Solariola rosae Bellò, Osella & Baviera,

Bello’, Cesare, Osella, Giuseppe & Baviera, Cosimo, 2019, A taxonomic monograph of the genus Solariola Flach, 1908 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Entiminae), Zootaxa 4676 (1), pp. 1-261: 226-232

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4676.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:773A5C38-EDED-4C2F-9252-FE181C232E5A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E93E8780-7DF5-FF32-FF7C-F989FC7AFE49

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Solariola rosae Bellò, Osella & Baviera
status

sp.n.

Solariola rosae Bellò, Osella & Baviera  sp.n.

( Figs 43, 43a, 43b, 43c, 43d, 43eView FIGURES 43–43, 46nView FIGURES 46, 89, 89View FIGURES 47–89 ’, 132, 175, 218) http://zoobank.org/ urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:B5BB4190-0DD5-43A6-AA52-

Type locality. Sicily, Peloritani Mountains, Messina, San Pier Niceto, Li Pantani, ( Fig. 269View FIGURES 267–270).

Diagnosis. A medium size Solariola  (TL: 2.9 0–3.20 mm; BL: 2.40–2.65 mm) belonging to the paganettii  group with slender body shape. Within the species group, it is recognisable by more slender shape, elytra elongate with declivity <75 degrees, elytral setae numerous, long and semi-erect. Rostrum robust and short (RL: 0.40–0.45 mm, RW: 0.30–0.35 mm, RL/RW: 1.29–1.33). Mesorostrum carinae slightly divergent to sides. Forehead convex (FW/ MW: 2.00–2.00). Submentum with short, whitish-yellowish pappolepida. Antennae with thin scape and elongate funicle (SL: 0.50–0.55 mm, FL: 0.75–0.85 mm, SL/FL: 0.65–0.67). Pronotum longer than wide (PL: 0.65–0.72 mm, PW: 0.60–0.65 mm, PL/PW: 1.08–1.11) without echinopappolepida at base. Elongate, sub-parallel elytra, dorsally vaulted (EL: 1.75–1.95 mm, EW: 0.85–0.95 mm, EL/EW: 2.05–2.11) with thin, elongate, semi-erect setae.

Type series. Holotype male with following labels: [genitalia in DHMF] [transparent label] / ♂ [w, p] / Sicilia: Messina, Peloritani , San Pier Niceto , Li Pantani , V.[aglio] Juglans & Hedera , 700m, 09. I. 2011, leg. Baviera C.[osimo] [w, p] / N38°06.091’ E15°20.552’ [w, p] / Collezione Cesare Bellò , Castelfranco Veneto [g, p] / Solariola rosae  Holotype det. Bellò, Osella & Baviera, 2018 [r, p] / esemplare fotografato by Francesco Sacco [y, p] ( MCIZ)GoogleMaps  .

Paratypes twelve specimens with following labels: Sicilia: Messina, Peloritani , San Pier Niceto , Li Pantani , V. Juglans & Hedera , 700m, 09. I. 2011, leg. Baviera C. / N38°06.091’ E15°20.552’, 4 males and 6 females ( CBA, CBE)GoogleMaps  ; Sicilia: Messina, Peloritani , Gualtieri Sicaminò , Li Pantani , 700 s.l.m, 03. IV. 2010, leg. Baviera C., 1 female ( CBA)  ; Sicilia: same data, 18. VI. 2010, leg. Baviera C., 1 female ( CBE). All with label: Solariola rosae  paratype det. Bellò, Osella & Baviera, 2018 [r, p]  .

