Unduloribates Balogh, 1943,

Behan-Pelletier, Valerie M. & Walter, David E., 2009, Unduloribates from North America (Acari, Oribatida, Unduloribatidae), Zootaxa 2294, pp. 47-61: 48-50

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.191495

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E24E87E3-8E41-C831-65DB-5037FCF98A57

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Unduloribates Balogh, 1943
status

 

Unduloribates Balogh, 1943 

Type-species: Sphaerozetes (Tectoribates) undulatus Berlese, 1914: 129  Tectoribates undulatus Willmann 1951: 153 

Unduloribates undulatus Balogh 1943: 39 

Other included species:

Unduloribates hebes Aoki 1965: 298 

Unduloribates medusa Piffl 1972: 270 

Unduloribates brevisetosus Nübel-Reidelbach and Woas 1992: 99  Diagnosis

Species in this genus have the following unique combination of character states: adult with irregularly tuberculate, thick, blocky, birefringent cerotegument; prodorsum with pair of deep vertical incisions in rostral tectum, ending near seta ro; with large, broad lamellae, almost touching medially, extending anterior of rostrum; bothridium with internal ring-like thickenings; notogaster without octotaxic system; with lenticulus; with 10 pairs of notogastral setae; pteromorph without hinge; posterior notogastral tectum absent; palpal eupathidium acm attached to solenidion at least along distal third of length; axillary saccule of subcapitulum present; coxisternal setal formula 3 - 1-2 - 3, 3 - 1-3 - 3 or 3 - 2-7 - 7; 1 pair aggenital, 3 pairs of adanal and 2 pairs of anal setae; genital setae neotrichous or not, with 6 to 10 pairs; postanal porose area absent; immatures apheredermous, plicate; larva with 11, nymphs with 15 pairs of gastronotal setae; seta d absent from genua and tibiae in immatures and adults. Paraproctal atrichosy from larva to deutonymph.

Description

Adult. Color of mature adults dark brown. Notogaster and ventral plate with thick, blocky, birefringent cerotegument ( Figs. 5View FIGURES 4 – 6, 8View FIGURES 7 – 12). Lenticulus present. Legs with weakly developed, tuberculate, non-birefringent cerotegument. All sclerotized integument microtuberculate, with convex polygonal pattern on notogaster ( Fig. 6View FIGURES 4 – 6). Dorsophragmata and pleurophragmata present. Prodorsum with large, broad lamellae, almost touching medially, extending anterior of rostrum ( Figs. 1View FIGURES 1 – 3, 9View FIGURES 7 – 12). Rostrum broadly rounded ( Figs. 2View FIGURES 1 – 3, 4View FIGURES 4 – 6, 13View FIGURES 13 – 15). Deep vertical incisions present laterally on rostral tectum, ending near seta ro; oblique genal notch absent ( Figs. 3View FIGURES 1 – 3, 14View FIGURES 13 – 15). Bothridium with internal ring-like thickenings. Porose areas Am and Ah present, Ad and Al not evident. Tutorium present with tutorial cusp ( Figs. 3View FIGURES 1 – 3, 10View FIGURES 7 – 12). Pedotectum II covering part of acetabulum II. Discidium present between acetabula II and III, merging with circumpedal carina posteriorly and with short, tapered, tuberculate custodium anteriorly ( Figs. 2View FIGURES 1 – 3, 4View FIGURES 4 – 6). Notogaster longer than wide; anterior margin undulating, concave posterior to bothridia, and strongly convex lateral to bothridia ( Figs. 1View FIGURES 1 – 3, 6View FIGURES 4 – 6). Pteromorphs without hinge, tapered to point anteroventrally ( Fig. 4View FIGURES 4 – 6). Notogastral setation 10 pairs; octotaxic system absent. Five pairs of lyrifissures present. Epimeral setation 3 - 1-2 - 3, 3 - 1-3 - 3 or 3 - 2-7 - 7; 6 to 10 pairs genital setae, 1 pair aggenital, 3 pairs of adanal and 2 pairs of anal setae. Postanal porose area absent. Trägårdh’s organ present. Palp with normal 5 segments and tarsal lyrifissure; setal formula: 0-2 - 1-3 - 9 (1); palpal eupathidium acm attached to solenidion at least along distal third of length ( Fig. 15View FIGURES 13 – 15, arrow). Axillary saccule of subcapitulum present. Chelicera chelate-dentate with 2 slender, barbed setae ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 13 – 15). Rutellum pantelobasic ( Figs. 13–15View FIGURES 13 – 15). Legs heterotridactylous; claws with fine denticles dorsally ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 7 – 12). Femora I to IV and trochanters III and IV with porose areas ( Figs. 16, 18, 19). Famulus (e) rod-like, rounded distally ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 7 – 12). Seta d absent from tibiae I to IV and genua I to III. Solenidion ω 2 present on tarsus II. Solenidia on tibiae and genua short, except φ 1 of tibia I flagellate. Tibia I without tubercle projecting over base of tarsus I.

Immatures. Apheredermous, plicate, without hysterosomal macrosclerites or excentrosclerites. Line of dehiscence extends to seta la ( Fig. 20View FIGURES 20 – 21, arrow). Prodorsal porose regions present ( Fig. 20View FIGURES 20 – 21). Gastronotal setation unideficient; larva with 11 (h 3 absent), nymphs with 15 pairs of setae (f 1, absent). Gastronotal setae of c, d, and l series monomorphic in larva and nymphs ( Figs. 20, 21View FIGURES 20 – 21). Opisthonotal gland present in all instars. Coxisternal porose regions present in all nymphs. Porose regions surrounding opening of opisthonotal gland, positioned ventrolaterally, in all nymphs ( Fig. 20View FIGURES 20 – 21). Apodemato-acetabular tracheal system or porose homologues absent. Paraprocts atrichous in larva, protonymph and deutonymph. Cupule development normal. Bothridium, bothridial seta and seta in fully formed in all immatures. Bothridium cup-shaped. Seta d absent from tibiae I to IV and genua I to III. Setation of protonymphal leg IV normal: 0-0-0- 0-7.

Remarks

Piffl (1972) suggested that the rostral incision found in Unduloribates  is distinct from the genal notch of many poronotic brachypyline taxa because it is an incision of the rostral tectum. Although the genal notch as defined by Grandjean (1952, his fig. 2 C) is an incision of the rostral tectum, a genal notch is oblique, whereas the incision of Unduloribates  is vertical; like Piffl (1972) we consider it distinct.

Piffl (1972) did not illustrate or describe humerosejugal porose areas Am and Ah for Unduloribates medusa  , and they have not been described for other species. However, these porose areas are visible in dissected lateral mounts or in young, weakly sclerotized adults of the species described below, and could have been easily overlooked in other species. Piffl (1972) beautifully illustrated components of the gnathosoma including the axillary saccule at the base of the palps. Piffl (1972) also illustrated the dorsal and ventral of the larva of U. medusa  , and noted the absence of seta h 3.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Sarcoptiformes

Family

Unduloribatidae

Loc

Unduloribates Balogh, 1943

Behan-Pelletier, Valerie M. & Walter, David E. 2009
2009
Loc

Unduloribates brevisetosus Nübel-Reidelbach and Woas 1992 : 99

Nubel-Reidelbach 1992: 99
1992
Loc

Unduloribates medusa

Piffl 1972: 270
1972
Loc

Unduloribates hebes

Aoki 1965: 298
1965
Loc

Unduloribates undulatus

Balogh 1943: 39
1943