Hydroides sanctaecrucis Krøyer,

Bastida-Zavala, J. Rolando, Buelna, Alondra Sofía Rodríguez, León-González, Jesús Angel De, Camacho-Cruz, Karla Andrea & Carmona, 2016, New records of sabellids and serpulids (Polychaeta: Sabellidae, Serpulidae) from the Tropical Eastern Pacific, Zootaxa 4184 (3), pp. 401-457: 426

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4184.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3DD2861B-C3E9-474A-B442-A2BFEBB1AE9D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EC398785-8736-FFD9-FF24-FF2E5E72F867

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hydroides sanctaecrucis Krøyer
status

 

Hydroides sanctaecrucis Krøyer  [in] Mörch, 1863

( Figures 6View FIGURE 6, 12View FIGURE 12 E)

Hydroides  ( Eucarphus  ) sanctae-crucis Krøyer [in] Mörch, 1863: 378 –379, pl. 11, Fig. 12View FIGURE 12. Type locality: Saint Croix, Caribbean Sea.

Eupomatus sanctae crucis  .— Rioja 1958: 262 –264 (Verde Island and Santiaguillo Island, Veracruz).

Hydroides sanctaecrucis  .— Long 1974: 28 ( Oahu , Hawaii, 15 m, with little coverage on test panels); Bastida-Zavala & ten Hove 2002: 148–151 (first record from the Pacific coast of Panamá; 5 m)  ; Bastida-Zavala & ten Hove 2003: 101–102, Figs 19P –Q ( Oaxaca and Panamá; 0–1 m)  ; Salazar-Vallejo & Londoño-Mesa 2004: 54 (Tropical Eastern Pacific, checklist); Cohen 2006: 167 (possible introductions from the Atlantic to the Pacific via of the Panamá Canal); Lewis et al. 2006: 666– 669 (establishment in northern Australia and Singapore); Okolodkov et al. 2007: 40 (exotic in the Mexican Pacific); Bastida-Zavala 2008: 29, fig. 6R (Oaxaca; 0–1 m)  ; Bastida-Zavala 2009: 535–536, Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 B (identification key for Tropical America ); ten Hove & Kupriyanova 2009: 54 (worldwide serpulid checklist); Tovar-Hernández et al. 2012: 18–19 ( La Paz , Baja California Sur , Guaymas , Sonora , and Topolobampo , Sinaloa ); Bastida-Zavala et al. 2013: 349 ( Oaxaca , checklist); Bastida-Zavala et al. 2014: 326–327, Fig. 19.1i (exotic in the Mexican Pacific ); Tovar-Hernández et al. 2014: 390 ( Marina Palmira, Topolobampo  , Sinaloa ; Marina Fonatur, Guaymas  , Sonora ; and Marina La Paz  , Baja California Sur); Villalobos-Guerrero et al. 2014: 107 (Sinaloa, checklist); Sun et al. 2015: 76–79, fig. 25 (Northern Territory and Queensland, Australia; intertidal to 1 m; on rocks, fouling of ship’s hulls and other man-made structures). 

Hydroides santaecrusis  (sic): Dueñas 1981: 99–100, fig. 29A –F (Albornoz, Cartagena Bay, Colombia; on mangrove roots); Quirós-Rodríguez et al. 2013: 91, Table 3 (Córdoba, Colombian Caribbean; on red algae, intertidal).

Eupomatus sanctaecrucis  .— Salazar-Vallejo & Londoño-Mesa 2004: 54 (Tropical Eastern Pacific, checklist).

Material examined. 71 specimens.

