Pseudomacrochenus wusuae , He, Li, Liu, Bin & Wang, Cheng-Bin, 2017

He, Li, Liu, Bin & Wang, Cheng-Bin, 2017, Pseudomacrochenuswusuae sp. n., a new species from Sichuan, China (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Lamiinae), ZooKeys 656, pp. 111-121: 113-119

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.656.11676

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E46E35E1-1DC4-4424-9E11-9F2ADD173FE7

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C9924F5B-C4EE-4B95-BD8F-324CCA00FF89

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:C9924F5B-C4EE-4B95-BD8F-324CCA00FF89

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Pseudomacrochenus wusuae
status

sp. n.

Pseudomacrochenus wusuae  sp. n. Figs 1, 2, 3, 4B, F–H, 5, 6 C–D

Type material.

Holotype: ♂, CHINA, Sichuan: Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Xichang City, Mt. Lushan (泸山) N27°49', E102°15', alt. 2050 m, 8.V.2015, Li He leg. (BITS); Paratype: 23♂♂39♀♀. 5♂♂4♀♀, same data as holotype except 16-17.XI.2015 (larva), em. II–III.2016, Li He & Bin Liu leg. (5♂♂ in NMPC and 4♀♀ in CLHC); 2♀♀, same data as holotype except alt. 2230 m, 8.VIII.2012, Li He leg. (CLHC); 1♀, same data as holotype (CLHC); 1♀, same data as holotype except 16-17.XI.2015 (larva), 17.II.2016 (pupa), em. 16.III.2016, Li He & Bin Liu leg. (CLHC); 1♀, same data as holotype except 16.XI.2015 (larva), em. 3.III.2016, Li He & Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 1♂, same data as holotype except alt. 2095 m, 17.XI.2015 (larva), em. 16.II.2016, Li He & Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 2♀♀, same data as holotype except 5.III.2016 (larva), em. 3.IV.2016, Li He leg. (CLHC); 7♂♂7♀♀, same data as holotype except 7.V.2016, Li He & Ben-Fu Miao leg. (CLHC); 1♂, same data as holotype except alt. 1928 m, 11.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 2♂♂7♀♀, same data as holotype except alt. 1900 m, 11-16.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (CJYT); 1♂, same data as holotype except alt. ca. 2000 m, 12.VI.2015, Bin Liu leg. (CJYT); 1♂1♀, same data as holotype except alt. 1900 m, 11-16.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (CCWI); 1♂2♀♀, same data as holotype except alt. 1928 m, 12.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 2♀♀, same data as holotype except alt. 2040 m, 12.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 1♀, same data as holotype except alt. 1928 m,13.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 5♀♀, same data as holotype except alt. 2049 m, 16.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 1♂, same data as holotype except alt. 1703 m, 20.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 1♀, same data as holotype except alt. 1928 m, 20.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 1♀, same data as holotype except alt. 1647 m, 21.VI.2016, Bin Liu leg. (BITS); 1♂1♀, same data as holotype except 25.VI.2016, Chao Zhou, Bin Liu & Li He leg. (CCZC); 1♂, same data as holotype except 25.VI.2016, Chao Zhou, Bin Liu & Li He leg. (BITS).

Diagnosis.

Pronotum without spine at the lateral side, but only with an inconspicuous vestigial small tubercle. Elytra with a contrasting large spot on the middle constituted of pale grayish setae, except for a hairless area around the anterior margin forming a black semicircular ring. Abdominal tergite VIII with posterior edge weakly emarginate; sternite VIII short, with posterior edge more or less truncate.

Description.

Male. Size relatively large, body length 16.22-30.20 mm, humeral width 4.48-8.72 mm. Length (mm) of different body parts: head (3.53) : antenna (68.27) : pronotum (5.37) : elytra (17.39) : protibia (7.57); width (mm): head (3.44) : pronotum (4.91) : elytra (7.84). Body length/elytral width = 3.50; antenna length/body length = 2.49. Antennomeres with length ratio from base to tip: 6.70 - 1.00 - 16.38 - 12.29 - 12.33 - 12.80 - 12.92 - 11.78 - 9.70 - 7.85 - 13.64.

Habitus is shown in Fig. 1 A–B. Body color dark brown to black. Head covered with fulvous setae, forming four small spots at posterior margin of the occiput. Dorsal surface of scape, pedicel and antennomere III with fulvous setae, following antennomeres with very faint fulvous setae; apical parts of the antennomeres III–X and middle part of the antennomere XI with very faint brown setae, making alternant contrasting colors on these antennomeres; ventral surface of scape, pedicel and antennomeres III–IV fringed with long, brown setae, but distinctly less dense on the antennomere IV. Pronotum with middle line flanked by two ill-defined longitudinal fasciae of fulvous setae and each pronotal side with another one. Elytra mostly covered with very faint brown setae; a contrasting large spot on the middle constituted of pale grayish setae (Fig. 1E), except for a hairless area around the anterior margin forming a black semicircular ring; a number of irregularly scattered small spots of fulvous setae forming three or four short longitudinal fasciae contiguous at base and much denser and contiguous after the discal spot. Variations of pubescence is shown in Fig. 2 A–D. Abdomen covered with fulvous setae, lateral margins with some erected brown setae.

Head (Fig. 3A) compressed, surface coarsely granulated, length/width = 1.03, narrower than pronotum. Frons transverse, slightly convex. Eyes small, finely facetted, divided into two widely separated lobes; lower lobes longer than genae. Interantennal region strongly concave between the strongly elevated antennal tubercles. Antennae long, extending beyond elytral apex by six antennomeres; scape stout and cylindrical, larger at apex, with an open circular scar; surface of scape, pedicel and antennomere III with small and coarse granules; antennomere III longer than all others; antennomeres IV, V, VI, VII and XI subequal; antennomeres VII to X decreasing in length; last antennomere thinner and curved.

