Naticarius hebraeus (Martyn, 1786)

Huelsken, Thomas, Marek, Carina, Schreiber, Stefan, Schmidt, Iris & Mann, Michael Holl-, 2008, The Naticidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Giglio Island (Tuscany, Italy): Shell characters, live animals, and a molecular analysis of egg masses, Zootaxa 1770, pp. 1-40: 18-19

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.182119

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E227B42A-1B39-6439-FF3A-3CEE32E9B3FC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Naticarius hebraeus (Martyn, 1786)
status

 

Naticarius hebraeus (Martyn, 1786)  — Fig. 6 AView FIGURE 6 [egg mass: Figs. 3View FIGURE 3, 11View FIGURE 11 G, g]

Nerita hebraea Martyn, 1786  . The universal conchologist, exhibiting the figure of every known shell, accurately drawn, and painted afternature with a new systematic arrangement by the author Thomas Martyn. London, T. Martyn. 4, Vol. 3, pl. 109

+ Nerita stercusmuscarum sensu  auct. [non Gmelin 1791]. Sabelli et al. (1990), p. 170

+ Natica maculatus  von Salis, 1793, p. 379. Sabelli et al. (1990), p. 170

+ Natica millepunctata sensu  auct. [non Lamarck, 1822]. Sabelli et al. (1990), p. 170

+ Nacca maxima Risso, 1826  . Sabelli et al. (1990), p. 170

+ Natica adspersa Menke, 1830  . Sabelli et al. (1990), p. 170

Naticarius hebraeus (Martyn, 1786)  . Kobelt (1901), pp. 76–78, pl. 52, figs. 1–8; Sabelli & Spada (1977), p. 9, fig. 2; Schiró (1978 b), p. 5, fig. 2 (second row); Nordsieck (1982), p. 186, pl. 57, fig. 63.11; Riedel (1983), pp. 287–288, pl. 98 figured; Barash & Danin (1992), pp. 107–108, fig. 115, Terreni (1981), p. 31

Natica hebraea (Martyn, 1786)  . Hidalgo (1917), p. 486; Villa (1985), pp. 106–107

Natica (Naticarius) hebraea (Martyn, 1786)  . Settepassi (1972), vol. III, p. 26, pl. 3; Demir, (2002), p. 110

+ Naticarius cruentatus  (Gmelin, 1791). Poppe & Goto (1991), p. 119, pl. 16, figs. 18–20

+ Natica cruentata  (Gmelin, 1791). Alf et al. (1993), p. 190, fig. 4

Description

Size: Up to 59.2 mm maximal obtainable diameter (m.o.d.) ( Italy; Hutsell et al. 2001). Specimens (n = 58) from Giglio Island: 8.1–47.5 mm (mean: 29.6 ± 0.8 mm) height; 7.8–47.1 mm (mean: 29.4 ± 0.7 mm) width. Ratio [h/w] = 1.01 ± 0.005. Aperture approximately 79 % of shell height.

General shape: Globose, large bodywhorl, relatively thin-shelled for its size, with 4.5 convex, slightly tabulated whorls and adpressed sutures [teleoconch: 3.5].

Sculpture: Minute barely visible axial growth striae, stronger and easy visible below suture. Shell color: White, cream or yellowish background with dense irregularly arrranged, blurred, brownish dots that have a tendency to coalesce into larger blotches and bands.

Protoconch: Uncolored, one embryonal whorl.

Aperture & outer lip: Aperture half moon-shaped, oblique, angled anteriorly, rounded at the bottom, fairly thick basal callus; external lip simple, sharp. Fairly thick parietal callus, covering 1 / 4 to 1 / 3 of inner lip.

Umbilical area: Wide open, brownish, with well-defined strong, U-shaped, funicle with growth marks, positioned slightly below middle of the umbilical area; funicular callus not enlarged, inner lip without callus. Operculum: Calcareous with numerous narrow, sharply-raised ribs; ribs sometimes mushroom-shaped, with base more narrow than top. Number of ribs varies considerably, independently of body size, from below 10 to> 25, innermost ribs sometimes fused to form flat areas.

Animal: Mesopodium and propodium surround shell to same width during crawling; irregularly arrranged, blurred, brownish dots and bands distributed over the entire foot; tentacles colored dark; animal unable to cover entire shell with mesopodium; only lower fringe of shell covered.

Egg mass: Flexible, inwardly cambered, paucispiral coiled band of mucus-cemented sand grains ( Figs. 3View FIGURE 3, 11View FIGURE 11 G/g), 1.25 circles; outer diameter 7.5 mm (n = 1).

Differential diagnosis: Irregular brownish dots, strong funicle, operculum with numerous sharp ribs, and large size easily distinguish the species from all other Mediterranean naticids except for N. stercusmuscarum  . For differences to N. stercusmuscarum  , see under that species.

Geographical distribution

Giglio Island: Campese Bay (1), ´ Swiss House ´ (9), Pt. del Faraglione (2), Pt. delle Secche (3) Alf et al. (1993): ´Found singularly at the beach after storm at Bay of Campese, Giglio Island.´ General distribution: Contrary to several publications ( Hidalgo 1917, Schirò 1977), this species is probably strictly Mediterranean, ubiquitous and common from the Strait of Gibraltar to the Aegean Sea (Demir 2002).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Order

Littorinimorpha

Family

Naticidae

Genus

Naticarius

Loc

Naticarius hebraeus (Martyn, 1786)

Huelsken, Thomas, Marek, Carina, Schreiber, Stefan, Schmidt, Iris & Mann, Michael Holl- 2008
2008
Loc

Natica adspersa

Menke 1830
1830
Loc

Nacca maxima

Risso 1826
1826
Loc

Naticarius hebraeus

Martyn 1786
1786
Loc

Natica hebraea

Martyn 1786
1786
Loc

Natica (Naticarius) hebraea

Martyn 1786
1786