Other specimens with following labels: Sicilia, Messina, F. Vitale, 5 exx ( MSNG)  ; Sicilia: Messina, Peloritani , San Pier Niceto , Torr. Niceto , Aff. 1, V. Populus  , 180m, 06. IV. 2013, leg. Baviera C. / N38°07.925’ E15°22.720’, 5 exx ( CBA, CBE)GoogleMaps  ; I, Sicilia, Messina, San Pier Niceto , vaglio Populus  + Hedera  , affluente, 15. II. 2014, Baviera leg. (5 exx: CBA, CBE)  ; I, Sicilia, Messina, San Pier Niceto , affluente, 180m, 16. II. 2014, Baviera leg, N38°07.925’ E15°22.720’ (3 exx: CBE, GOS)GoogleMaps  ; I, I, Sicilia, Messina, San Pier Niceto , Niceto 5, vaglio Quercus ile  x, 16. V. 2014, Baviera C. leg. (5 exx: CBA, CBE)  ; Sicilia, Messina, San Pier Niceto , vaglio Populus  + Hedera  , affluente 2, 16. V. 2014, Baviera leg. (5 exx: CBA, CBE)  ; I, Sicilia, Messina, San Pier Niceto , dx torrente, vaglio sotto Populus  1. V. 2014, Baviera leg. (6 exx: CBA, CBE)  ; I, Sicilia, Messina, San Pier Niceto , Niceto 5, 5. IV. 2015, Baviera C. leg. (3exx: CBA, CBE) I, Sicilia, Messina, San Pier Niceto , Niceto 2, vaglio, 2. V. 2015, Baviera leg. (3exx: CBA, CBE)  ; I, Sicilia, Messina, San Pier Niceto , vaglio Populus  + Hedera  , affluente 2, 3. IV. 2016, Baviera leg. (7exx: CBA, CBE, MTE)  ; I, Sicily, Messina, Monforte San Giorgio , Monte Marra , Santuario Immacolata , vaglio, 1. XI. 2018, P. Fabbri leg. (2 females, CBE)  ; I, Sicily, Messina, Monforte San Giorgio , Monte Marra , Santuario Immacolata , vaglio, 24. XI. 2018 Baviera leg. (1 male, CBA)  . All with label: Solariola rosae  det. Bellò, Osella & Baviera, 2018 [w, p]. Other specimens are forty-six males and females. 

Holotype description. Male. See Figs 43, 43a, 43b, 43c, 43d, 43eView FIGURES 43–43. Elongate body (T L: 3.20 mm, BL: 2.65 mm). Brownish cuticle.

Rostrum short and robust (RL: 0.45 mm, RW: 0.35 mm, RL/RW: 1.29), conical to sides with pterygium expanded. Epistome absent. Mesorostrum carinae slightly divergent to sides. Submentum with short and yellowish pappolepida, not visible around mesorostrum. Interocular pit visible. Forehead convex (FW/MW: 2.00). Vestigial eyes, small, convex, and just visible.

Antennae thin and elongate (SL: 0.55 mm, FL: 0.85 mm, SL/FL: 0.65); AS ratio: 8.7.4.3.3.4.4.14. Scape clubbed, slightly robust than funicle, curved at proximal third and progressively thickening towards apex. Funicle elongate and thin; all segments with elongate and thin setae. Club three-segmented, oval-shaped, in length twice the width, densely covered by thin setae.

Pronotum longer than wide (PL: 0.70 mm, PW: 0.65 mm, PL/PW: 1.08), wider in the apical half and without echinopappolepida at base. Scutellum visible.

Elytra elongate, sub-parallel to sides, dorsally vaulted (EL: 1.95 mm, EW: 0.95 mm, EL/EW: 2.05), wider in the basal third with convex suture. Humeri rounded. Striae with 17 punctures, catenulate, close, not small, deep. Interstriae convex with thin, elongate, semi-erect setae. Elytral declivity <75 degrees.

Legs short and robust with clubbed femora. Protibia ten seven acute spines on inner edge and an evident mucro on inner apical angle. Protibia sinuous on inner edge and slightly curved in side view. Metatibia and mesotibia straight in side view. All tibia with noticeable apical comb. Tarsal segment 1 short, conical; segment 2 short and transverse; segment 3 very bilobed; all segments with thin golden setae. Onychium curved, robust and short with one short claw.

Male genitalia. See Figs: dorsal shape aedeagus Fig. 89View FIGURES 47–89; apex of penis Fig. 89View FIGURES 47–89 ’; IX sternite Fig. 132View FIGURES 90–132.

Female genitalia. See Figs: spermatheca Fig. 175View FIGURES 133–175; VIII sternite Fig. 218View FIGURES 176–218.

Sexual dimorphism. Males can usually be recognized by their smaller size, slender appearance, more rounded humeri, legs stronger with a more noticeable apical mucro, and ventrites 1 and 2 slightly hollowed.

Paratypes variability. Paratypes, sexual dimorphism excluded, are similar to the holotype but differs in size.

Distribution. See Figs. 223, 223a. Sicilian endemic. Known from Peloritani Mountains, in surroundings Gualtieri Sicaminò at 180–700 meters of elevation.

Etymology. Named after Rosa Amato, the grand uncle of the wife of one of us (Baviera), for her great passion for the nature of her native country, were the new species live. Ecology and Phenology. Collected S. rosae  by Winkler extractors from soil obtained sifting the leaf litter of Juglans  sp. with Hedera  sp., in winter or spring season. Main soil type. Dystric Cambisol (European Soil Data Centre; Panagos et al. 2012). Reproduction. Amphigonic. Associated species. Sympatric with Pseudomeira reitteri (Vitale, 1903)  .

MCIZ

Museo Cambria, Istituto di Zoologia dell'Universita

MSNG

Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 'Giacomo Doria'