Goodenia Sm., Spec. bot. New Holland 15. 1793, nom. cons. (fide Shepherd et al. 2017; Applequist 2019),

Shepherd, Kelly A., Lepschi, Brendan J., Johnson, Eden A., Gardner, Andrew G., Sessa, Emily B. & Jabaily, Rachel S., 2020, The concluding chapter: recircumscription of Goodenia (Goodeniaceae) to include four allied genera with an updated infrageneric classification, PhytoKeys 152, pp. 27-104: 27

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.152.49604

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E2C885BB-0A98-5F70-AD0C-B9C8D66EB494

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Goodenia Sm., Spec. bot. New Holland 15. 1793, nom. cons. (fide Shepherd et al. 2017; Applequist 2019)
status

 

Goodenia Sm., Spec. bot. New Holland 15. 1793, nom. cons. (fide Shepherd et al. 2017; Applequist 2019) 

Type.

G. ovata  Sm., typ. cons. (fide Shepherd et al. 2017; Applequist 2019).

Description.

Perennial shrubs or subshrubs, or annual or perennial herbs, sometimes stoloniferous and rooting at nodes; glabrous, or with simple (sometimes multicellular) hairs, or viscid with glandular hairs. Leaves basal and/or cauline, petiolate or sessile, entire to pinnatifid, usually with axillary hairs. Inflorescence a raceme, thyrse, spike, panicle, subumbel, axillary dichasia, or flowers solitary in axils of basal leaves; pedicels sometimes articulate, rarely geniculate, with or without bracteoles. Sepals 5 or 3, fused or free, variously adnate to ovary. Corolla bilabiate or fan-like (lobes almost equal), white, cream, yellow, orange, pink, mauve, blue or purple; corolla-lobes usually winged, sometimes unequally; with hairs in the throat (rarely glabrous), sometimes with enations; often auriculate; sometimes with pouch or spur; stamens free, epigynous or hypogynous; style simple or 2-4-fid, glabrous or with simple hairs; indusia 1-4, 2-lipped, usually with bristles on lips; ovary inferior or superior, rarely winged, usually incompletely 2-locular with few to many ovules either in two rows or scattered over surface of the placentas, or solitary. Fruit a 2- or 4-valved capsule (rarely fleshy), 1-seeded nut, 4-seeded hard drupe or rarely a soft, indehiscent fruit with wings ( G. careyi  ). Seeds flat or biconvex, usually with a rim or wing that is sometimes reduced.

Number of taxa and distribution.

The genus has c. 251 taxa and is predominantly Australian. Goodenia pilosa  extends to New Guinea, Indonesia, Malaysia, southern China and Philippines, while G. armstrongiana  , G. purpurascens  and G. pumilio  extend to New Guinea and G. koningsbergeri  occurs in India, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia and Indonesia according to Karthigeyan et al. (2009). Species previously included in Selliera  also occur in coastal habitats in New Zealand and South America.