Kryptochroma septata Machado & Teixeira, 2021

Machado, Miguel, Viecelli, Rafaela, Guzati, Catherine, Grismado, Cristian J. & Teixeira, Renato A., 2021, Kryptochroma: a new genus of bark-dwelling crab spiders (Araneae, Thomisidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 778, pp. 26-70 : 55-63

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2021.778.1565

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4AFEC628-D555-44BD-8592-3A338694885F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5686960

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/96E641ED-BE48-4D11-A39B-DED89D51FE29

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:96E641ED-BE48-4D11-A39B-DED89D51FE29

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Kryptochroma septata Machado & Teixeira
status

gen. et sp. nov.

Kryptochroma septata Machado & Teixeira   gen. et sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:96E641ED-BE48-4D11-A39B-DED89D51FE29

Figs 16–18 View Fig View Fig View Fig , 20A View Fig , 22C View Fig

Diagnosis

The female of K. septata   sp. nov. is similar to that of K. pentacantha   by its general body shape, prominent MS and well-developed median opisthosomal projection. However, females of K. septata   sp. nov. can be recognized by the large median septum on the epigynal plate and by the deep excavations where the elliptical copulatory openings are located ( Figs 16C, E View Fig , 22C View Fig ). The male is similar to that of S. quadrata   sp. nov. by the rounded tegulum and to K. pentacantha   by the stout and conical RTA, however, can be distinguished from these two species by its shorter, thicker and more curved embolus ( Figs 17C, E View Fig , 20A View Fig ). Differently from K. pentacantha   , in males of K. septata   sp. nov. the RTA presents a terminal curvature that makes this apophysis points vertically rather to the backwards of the cymbium ( Figs 17D, F View Fig , 20A View Fig ).

Etymology

The name is a reference to the remarkable median septum on the epigynal plate of females.

Material examined

Holotype BRAZIL • ♀; Minas Gerais, Vale Verde, Parque Nacional do Caparaó ; 20°25′5.9″ S, 41°50′48.7″ W; 24–30 Nov. 2014; B.T. Faleiro leg.; UFMG 18269 View Materials . GoogleMaps  

Paratype BRAZIL • 1 ♂; same collection data as for holotype; UFMG 22431 View Materials GoogleMaps   .

Additional material

None.

Description

Female (holotype, UFMG 18296)

PROSOMA. Anterior row eye strongly recurved and posterior slightly procurved ( Fig. 16B View Fig ); ALE slightly larger than AME; carapace predominantly dark-yellow with cephalic region dark-brown; clypeus yellow; sternum slightly longer than wide, dark-brown with a central yellow stain; labium truncated and totally dark-brown; chelicerae dark-yellow

LEGS. Anterior legs (I and II) dark-yellow with dark taints randomly distributed; posterior legs (III and IV) predominantly yellow.

OPISTHOSOMA. Rough surfaced, predominantly dark-yellow, with dark-brown stains bypassing the upperlateral opisthosomal projections and the median posterior one; a central white macula can be observed on the dorsum ( Fig. 16A View Fig ); spermathecae smooth surfaced and kidney-shaped ( Fig. 16D, F View Fig ).

MEASUREMENTS. Eye diameters and eye interdistances:AME 0.10,ALE 0.16, PME 0.14, PLE 0.14, AME– AME 0.12, AME–ALE 0.14, PME–PME 0.22, PME–PLE 0.07, MOQ length 0.12, MOQ width 0.20; leg formula: 1-2-4-3: leg I – femur 4/ patella 2.15/ tibiae 2.75/ metatarsus 1.75/ tarsus 1.15/ total 11.80; II – 3.25/ 1.80/ 2.25/ 1.50/ 1.15/ 9.95; III – 1.75/ 1/ 1.50/ 0.90/ 0.90/ 6.05; IV – 2.25/ 0.75/ 1.75/ 1/ 0.80/

6.55. Total body length 7.80; carapace 3.65 length, 3.75 width; opisthosoma length 4.15; clypeus 0.40 height; sternum 1.70 length, 1.50 width; endites 0.90 length, 0.46 width; labium 0.48 length, 0.74 width.

Male (paratype, UFMG 22431)

PROSOMA. Reddish-brown with lighter median area and clypeus ( Fig. 17A–B View Fig ).

LEGS. Anterior legs (I and II) reddish-brown with macrosetae sockets yellowish-white; posterior femora (III and IV) bicolor, yellow on their proximal half and reddish-brown on its distal part.

OPISTHOSOMA. Predominantly brown with black punctuations; opisthosomal projections are reddish and bear white maculae on its basis; a dorsal white guanine spot can be also observed on the median region of the dorsum ( Fig. 17A View Fig ).

MEASUREMENTS. Eye diameters and eye interdistances: AME 0.07, ALE 0.09, PME 0.07, PLE 0.07, AME–AME 0.09, AME–ALE 0.09, PME–PME 0.16, PME–PLE 0.07, MOQ length 0.28, MOQ width 0.23; leg formula: 1-2-4-3: leg I – femur 1.71/ patella 0.92/ tibiae 1.35/ metatarsus 1.02/ tarsus 0.57/ total 5.57; II – 1.33/ 0.83/ 1.04/ 0.80/ 0.59/ 4.59; III – 0.88/ 0.57/ 0.78/ 0.54/ 0.38/ 3.15; IV – 1.09/ 0.57/ 0.85/ 0.64/ 0.42/ 3.57. Total body length 4.16; carapace 1.97 length, 1.85 width; opisthosoma length 2.19; clypeus 0.23 height; sternum 0.88 length, 0.88width; endites 0.40 length, 0.21 width; labium 0.21 length, 0.30 width.

Distribution

Brazil (Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais) ( Fig. 18 View Fig ).

Additional taxonomic acts

The type material of all other Neotropical species hitherto assigned to Stephanopis   was examined. The following species do not share the diagnostic characters proposed for Kryptochroma   gen. nov., therefore

.

they are being considered as nomina dubia or transferred to other genera recently revised by Teixeira et al. (2014), Silva-Moreira & Machado   (2016) and Machado   et al. (2018, 2019a).