Allocosa alticeps ( Mello-Leitão, 1944 ),

Simó, Miguel, Lise, Arno A., Pompozzi, Gabriel & Laborda, Álvaro, 2017, On the taxonomy of southern South American species of the wolf spider genus Allocosa (Araneae: Lycosidae: Allocosinae), Zootaxa 4216 (3), pp. 261-278: 273-276

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.231813

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E62987A6-9C0D-FFF5-FF10-F888FC21FD01

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scientific name

Allocosa alticeps ( Mello-Leitão, 1944 )
status

 

Allocosa alticeps ( Mello-Leitão, 1944) 

Figs 4View FIGURE 4, 5View FIGURE 5 E –F, 6E –F, 8C –D, 9

Glieschiella alticeps Mello-Leitão, 1944: 347  , figs 37–38 (Male lectotype and immature female paralectotype (designated herein) from San Blas , Buenos Aires, Argentina (40°33´S, 62°13´W), M. Birabén leg., II.1941, MLP 16060View Materials, examinedGoogleMaps  ; MLP 16061, not found).

Allocosa alticeps: Capocasale 2001: 272  .

Remarks. Mello-Leitão (1944) described the male and the female. From the examination of the types ( MLP 16060View Materials) we found a male with an immature female. In the original description the author mentioned another second type sample ( MLP 16061View Materials), but it was not found in that collection.

Other material examined. Argentina. Buenos Aires. Pehuen-co, Bosque Encantado (39°0'S, 61°34'W), 3. II.2013, N. Ferretti leg., 1 female (FCE Ar 6708)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female (FCE Ar 5974); 8.I.2014, 1 female (FCE Ar 4835); 1 male (FCE Ar 4836); 1 male, 1 female (FCE Ar 4837); 1 male (LZI 318); all collected by G. Pompozzi; same localityGoogleMaps  , L. Schwerdt leg., 1 female (LZI 316); S. Copperi leg.,1 female (LZI 317); N. Ferretti leg., 1 male (LZI 319).

Diagnosis. A. alticeps  resembles A. marindia  sp. nov. in the similar body size, colouration and by the vulval chambers laterally projected, but differs by the terminal apophysis of the male bulb slightly folded at the tip ( Figs 4View FIGURE 4 A –D, 5E), and by the tip of the head of the spermathecae laterally projected ( Figs 4View FIGURE 4 F, 6F).

Description. Male (Lectotype). The body is densely covered with setae. Carapace yellowish with cephalic area high. Eyes surrounded by black rings. Thoracic grooves narrow and dark brown. Chelicerae dark brown. Clypeus yellowish, with four median setae. Labium dark brown, truncated at the apex. Endites dark brown, convergent, with rounded apex. Sternum yellowish, with dark edges, acuminate posteriorly. Legs yellowish. Opisthosoma yellowish, with light brown spots. Spinnerets yellow, densely covered with dark setae, anterior laterals the longest. Total length 7.75. Carapace 4.85 long, 3.20 wide. Clypeus 0.25 high. Eye diameters and interdistances AME 0.22, ALE 0.15, PME 0.43, PLE 0.33, AME –AME 0.13, AME –ALE 0.03, PME –PME 0.40, PME –PLE 0.50, PLE –PLE 0.83. Chelicerae 2.70 long, with three promarginal teeth, the median the largest, and three retromarginal teeth, increasing in length from basal to apical. Opisthosoma 3.50 long, 2.25 wide. Leg formula IV/I/III/II; segment length: I femur 3.20/patella 1.50/tibia 2.35/ metatarsus 2.25/ tarsus 1.45/total 10.75. II 3.0/1.50/1.90/2.0/1.35/9.75. III 3.0/1.63/2.0/2.58/1.50/10.70. IV 3.75/2.0/3.0/3.40/1.75/13.90. Leg spination: I, femur p1ap, d1-1-1, r1-1; patella p1, r1; tibia p1-1, r1, v2-2 -2; metatarsus p1-1-1, r1-1, v2-2 - 3. II, femur p1, d1-1-1, r1-1; patella p1, r1; tibia p1-1, d1, r1-1, v1-1 -2; metatarsus p1-1-1, r1-1-1, v2-2 - 1. III, femur p1-1, d1-1-1, r1ap; patella p1, r1; tibia p1-1, d1, r1-1, v2-2 -2; metatarsus v2-2 - 3. IV, femur p1-1, d1-1-1, r1ap; patella p1, r1; tibia p1-1, d 1, r1-1, v2-2 -2; metatarsus p1-1-1, r1-1-1, v3-2 -3. Palpus: cymbium longer than tibia, with two apical macrosetae. Terminal apophysis folded, median apophysis bifurcated ( Figs 4View FIGURE 4 A –D, 5E –F).

