Panjange kubah Huber

Bernhard A. Huber & Charles Leh Moi Ung, 2016, The Panjange nigrifrons group in Borneo (Araneae: Pholcidae): high diversity in Sarawak, apparent absence in Sabah, European Journal of Taxonomy 184, pp. 1-32: 22-25

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2016.184

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AC6509DC-B848-4645-BCD9-35BF0BE263F1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/CF978A33-4706-4705-8245-86776DB7E34C

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:CF978A33-4706-4705-8245-86776DB7E34C

treatment provided by

Jeremy

scientific name

Panjange kubah Huber
status

sp. nov.

Panjange kubah Huber  , sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:CF978A33-4706-4705-8245-86776DB7E34C

Figs 6View Figs 2 – 7, 63–64View Figs 61 – 68, 69–81View Figs 69 – 73View Figs 74 – 81, 89–91View Figs 86 – 94

Panjange Bor 109: Huber & Nuñeza 2015: 5, 43–44.

Diagnosis

Easily distinguished from most congeners by distinctive transversal sclerite on procursus ( Fig. 70View Figs 69 – 73); from very similar Pa. seowi  sp. nov. by other details of procursus (unique prolateral process, Figs 69View Figs 69 – 73, 77–78View Figs 74 – 81; distal element longer, Fig. 70View Figs 69 – 73; absence of prolateral ridges on procursus, Fig. 69View Figs 69 – 73). Females are easily distinguished from Pa. nigrifrons  by short scape but difFcult to distinguish externally from other congeners in Sarawak (distinctive shape of pore plates and pair of median sclerites; similar only in Pa. seowi  sp. nov.).

Etymology

Named for the type locality; noun in apposition.

Type material

MALAYSIA-BORNEO: holotype, Ƌ, Sarawak, National Park, along Waterfall Trail (1.596– 1.606° N, 110.180–110.187° E), 200–300 m a.s.l., 12 Jul. 2014 (B.A. Huber, S.B. Huber), ZFMK ( Ar 14586)GoogleMaps  .

Other material examined

MALAYSIA-BORNEO, Sarawak: 2 ƋƋ, 7 ♀♀, same data as holotype, ZFMK ( Ar 14587-88)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, 2 juvs, same data, in absolute ethanol, ZFMK ( Bor 189)GoogleMaps  .

Description

Male (holotype)

MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 4.5, carapace width 1.2. Leg 1: 42.0 (9.3 + 0.5 + 9.6 + 20.1 + 2.5), tibia 2: 6.1, tibia 3: 3.6, tibia 4: 5.6; tibia 1 L/d: 99. Distance PME-PME 445 µm, diameter PME 105 µm, distance PME–ALE ~45 µm; AME absent.

COLOR. Carapace pale ochre yellow to whitish, posterior mark ( Fig. 63View Figs 61 – 68) lost in ethanol, ocular area and clypeus dark brown (black in life), without black marks in AME area; sternum whitish; legs ochreorange with dark brown patellae and tibia-metatarsus joints; abdomen ochre-gray, with black marks dorsally, monochromous ventrally.

BODY. Habitus as in Figs 63–64View Figs 61 – 68; ocular area raised, each triad on medium long stalk, without pointed process (cf. Fig. 6View Figs 2 – 7); carapace without median furrow; clypeus unmodiFed; sternum wider than long (0.75/0.60), unmodiFed.

CHELICERAE. Similar to close relatives, with proximal pair of processes and distinctively bipartite distal apophyses ( Fig. 71View Figs 69 – 73); without modiFed hairs; without stridulatory ridges.

PALPS. As in Figs 69–70View Figs 69 – 73; coxa unmodiFed; trochanter with slightly curved pointed retrolatero-ventral apophysis; femur with curved Fnger-shaped ventral apophysis; procursus with row of about 17 ventral ridges, with distinctive transversal sclerite and long prolateral process close to large Fat distal element ( Figs 77–78View Figs 74 – 81), with two distinct spiny processes in distal pit ( Fig. 80View Figs 74 – 81); bulb with strong proximal sclerite, slightly curved appendix, and long partly sclerotized embolus with distinct distal fringes ( Figs 74–75View Figs 74 – 81).

LEGS. Without spines and curved hairs; few vertical hairs; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2%; prolateral trichobothrium absent on tibia 1, present on other tibiae; tarsus 1 with many pseudosegments but only ~10 distally visible in dissecting microscope.

Variation

Tibia 1 in 2 other males: 9.1, 9.3. One male with irregular black marks in AME area ( Fig. 6View Figs 2 – 7).

Female

In general similar to male but eye triads on low humps, much closer together (distance PME – PME 230 µm). Tibia 1 in 6 females: 6.9–7.9 (mean 7.4). Epigynum weakly sclerotized plate with variably large and variably sclerotized posterior ‘knob’ ( Figs 72View Figs 69 – 73, 76View Figs 74 – 81, 89View Figs 86 – 94), internal arch and complex transversal folds visible through cuticle; internal genitalia as in Figs 73View Figs 69 – 73, 90–91View Figs 86 – 94.

Natural history

Most specimens were found in a very limited area close to a waterfall. The domed webs had a diameter of about 15–20 cm and in each case the apex of the dome was attached to the underside of a leaf where the spider rested.

Distribution

Known from type locality in Sarawak only ( Fig. 1View Fig. 1).

ZFMK

Germany, Bonn, Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koenig"

AME

USA, Florida, Gainesville, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History, Allyn Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Panjange