Kryptochroma gigas Machado & Viecelli, 2021

Machado, Miguel, Viecelli, Rafaela, Guzati, Catherine, Grismado, Cristian J. & Teixeira, Renato A., 2021, Kryptochroma: a new genus of bark-dwelling crab spiders (Araneae, Thomisidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 778, pp. 26-70 : 32-34

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2021.778.1565

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4AFEC628-D555-44BD-8592-3A338694885F

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5686946

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6DC79758-A014-4D6F-960B-4C63ACB17982

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:6DC79758-A014-4D6F-960B-4C63ACB17982

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Kryptochroma gigas Machado & Viecelli
status

gen. et sp. nov.

Kryptochroma gigas Machado & Viecelli   gen. et sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:6DC79758-A014-4D6F-960B-4C63ACB17982

Figs 3 View Fig , 9 View Fig , 21A

Diagnosis

The female of Kryptochroma gigas   gen. et sp. nov. resembles those of K. quadrata   sp. nov. and K. pentacantha   by its large body size, which is significantly larger than in the other species here described. Kryptochroma gigas   gen. et sp. nov. can be distinguished by the elevated and short opisthosoma and by the heart-shaped epigynal plate with a short and stout projection over a wide median septum, which divides the median field in two longitudinal gutters reaching the copulatory openings ( Figs 3C–F View Fig , 21A View Fig ).

Etymology

The epithet is a Latin feminine noun that means giant, referring to the bigger size of this species compared to other species of the genus.

Material examined

Holotype BRAZIL • ♀; Minas Gerais, Simonésia, Estação Biológica da Mata do Sossego ; 20°04′25″ S, 42°04′13″ W; 28–30 Nov. 2010; M.T.T. Santos leg.; UFMG 4734 View Materials . GoogleMaps  

Additional material

None.

Description

Female (holotype, UFMG 4734)

PROSOMA. Anterior eye row very recurved and posterior slightly procurved; prosoma dark yellow with large lateral black taints, median region and posterior slope yellow, contoured by black lines ( Fig. 3A– B View Fig ). Chelicerae dark yellow with black stains, endites and labium black, sternum black with a median yellow taint.

LEGS. Femora I and II dorsally enlarged and with many setiferous tubercles, femora III and IV bicolor, half black, half yellow.

OPISTHOSOMA. Predominantly dark-yellow, black on the back of the abdominal projections and on the sides, rough surfaced and slightly concave on the anterior border ( Fig. 3A–B View Fig ).

MEASUREMENTS. Eye diameters and eye interdistances:AME 0.09,ALE 0.14, PME 0.12, PLE 0.12, AME– AME 0.08, AME–ALE 0.12, PME–PME 0.24, PME–PLE 0.06, MOQ length 0.43, MOQ width 0.48; leg formula: 1-2-4-3: leg I – femur 4.66/ patella 2.59/ tibiae 3.10/ metatarsus 2.17/ tarsus 1.29/ total 13.81; II – 3.83/ 2.07/ 2.84/ 1.86/ 1.29/ 11.89; III – 2.07/ 1.29/ 1.86/ 1.19/ 0.82/ 7.23; IV – 2.59/ 1.19/ 1.86/ 1.29/ 0.82/ 7.75. Total body length 9.62; prosoma 4.40 length, 4.04 width; opisthosoma

length 4.62; clypeus 0.37 height; sternum 1.45 length, 1.20 width; endites 0.69 length, 0.40 width; labium 0.48 length, 0.53 width.

Male

Unknown.

Distribution

Central Brazil (Minas Gerais) ( Fig. 9 View Fig ).