Female (FCE Ar 4835). As in male except for the following: endites yellowish. Total length 9.60. Carapace 4.80 long, 3.01 wide. Clypeus 0.20 high. Eye diameters and interdistances AME 0.2, ALE 0.15, PME 0.40, PLE 0.30, AME –AME 0.10, AME –ALE 0.05, PME –PME 0.4, PME –PLE 0.50, PLE –PLE 0.75. Chelicerae 2.50 long, with three promarginal teeth, the median the largest, and three retromarginal teeth, increasing in length from basal to apical. Opisthosoma 4.20 long, 3.3 wide. Leg formula IV/I/II/III; segment length: I femur 3.30/patella 1.60/tibia 2.30/ metatarsus 2.10/ tarsus 1.50/total 10.80. II 3.0/1.50/2.10/2.0/1.40/10.0. III 2.90/1.40/2.0/2.20/1.50/10.0. IV 3.06/1.60/3.10/3.30/1.80/12.86. Leg spination: I, femur p1ap, d1-1-1, r1ap; patella p1; tibia p1-1, r0-1, v2-2 -2; metatarsus p1-1-2, r1-1-2, v2-2 - 1. II, femur p1ap, d1-1-1, r1-1; patella p1; tibia p1-1, v1-1 -2; metatarsus p1-1-2, r1-2, v2-2 - 1. III, femur p1-1, d1-1-1, r1-1; patella p1, r1; tibia p1-1, d1, r1-1, v2-1 -2; metatarsus p1-1-2, r1-1-2, v2- 2 - 1. IV, femur p1-1, d1-1-1, r1; patella p1, r1ap; tibia p1-1, d1, r1-1, v2-2 -2; metatarsus p1-1-2, r1-1-2, v3-2 -1. Palpus with conspicuous prolateral macrosetae in patella, tibia and metatarsus. Tarsal claw pectinated and well developed. Epigynum rather flat, with lateral copulatory openings ( Figs 4View FIGURE 4 E, 6E).

Variation. Measurements, male (n=5): carapace length 4.1–4.9; carapace width 3.0–3.6; femur I length 3.0– 3.6. Female (n=5): carapace length 3.8–4.8; carapace width 3.0–3.5; femur I length 2.6–3.3.

Natural history. Allocosa alticeps  lives in sand coastal dunes associated with psammophile vegetation, where specimens construct burrows ( Fig 8View FIGURE 8 C –D). The species was also registered in sandy areas with exotic vegetation of Tamarix gallica  L. ( Tamaricaceae  ), Eucalyptus  sp. and Pinus  sp. ( Celsi & Montserrat 2008).

Distribution. Southern Buenos Aires Province, Argentina ( Fig. 9View FIGURE 9).

MLP

Museo de La Plata

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Lycosidae

Genus

Allocosa

Loc

Allocosa alticeps ( Mello-Leitão, 1944 )

Simó, Miguel, Lise, Arno A., Pompozzi, Gabriel & Laborda, Álvaro 2017
2017
Loc

Glieschiella alticeps Mello-Leitão, 1944 : 347

Mello-Leitao 1944: 347
Loc

Allocosa alticeps:

Capocasale 2001: 272