Wayanad: Chandanathodu - Kannavam range, Koovattumoola - Thirunelli; District Malappuram: Kakkadampoyil, Naadukaani (all new records) (Fig. 2); Karnataka: District Kodagu (Coorg): Moornad, Coorg Hills ( Rao 1921).

Remarks.

Range of the length, diameter, and number of segments of the Kerala specimens are 60-72 mm, 3-4 mm, and 151-197 respectively. Genital markings are absent in some specimens from Kerala (Table 3).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Oligochaeta

Order

Oligochaeta

Family

Moniligastridae

Genus

Drawida

Loc

Drawida modesta Rao, 1921

Narayanan, S. Prasanth, Sathrumithra, S., Christopher, G. & Julka, J. M. 2017

2017
Loc

Drawida modesta

Michaelsen 1900

1900
Loc

Drawida modesta

Michaelsen 1900

1900