Pronotum (Fig. 3C) slightly convex and elongate, length/width = 1.09, widest at about basal 3/7 where it is slightly protruded; anterior margin slightly concave; lateral side with an inconspicuous vestigial small tubercle; hind angles slightly projected backwards and somewhat acute; surface coarsely rugose.

Stridulatory organ hided with a median longitudinal band of dense, fine, transverse stridulatory striae.

Scutellum ligulate, surface densely covered with fulvous setae.

Elytra widest just after humeri, length/width = 2.22, gradually narrowing towards apex; apices narrowly rounded; surface with many small and coarse granules at base, more or less thickly punctured with punctures diminishing in size towards apex.

Metathoracic wings fully developed.

Prolegs elongated; protibia (Fig. 3E) slightly sinuate, with a strong tooth at about the apical fourth of inner side. Profemora longer than meso- and metafemora. Metafemora exceed the posterior edge of visible abdominal segment IV.

Abdomen (Fig. 4B): tergite VIII with posterior edge weakly emarginate, bordered with long setae; sternite VIII short, with posterior edge more or less truncate, bordered with much shorter setae; sternite IX ‘Y’ -shaped.

Male genitalia (Fig. 4 F–H): Lateral lobes of tegmen moderately elongate, gradually tapering to narrowly rounded apex, which carries long setae. Median lobe stout, median struts more than half length of median lobe; ventral plate longer than dorsal plate; ventral plate with apex widely rounded. Endophallus with tubular structure at basal end.

Female. Size smaller than male, body length 16.67-25.47 mm, humeral width 4.37-7.55 mm. Length (mm) of different body parts: head (3.49) : antenna (32.89): pronotum (3.92) : elytra (15.84) : protibia (4.65); width (mm): head (3.20) : pronotum (4.51) : elytra (7.45). Body length/elytral width = 3.13; antenna length/body length = 1.41. Antennomeres with length ratio from base to tip: 6.03 - 1.00 - 14.07 - 9.51 - 8.10 - 7.03 - 6.33 - 5.02 - 4.12 - 3.71 - 5.56.

Habitus is shown in Fig. 1 C–D. Eyes (Fig. 3B) with lower lobe shorter than genae. Antennae shortened, extending beyond the elytral apex by five antennomeres. Pronotum (Fig. 3D) slightly wider than long, length/width = 0.87, widest at middle. Variations of pubescence and spots on the elytra is shown in Fig. 2 E–H. Protibiae (Fig. 3F) not elongated, without observable tooth at inner side.

Immature stages.

Some logs containing larvae were chopped from the type locality and then transferred to the laboratories of Chengdu and Beijing in a constant temperature of 25°C. By observing the pupal chamber (Fig. 5 H–K) every day, we observed that Pseudomacrochenus wusuae  sp. n. took about 28 days from last instar larva (20.I.2016) to pupa (17.II.2016) and about 31 days from pupa to emergence. The habitus of last instar larva is shown in Fig. 5 A–D and pupa is shown in Fig. 5 E–G.

Host plant.

Craspedolobium schochii  Harms (巴豆藤) (Fig. 6 A–B).

Field observations. Biotope in broad-leaved mixed forest of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture (Sichuan) is shown in Figs 6 A–B. Adults in the biotope are shown in Fig. 6 C–D.

Remarks.

It is easy to distinguish Pseudomacrochenus wusuae  sp. n. from Pseudomacrochenus spinicollis  Breuning, 1949, Pseudomacrochenus oberthueri  Breuning, 1955 and Pseudomacrochenus albipennis  Chiang, 1981 since the new species has pronotum (Fig. 3 C–D) much longer than wide, without long spine at the lateral side, but only with an inconspicuous vestigial small tubercle; while the latter three species have pronotum less elongated, with a distinct spine at each lateral side. In addition, pubescence and spots on the elytra of these species are different.

This new species well resembles Pseudomacrochenus antennatus  (Gahan, 1894) in general appearance but it is easily distinguishable from it by the combination of the following characters: in Pseudomacrochenus wusuae  sp. n., elytra with a large discal spot constituted of pale contrasting grayish setae (Fig. 1E); area around the anterior margin of this spot almost not pubescent, forming a black semicircular ring; tergite VIII (Fig. 4B) with posterior edge weakly emarginate; sternite VIII (Fig. 4B) short and posterior edge more or less truncate; lateral lobes (Fig. 4F) of tegmen with more setae on dorsal surface of apex; ventral plate with apex (Fig. 4G) widely rounded. In Pseudomacrochenus antennatus  , elytra without contrasting large spot; tergite VIII (Fig. 4A) with posterior edge distinctly emarginate; sternite VIII (Fig. 4A) longer and posterior edge roundly curved; lateral lobes (Fig. 4C) of tegmen with less setae on dorsal surface of apex; ventral plate with apex (Fig. 4D) rounded.

This new species is also similar to Pseudomacrochenus affinis  Breuning, 1960, from which it can be distinguished due to the fact that Pseudomacrochenus wusuae  sp. n. shows a larger discal spot, with less defined borders, and a hairless black semicircular ring around the ante rior margin; while Pseudomacrochenus affinis  shows a smaller discal spot, with sharply defined borders, and a quite large hairless black patch before the eytral apex.

Etymology.

The specific epithet is dedicated to Ms. Wu-Su Chen, the wife of the first author, for her constant support and love.

Distribution.

China (Sichuan).