Sonora: UANL 7883, 2 spec. ( Marina Real  , Puerto San Carlos, 27°56’41.7”N, 111°05’35.6”W, July 7, 2011, coll. JAL & ALE).GoogleMaps 

Baja California Sur: UANL 7882, 42 spec. ( Marina Fonatur, La Paz  , 24°07’29.7”N, 110°20’47.1”W, November 14, 2013)GoogleMaps  ; UANL 7881View Materials ( Marina  Puerto Los Cabos , San José del Cabo, sta. 1, 23°03’42.4”N, 109°40’27.8”W, April 4, 2011, coll. ARB & JAL)GoogleMaps  ; UANL 7880, 2 spec. ( Marina  Cabo San Lucas, sta. 1: 22°53’09.1”N, 109°54’38.4”W, April 22, 2010, coll. ARB & JAL).GoogleMaps 

Oaxaca: UMAR-Poly 780, 4 spec. ( Salina Cruz  , angler pier, main dock, sta. 4, 1 m, May 26, 2011, coll. SGM et al.); UMAR-Poly 781, 10 spec. (same, hull of the shrimp boat “ Golfo Pérsico ”, 1 m, May 26, 2011, coll. EVP); UMAR-Poly 782, 10 spec. (Laguna Inferior, San Dionisio del Mar , 16°18’8”N, 94°44’56”W, 0.5 m, salinity= 30.77 PSU, August 30, 2014, coll. CPR).GoogleMaps 

Habitat. Intertidal to subtidal (5 m, Bastida-Zavala & ten Hove 2002). On anthropogenic substrates in marinas and ports (from Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur; Puerto San Carlos, Sonora; and Salina Cruz  , Oaxaca). On rocks, floats and piers, salinity range 19–37 PSU (Bastida-Zavala & ten Hove 2003). Fouling species. 

Distribution. Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, from Eastern Florida to French Guyana. As exotic species in the Pacific side of Panamá (Bastida-Zavala & ten Hove 2002), Oaxaca (Bastida-Zavala & ten Hove 2003), Gulf of California (Tovar-Hernández et al. 2012), Hawaii ( Long 1974), northern Australia and Singapore ( Lewis et al. 2006).

Remarks. The first record of Hydroides sanctaecrucis  in the Tropical Eastern Pacific was from Panamá, specimens collected in 1972 (Bastida-Zavala & ten Hove 2002); previously, the species was reported from Oahu  , Hawaii, collected 1968–1972 ( Long 1974). The species was recorded from Oaxaca, collected in 2000 (Bastida- Zavala & ten Hove 2003); from Northern Australia, collected between 1998 and 2001  ; from Singapore, sampled 2002 ( Lewis et al. 2006), moreover, these authors suspect that H. cf. uncinata  , as recorded by Sun & Yang (2000, Figs 7View FIGURE 7 J-L) from the China Sea, might be H. sanctaecrucis  ; and from Darwin, Northern Territory of Australia in 2014 (Sun et al. 2015). Recently, the species was recorded from several localities in the Gulf of California (Tovar- Hernández et al. 2012). 

In Northern Australia and Singapore Hydroides sanctaecrucis  is an invasive species which reaches high abundances in several areas ( Lewis et al. 2006). Although the species has been present in Oaxaca and Los Cabos marinas for several years, its abundance is not very high, approximately 25–50 specimens/m2.

Lakshmana Rao (1969: 9, Plate 6, Figs A –H) described Hydroides vizagensis Lakshmana Rao, 1969  from Visakhapatnam, northeastern of India; however, the description and the figure of the operculum correspond to the H. sanctaecrucis  description (opinion shared with Lena Kupriyanova and Harry ten Hove, pers. comm. 2016). Would need revise the type specimens (deposited in Andhra University, India) for confirm that suspicion.

UANL

Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon

ARB

Salahiddin University

PSU

Portland State University, Vertebrate Biology Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Annelida

Class

Polychaeta

Order

Sabellida

Family

Serpulidae

Genus

Hydroides

Loc

Hydroides sanctaecrucis Krøyer

Bastida-Zavala, J. Rolando, Buelna, Alondra Sofía Rodríguez, León-González, Jesús Angel De, Camacho-Cruz, Karla Andrea & Carmona 2016
2016
Loc

Eupomatus sanctaecrucis

Salazar-Vallejo 2004: 54
2004
Loc

Eupomatus sanctae crucis

Rioja 1958: 262
1958
Loc

Hydroides

Morch 1863: 378
1863